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Journal of Lightwave Technology

Hao Zhang, Yishen Qiu, Zhangting Huang, Junzhen Jiang, Gaoming Li, Huaixi Chen, Hui LiTemperature and vibration robustness of a reflecting all-fiber current sensor (AFCS) using a common single-mode fiber (SMF) are analyzed theoretically and experimentally. The effect of the birefringence condition of the sensing fiber on the temperature and vibration sensitivity of the AFCS is shown ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3709-3715 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 13:40

Edgar Krune, Kambiz Jamshidi, Karsten Voigt, Lars Zimmermann, Klaus PetermannThe lower limit of timing jitter due to optical and thermal noise is derived for the transmission of pulses as a clock signal. Clock distribution networks are analyzed in silicon photonics in providing pulse trains to electronic circuits. Two photon absorption and free carrier effects in silicon ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3776-3783 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 13:40

Xiang Ma, Jiyang Yu, Xingcheng Hua, Chao Wei, Yi Huang, Longzhi Yang, Defeng Li, Qinfen Hao, Peng Liu, Xiaoqing Jiang, Jianyi YangThe development of nanophotonics in the last decades indicates a good opportunity for constructing the opto-electronic networks on chip. Hybrid opto-electronic network-on-chip (HNoC) is an emerging communication architecture that can offer high bandwidth and low latency to many-core ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3699-3708 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 13:40

Wenqiong Guo, Michel J. F. DigonnetThis paper reports a study of the sensitivity to an absolute rotation of an optical gyroscope in which the sensing element is a coupled spiral interferometer (CSPIN), which is a spiral waveguide with coupling between adjacent arms. The two physical sensing mechanisms that contribute to this ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3758-3762 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 13:40

Keang-Po Ho, Joseph M. Kahn, Jeffrey P. WildeWavelength-selective switches for mode-division-multiplexing systems are designed by scaling switches from single-mode systems. All modes at a given wavelength are switched as a unit, which is necessary in systems with substantial mode coupling, and minimizes the number of ports required to ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3724-3735 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 13:40

Ari Novack, Ruizhi Shi, Matt Streshinsky, Jingcheng Tao, Kang Tan, Andy Eu-Jin Lim, Guo-Qiang Lo, Tom Baehr-Jones, Michael HochbergWe present the design and fabrication of complimentary metal-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MESFETs) monolithically integrated on a high-speed silicon photonics platform. The transistors were built in an existing silicon photonics process without any additional process steps or ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3743-3746 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 13:40

Elham Sahraee, Abbas ZarifkarThe effect of pumping methods on the gain and phase dynamics of quantum-dot vertical cavity semiconductor optical amplifier is investigated. The gain and phase recovery time is considered at the ground state transition wavelength. By including the effect of the excited state and wetting layer on ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3716-3723 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 13:40

Wenzhu Huang, Wentao Zhang, Tengkun Zhen, Fusheng Zhang, Fang LiWe propose a high-resolution static-strain sensor based on a π-phase-shifted Bragg grating (π-FBG) combined with a wavelet threshold denoising algorithm. The Pound–Drever–Hall (PDH) technique based on a narrow-linewidth fiber laser is used to interrogate the sensor. A ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3692-3698 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 13:40

F. Thomas, S. Heidmann, M. de Mengin, N. Courjal, G. Ulliac, A. Morand, P. Benech, E. Le Coarer, G. MartinHigh-resolution spectrometers are nowadays achievable in compact devices using integrated optics. The approach developed here consists in obtaining a static interferogram by means of a Fresnel reflection at the waveguide output (Lippmann interference between forward and backward beams) and then ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3736-3742 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 13:40

Qiang An, Chen Cheng, Sudheer Kumar Vanga, Andrew A. Bettiol, Feng ChenWe report on proton beam writing of chalcogenide glass for the fabrication of channel waveguides. The focused proton beam at an energy of 1 MeV induces positive refractive index changes, forming channel waveguide structures in the irradiated region. The channel waveguides support both the TE and TM ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3763-3767 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 13:40

Francesco De Leonardis, Benedetto Troia, Vittorio M. N. PassaroThe influence of Germanium-on-Silicon waveguide geometries on single-mode and multimode operations as well as on zero birefringence conditions has been deeply investigated in the mid infrared spectrum. The design equations to estimate the single mode conditions have been carried out and ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3747-3757 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 13:40

