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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Michael I. Bakunov, Sergey B. BodrovWe present a detailed analysis of terahertz generation with tilted-front optical pulses in a scheme, where the pulse-front tilt is introduced by transmitting the laser pulse through a diffraction grating placed on the boundary of an electro-optic crystal. The analysis accounts for a finite ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2549-2557 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 21:30

Daniel Asoubar, Site Zhang, Michael Kuhn, Frank WyrowskiIn this work we generalize the scalar Fox and Li algorithm for the dominant transversal resonator eigenmode calculation to a fully vectorial field tracing concept. Therefore we reformulate Fox and Li’s scalar integral equation to a set of coupled operator equations. The introduction of a ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2565-2573 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 21:30

E. CojocaruWe comparatively investigate Dyakonov surface waves (DSWs) traveling along the plane interface between a dielectric isotropic medium and a lossless anisotropic uniaxial medium with the optic axis (OA) parallel to the interface, when the principal permittivities of the uniaxial medium are both ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2558-2564 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 21:30

Y. B. Kale, V. B. Tiwari, S. Singh, S. R. Mishra, H. S. RawatWe report a velocity selective bipolarization spectroscopy (VS-BPS) technique to generate a background-free, dispersion-like reference signal which is tunable over a wide range of frequency. In this technique, a pair of linearly polarized weak probe beams passing through a gas cell of metastable ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2531-2539 (2014)] 2014/10/02 - 18:17

J. Batle, Mahmoud Abdel-AtyAny set of pure states living in a given Hilbert space possesses a natural and unique metric—the Haar measure—on the group U(N) of unitary matrices. However, there is no specific measure induced on the set of eigenvalues, Δ, of any density matrix ρ. Therefore, a general ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2540-2548 (2014)] 2014/10/02 - 18:17

Nils Brouwer, Bärbel RethfeldWhen transparent dielectrics are irradiated by an intense, ultrashort laser pulse, the electron density in the conduction band is increased tremendously. Simultaneously, valence band states become unoccupied and the electron–phonon coupling strength is increased. In this paper, we present ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, C28-C35 (2014)] 2014/10/02 - 18:17

E. G. Gamaly, A. V. RodeThe transient permittivity of dielectrics and semiconductors excited by a powerful ultrashort laser pulse is introduced here in explicit form, which shows a decreasing contribution of valence electrons and an increasing contribution of free carriers with rising laser fluence. We describe the ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, C36-C43 (2014)] 2014/10/02 - 18:17

Alessia Allevi, Maria Bondani, Ondřej HaderkaGeneration and measurement of quantum states of light represent a hot and widely discussed topic in the physical community for their possible applications to quantum optics and quantum information. To this aim, it is desirable that optical states are robust with respect to losses and can be ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, PNR1-PNR2 (2014)] 2014/09/27 - 11:03

Naira S. Grigoryan, Tobias Zier, Martin E. Garcia, Eeuwe S. ZijlstraWhen a femtosecond-laser pulse excites a solid it may, among other ultrafast processes, induce coherent phonons, phonon frequency changes, thermal phonon squeezing, and nonthermal melting. Using our in-house code for highly excited valence electron systems, where laser-induced interatomic forces ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, C22-C27 (2014)] 2014/09/27 - 11:03

Zong-Syun He, Jing-Yuan Su, Hong-Ren Chen, Wei-Fu Chen, Meng-Huang Sie, Jyun-Yan Ye, Chin-Chun TsaiLadder-type electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) and two-photon absorption (TPA) under a low-light level of probe (0.2  μW/cm^2(0.06Γ_2)) and weak coupling power for a cesium atom at room temperature are investigated. Reduction of the fluorescence on the TPA in a ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2485-2490 (2014)] 2014/09/27 - 11:03

Sergey A. PodoshvedovWe focus on implementation and optimization of an irreversible analog of the Hadamard gate. Three optical schemes are considered for the purpose. Two of them are probabilistic. Another is deterministic provided that a special auxiliary state is prepared beforehand. One of the optical schemes is ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2491-2503 (2014)] 2014/09/27 - 11:03

Xiong Wang, Pu Zhou, Yu Miao, Hanwei Zhang, Hu Xiao, Xiaolin Wang, Zejin LiuWe demonstrate a high-power and efficient Ho-doped fiber laser (HDFL) employing a high-power 1150 nm Raman fiber laser (RFL) as the pump source. The 1150 nm RFL provided 110 W pump power, and the output power of the HDFL reached 42 W with a slope efficiency of 0.37. The lasing ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2476-2479 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 04:12

C. E. Máximo, T. B. Batalhão, R. Bachelard, G. D. de Moraes Neto, M. A. de Ponte, M. H. Y. MoussaWe present a fully quantum scheme to perform two-dimensional atomic lithography based on a cross-cavity optical Stern–Gerlach setup: an array of two mutually orthogonal cavities crossed by an atomic beam perpendicular to their optical axes, which is made to interact with two identical modes. ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2480-2484 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 04:12

