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Kosmos
Astronomia Astrofizyka
Inne

Kultura
Sztuka dawna i współczesna, muzea i kolekcje

Metoda
Metodologia nauk, Matematyka, Filozofia, Miary i wagi, Pomiary

Materia
Substancje, reakcje, energia
Fizyka, chemia i inżynieria materiałowa

Człowiek
Antropologia kulturowa Socjologia Psychologia Zdrowie i medycyna

Wizje
Przewidywania Kosmologia Religie Ideologia Polityka

Ziemia
Geologia, geofizyka, geochemia, środowisko przyrodnicze

Życie
Biologia, biologia molekularna i genetyka

Cyberprzestrzeń
Technologia cyberprzestrzeni, cyberkultura, media i komunikacja

Działalność
Wiadomości | Gospodarka, biznes, zarządzanie, ekonomia

Technologie
Budownictwo, energetyka, transport, wytwarzanie, technologie informacyjne

An exponential growth of computational phantom research in radiation protection, imaging, and radiotherapy: a review of the fifty-year history

Radiation dose calculation using models of the human anatomy has been a subject of great interest to
radiation protection, medical imaging, and radiotherapy. However, early pioneers of this field did
not foresee the exponential growth of research activity as observed today. This review article walks
the reader through the history of the research and development in this field of study which started
some 50 years ago. This review identifies a clear progression of computational phantom complexity
which can be denoted by three distinct generations. The first generation of stylized phantoms,
representing a grouping of less than dozen models, was initially developed in the 1960s at Oak Ridge
National Laboratory to calculate internal doses from nuclear medicine procedures. Despite their
anatomical simplicity, these computational phantoms were the best tools available at the time for
internal/external dosimetry, image evaluation, and treatment dose evaluations. A second generation
of a l...

Kolekcje IOP - REVIEWS 2014/08/22 - 19:33 Czytaj