Azadeh Taher Rahmati, Nosrat GranpayehIn this paper, we report a novel low-power nonlinear plasmonic nanoswitch mainly based on optical nonlinearity of centro-symmetric metals. We consider metal nonlinear terms including electrical and magnetic parts of Lorentz force and convective effect, due to the free electron mobility and Lorentz ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3402-3408 (2014)] 2014/09/28 - 15:20

Jun Yang, Yonggui Yuan, Ai Zhou, Jun Cai, Chuang Li, Dekai Yan, Sheng Huang, Feng Peng, Bing Wu, Yu Zhang, Zhihai Liu, Libo YuanThe polarization characteristics of the multifunctional integrated optic chip (MFIOC) are fully evaluated with high accuracy by using optical coherence domain polarimetry based on white light interferometer. Two polarization maintaining (PM) fibers, serving as extended fibers, are spliced to the PM ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3641-3650 (2014)] 2014/09/28 - 15:20

Xuanfeng Zhou, Zilun Chen, Hang Zhou, Jing HouMulticore photonic crystal fiber is an important research direction to realize high-power supercontiuum. We report two post processing methods based on air hole collapse technique to generate Gaussian-like mode field in a seven-core photonic crystal fiber (SCPCF) for low loss splicing. By heating ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3368-3371 (2014)] 2014/09/28 - 15:20

Bo Wang, Pin-Han Ho, Chih-Hao LinThe use of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) technology enables an optical transmission system to break the limitation of wavelength grids due to legacy of wavelength division multiplexing. This constructs a flexible and elastic transmission paradigm so as to achieve high spectrum ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3380-3388 (2014)] 2014/09/28 - 15:20

Zhengxuan Li, Lilin Yi, Wei Wei, Meihua Bi, Hao He, Shilin Xiao, Weisheng HuA truly passive long-reach, symmetric 40-Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) with a high loss budget is demonstrated, using direct modulation and direct detection in both upstream and downstream directions. Thermally tuned directly modulated lasers ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3389-3396 (2014)] 2014/09/28 - 15:20

Hiva Shahoei, Dan-Xia Xu, Jens H. Schmid, Jianping YaoContinuously tunable slow and fast light generation using a silicon-on-insulator microring resonator (MRR) incorporating a multimode interference (MMI) coupler is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The MMI coupler is optimized for the transverse-magnetic mode. By changing the input ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3677-3682 (2014)] 2014/09/28 - 15:20

Jiannan Zhu, Jonathan D. Ingham, Johannes Benedikt von Lindeiner, Adrian Wonfor, Richard V. Penty, Ian H. WhiteA proof-of-principle demonstration of a multiple input-multiple output (MIMO) dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) system is reported. It uses standard uncooled distributed feedback lasers with intensity modulation-direction detection (IM-DD), in which the temperature of each laser is ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3372-3379 (2014)] 2014/09/28 - 15:20

Hamid Khodakarami, Bipin Sankar Gopalakrishna Pillai, Behnam Sedighi, William ShiehHigh energy efficiency is expected to become a mandatory design criterion in
optical networks of the future. This paper investigates schemes for enhancing the energy
efficiency of core optical networks based on multicarrier transmission. Such networks of
the ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3356-3367 (2014)] 2014/09/28 - 15:20

Tinko A. Eftimov, Wojtek J. Bock, Plamen E. Balzhiev, Vanya M. Plachkova, Katerina ZhelyazkovaIn this paper, we report the results of testing a securitized hybrid sensing/communication system. A long-period grating sensor operating in the 1550 nm range along a bidirectional communication link at 1310 nm is securitized against intrusion by launching visible light at 650 nm through a ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3345-3355 (2014)] 2014/09/28 - 15:20