Boris A. MalomedThe creation of stable 1D and 2D localized modes in lossy nonlinear media is a fundamental problem in optics and plasmonics. This article gives a mini review of theoretical methods elaborated on for this purpose, using localized gain applied at one or several hot spots (HS). The introduction ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2460-2475 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 04:12

Niranjan Sridhar, Reihaneh Shahrokhshahi, Aaron J. Miller, Brice Calkins, Thomas Gerrits, Adriana Lita, Sae Woo Nam, Olivier PfisterPhoton-number-resolving (PNR) detection allows for the direct measurement of the Wigner quasi-probability distribution of an optical mode without the need for numerically processing an inverse Radon transform [Phys. Rev. Lett.76, 4344 (1996)10.1103/PhysRevLett.76.4344PRLTAO0031-9007]. In this work, ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, B34-B40 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 04:12

Alexander V. Bulgakov, Nathan Goodfriend, Oleg Nerushev, Nadezhda M. Bulgakova, Sergei V. Starinskiy, Yuri G. Shukhov, Eleanor E. B. CampbellAn experimental study of laser-induced forward transfer of nanoparticles from a metal-coated glass substrate is presented. Nanoparticles are efficiently removed from the substrates due to transient blister formation. A combination of mass spectrometry, atomic force microscopy studies of the ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, C15-C21 (2014)] 2014/09/24 - 14:39

Dmitry Kalashnikov, Leonid KrivitskyDevelopment of reliable photon-number-resolving detectors (PNRDs), devices that are capable of distinguishing 1,2,3… photons, is of a great importance for quantum optics and its applications. A new class of affordable PNRD is based on multipixel photon counters (MPPCs). Here we review ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, B25-B33 (2014)] 2014/09/24 - 14:39

Edgars Nitiss, Janis Busenbergs, Martins RutkisCurrently inorganic materials prevail as the nonlinear active medium for light modulation in electro-optical (EO) device technology. A recent promising trend is to consider organic nonlinear optical materials for application in EO modulators due to their multiple advantages including low costs and ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2446-2454 (2014)] 2014/09/24 - 14:39

Shiva Shahin, Khanh Kieu, Joel M. Hales, Hyeongeu Kim, Yulia A. Getmanenko, Yadong Zhang, Joseph W. Perry, Seth R. Marder, Robert A. Norwood, Nasser PeyghambarianWe present our technique to characterize the third-order nonlinear optical properties of organic dyes in our previously introduced integrated liquid-core optical fiber (i-LCOF) platform. i-LCOF is filled with the solution of the organic dyes, and the change in the laser pulse spectral width due to ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2455-2459 (2014)] 2014/09/24 - 14:39

Ariel Nause, Egor Dyunin, Reuven Ianconescu, Avraham GoverWe present an exact solution for the complex field of transition radiation (TR) emitted by an electron incident on a conductive screen. The solution is valid in all space. In the reactive near zone, it replicates the Coulomb fields of the electron and its image charge and their evolution into ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2438-2445 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Nadezhda M. Bulgakova, Vladimir P. Zhukov, Yuri P. Meshcheryakov, Laura Gemini, Jan Brajer, Danijela Rostohar, Tomas MocekNumerical simulations based on Maxwell’s equations have been performed for gaining deep insight into the processes governing laser light absorption in transparent dielectrics in the regimes typical for laser direct writing of various optical structures inside bulk glasses such as waveguides, ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, C8-C14 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Makoto Naruse, Hirokazu Hori, Satoshi Ishii, Aurélien Drezet, Serge Huant, Morihisa Hoga, Yasuyuki Ohyagi, Tsutomu Matsumoto, Naoya Tate, Motoichi OhtsuWe theoretically demonstrate direction-dependent polarization conversion efficiency, yielding unidirectional light transmission, through a two-layer nanostructure by using the angular spectrum representation of optical near fields. The theory provides results that are consistent with ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2404-2413 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Anna Shlyagina, Serguei StepanovWe report experimental results on the 1550 nm modulated light propagation in a closed-loop all-fiber resonance configuration, which includes a segment of the erbium-doped fiber with saturable optical absorption. It is shown that by a simple increase of the average incident light power, one can ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2414-2418 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Jungho Kim, Bong-Ahn YuWe numerically compare the gain and phase recovery acceleration of quantum-dot (QD) semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) caused by four optical pumping schemes: the single-color optical pumping tune to the quantum-well (QW) carrier reservoir; the QD excited state (ES) ensembles; and the QD ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2419-2429 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Tayebeh Naseri, Rasoul Sadighi-BonabiAn electromagnetically induced phase grating controlled by spontaneous generated coherence (SGC) in a four-level N-type atomic system is studied. The results indicate that the diffraction efficiency of the phase grating is dramatically enhanced due to the existence of SGC, and an efficient ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2430-2437 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Chengkun Chen, Christophe Caucheteur, Valérie Voisin, Jacques Albert, Pierre BeriniA standard single-mode optical fiber, coated with low-index polymer (Cytop), then a thin Au sheath, immersed in fluid, is proposed as a structure for optical (bio)chemical sensing. The highest-order EH_1m cladding modes are found to couple strongly to long- or short-range surface plasmons on the Au ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2354-2362 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Benjamin R. Anderson, Ray Gunawidjaja, Hergen EilersWe report on low-threshold and narrow linewidth intensity feedback random lasing in rhodamine 6G dye-doped polyurethane with dispersed ZrO_2 nanoparticles. Depending on the dye/particle concentration, the lasing threshold is 6.8–15.4  MW/cm^2, and the linewidth is ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2363-2370 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Subhajit Bej, Jani Tervo, Yuri P. Svirko, Jari TurunenWe present a numerically feasible method for rigorous modeling of crossed diffraction gratings made of isotropic materials with third-order nonlinearity. The approach is based on an iterative solution of the crossed-grating problem with linear but anisotropic materials. We also discuss how the ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2371-2378 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Yongmin Li, Ning Wang, Xuyang Wang, Zengliang BaiWe experimentally study the depolarized guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in a long-distance telecom single-mode fiber (SMF-28e). It is shown that such a scattering process can introduce excess noise and further degrade the performance of the fiber-based continuous variable quantum key ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2379-2383 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Feng Wen, Huayan Lan, Dan Zhang, Changbiao Li, Haixia Chen, Yanpeng ZhangFor the first time to our knowledge, a dressed spontaneous parametric four-wave mixing (SP-FWM) process and fluorescence (FL) signals in hot alkali atom vapor are demonstrated in both theory and experiment. First, by scanning pumping fields, Autler–Townes (AT) splitting in SP-FWM and ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2384-2389 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

