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Kosmos
Astronomia Astrofizyka
Inne

Kultura
Sztuka dawna i współczesna, muzea i kolekcje

Metoda
Metodologia nauk, Matematyka, Filozofia, Miary i wagi, Pomiary

Materia
Substancje, reakcje, energia
Fizyka, chemia i inżynieria materiałowa

Człowiek
Antropologia kulturowa Socjologia Psychologia Zdrowie i medycyna

Wizje
Przewidywania Kosmologia Religie Ideologia Polityka

Ziemia
Geologia, geofizyka, geochemia, środowisko przyrodnicze

Życie
Biologia, biologia molekularna i genetyka

Cyberprzestrzeń
Technologia cyberprzestrzeni, cyberkultura, media i komunikacja

Działalność
Wiadomości | Gospodarka, biznes, zarządzanie, ekonomia

Technologie
Budownictwo, energetyka, transport, wytwarzanie, technologie informacyjne

Evaluation of wind profiles from the NERC MST radar, Aberystwyth, UK

Evaluation of wind profiles from the NERC MST radar, Aberystwyth, UKAtmospheric Measurement Techniques, 7, 3113-3126, 2014Author(s): C. F. Lee, G. Vaughan, and D. A. HooperThis study quantifies the uncertainties in winds measured by the Aberystwyth
Mesosphere–Stratosphere–Troposphere (MST) radar (52.4° N,
4.0° W), before and after its renovation in March 2011. A total of 127
radiosondes provide an independent measure of winds. Differences between
radiosonde and radar-measured horizontal winds are correlated with long-term
averages of vertical velocities, suggesting an influence from local mountain
waves. These local influences are an important consideration when using radar
winds as a measure of regional conditions, particularly for numerical weather
prediction. For those applications, local effects represent a source of
sampling error additional to the inherent uncertainties in the measurements
themselves. The radar renovation improved the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of measurements, with a
corresponding improvement in altitude coverage. It also corrected an
underestimate of horizontal wind speeds attributed to beam formation
problems, due to pre-renovation component failure. The root mean square error (RMSE) in
radar-measured horizontal wind components, averaged over half an hour,
increases with wind speed and altitude, and is 0.8–2.5 m s−1
(6–12% of wind speed) for post-renovation winds. Pre-renovation values
are typically 0.1 m s−1 larger. The RMSE in radial velocities is
<0.04 m s−1. Eight weeks of special radar operation are used to
investigate the effects of echo power aspect sensitivity. Corrections for
echo power aspect sensitivity remove an underestimate of horizontal wind
speeds; however aspect sensitivity is azimuthally anisotropic at the scale of
routine observations (≈1 h). This anisotropy introduces random
error into wind profiles. For winds averaged over half an hour, the RMSE
is around 3.5% above 8 km, but as large as 4.5% in the
mid-troposphere.

Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 2014/09/25 - 13:46 Czytaj