S. K. Singh, C. H. Raymond OoiThe quantum optomechanical system serves as an interface for coupling between photons, excitons, and mechanical oscillations. We use the quantum Langevin approach to study a hybrid optomechanical system that contains a single undoped semiconductor quantum well in a cavity, where one of its mirrors ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2390-2398 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Richard L. Tober, John D. Bruno, Sergei Suchalkin, Gregory BelenkyWe present emission spectra obtained from ridge waveguide quantum cascade (QC) lasers with atypical periodic features that result from optical modes that suffer total internal sidewall reflections and traverse zigzag paths along the length of the waveguide structure. These “zigzag” ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2399-2403 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Amir Karimi, Mohammad Kazem TavassolyIn this paper, after a brief review on the entangled coherent state, a general form of the entangled nonlinear coherent state has been introduced based on the nonlinear coherent states approach. By choosing particular f-deformation functions, theoretical schemes for generation of two distinct ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2345-2353 (2014)] 2014/09/21 - 17:23

Xi-Han Li, Zhi Zeng, Chun WangWe propose an alignment-free photonic qubit transmission scheme and apply it in quantum key distribution schemes, in which the authorized parties do not have to calibrate their Cartesian reference frames in advance. The polarization states are labeled by time, and the receiver can obtain the ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2334-2338 (2014)] 2014/09/17 - 00:13

Xi-Han Li, Zhi Zeng, Chun WangWe propose an alignment-free photonic qubit transmission scheme and apply it in quantum key distribution schemes, in which the authorized parties do not have to calibrate their Cartesian reference frames in advance. The polarization states are labeled by time, and the receiver can obtain the ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2334-2338 (2014)] 2014/09/17 - 00:13

Ali Ü. C. HardalWe investigate the Hermitian and the non-Hermitian dynamics of the mode entanglement in two identical optical cavities coupled by a chiral mirror. By employing the non-Hermitian quantum evolution, we calculate the logarithmic negativity measure of entanglement for initially Fock, coherent, and ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2339-2344 (2014)] 2014/09/17 - 00:13

Ali Ü. C. HardalWe investigate the Hermitian and the non-Hermitian dynamics of the mode entanglement in two identical optical cavities coupled by a chiral mirror. By employing the non-Hermitian quantum evolution, we calculate the logarithmic negativity measure of entanglement for initially Fock, coherent, and ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2339-2344 (2014)] 2014/09/17 - 00:13

Min Cheng, Ping Fu, Xiyao Chen, Xiahui Zeng, Shangyuan Feng, Rong ChenWe investigate the effect of surface plasmon (SP) resonance on Goos–Hanchen (GH) spatial and angular shifts in the reflection of a light beam by considering an attenuated total reflection structure containing a graphene layer. In particular, we find giant spatial and angular GH shifts for ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2325-2329 (2014)] 2014/09/13 - 13:22

Zhen Hu, Ya Yan LuWavelength demultiplexers based on photonic crystal resonators are attractive because they may be realized in very small sizes. However, existing designs have a limitation on the size since they all require one resonator for each wavelength and these resonators must be separated. As a possible ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 2330-2333 (2014)] 2014/09/13 - 13:22

Nathalie Destouches, Juan Martínez-García, Mathieu Hébert, Nicolas Crespo-Monteiro, Guy Vitrant, Zeming Liu, Alain Trémeau, Francis Vocanson, Florent Pigeon, Stéphanie Reynaud, Yaya LefkirThis paper deals with the colorimetric properties of silver nanoparticle gratings buried in a dense titania film that result from a continuous wave laser-induced self-organization process. The samples exhibit shining colors in the direction of the specular reflection, which are very sensitive to ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, C1-C7 (2014)] 2014/09/12 - 09:29