Anand Bahl, Aba Teleki, Per Kristen Jakobsen, Ewan M. Wright, Miroslav KolesikWe describe a new class of transparent boundary conditions for beam-propagation simulation. The method is based on a transformation that breaks the original real-axis computational domain into a piecewise linear complex-plane contour, with higher-order analogues of Riemann–Cauchy conditions ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3670-3676 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Jiannan Zhu, Adrian Wonfor, Sharon H. Lee, Stephan Pachnicke, Mirko Lawin, Richard V. Penty, Jörg-Peter Elbers, Rosemary Cush, Michael J. Wale, Ian H. WhiteThis paper reports an uncooled transmitter system using a digital super-mode (DS) distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) tunable laser, which is able to act as an athermal, wavelength agnostic transmitter suitable for wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) passive optical network (PON) applications. An ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3651-3658 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Miguel Iglesias Olmedo, Lau Suhr, Kamau Prince, Roberto Rodes, Christian Mikkelsen, Erling Hviid, Christian Neumeyr, Gunther Vollrath, Edgard Goobar, Peter Öhlén, Idelfonso Tafur MonroyThis paper summarizes the research and technical achievements done under the EU project GigaWaM. The goal of this project was to develop a cost-effective solution that can meet the increasing bandwidth demands in access networks. The approach was to use a novel wavelength division multiplexing ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3683-3691 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Yipei Wang, Xin Guo, Limin Tong, Jingyi LouWe theoretically demonstrate a plasmonic nanosensor, using Au-nanowire waveguide to measure the refractive-index changes in aqueous solutions. Based on finite element method simulations, waveguiding properties of Au nanowires for plasmonic sensing in liquids are investigated, with Au nanowire ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3631-3636 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Misaki Takahashi, Hiroki Kishikawa, Nobuo Goto, Shin-ichiro YanagiyaAn all-optical switch using saturable absorption that accompanies refractive-index change such as in graphene films is proposed. The switching conditions are theoretically derived for arbitrary values of absorption and refractive-index change. It is found that switching can be performed by weaker ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3624-3630 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Albert Pagès, Massimo Tornatore, Francesco Musumeci, Salvatore Spadaro, Jordi Perelló, Annalisa MoreaEnergy-efficiency has been widely recognized as an important target in the management of optical wavelength division multiplexing networks. A very promising power management strategy consists in putting unused transponders into a low-power state, called idle or sleep state, or even in turning them ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3659-3669 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Ahmed Q. Lawey, Taisir E. H. El-Gorashi, Jaafar M. H. ElmirghaniIn this paper, we extend our previous study on BitTorrent, the most popular peer-to-peer (P2P) protocol, to investigate different aspects related to its energy efficiency in IP over WDM (IP/WDM) networks, validating the power savings previously obtained by modeling and simulation through ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3607-3623 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Xiaojun Xie, Kejia Li, Qiugui Zhou, Andreas Beling, Joe C. CampbellWe report a high-gain, low-noise-figure, and high-linearity analog photonic link. The link combines a high-power and low-noise fiber laser, a Mach–Zehnder modulator, a high-gain erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA), and a high-performance charge-compensated modified unitraveling-carrier ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3585-3590 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Xiang Yin, Tian Zhang, Lin Chen, Xun LiWe give a proposal for plasmonic rainbow trapping based on a novel structure comprised of a silica–graphene–silica on a sloping silicon substrate, which, importantly, overcomes the intrinsic constraints that are required by metal/dielectric interface. As compared with previous ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3591-3596 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Xuetong Zhou, Tian Zhang, Lin Chen, Wei Hong, Xun LiReduction of propagation loss of terahertz graphene plasmon can be made by increasing the chemical potential of graphene layer, but at the cost of significantly increased modal area, which fundamentally limits the packing density on a chip. By utilizing the strong coupling between the dielectric ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3597-3601 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Xueli Zhang, Jingyuan Duan, Yuegang Fu, Ancun ShiThis paper analyzes an indoor positioning system using white lighting LEDs. The performance of the positioning system is determined by the layout of LEDs, the receiver circuit, incidence angle of light, LED light source, and the photodiode. The Cramer–Rao bound as the theoretical accuracy ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3578-3584 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Ron R. Nissim, Evgeny Myslivets, Stojan RadicPerformance limits of saturated parametric amplifiers with very high nonlinear figure of merit were investigated. While such devices can be constructed using high confinement fiber, they also require localized phase matching control over hundreds of meters of interaction length. The limit on ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3552-3559 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Feng Xiao, David Michel, Guangyuan Li, Anshi Xu, Kamal AlamehAlthough the surface Plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor is a mature technology, currently, the sample temperature needs to be carefully considered and controlled because SPR signals vary with temperature. This poses a large challenge in the applications where the sample temperature changes during ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3567-3571 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Wangzhe Li, Fanqi Kong, Jianping YaoWe report a novel method to generate a stable and frequency-hopping-free microwave signal based on a mutually injection-locked dual-wavelength single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser and an optoelectronic oscillator (OEO), with the mutual injection locking realized by sharing an optical path ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3572-3577 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Wenqiong Guo, Michel J. F. DigonnetCoupled resonant optical waveguides (CROWs) exhibit unique abilities to support broadband slow light and steeply sloped resonances, which have important applications in many branches of photonics. These features, however, generally require coupling a large number N of resonators, which compromises ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3560-3566 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Jianhong Zhou, Wenbo Han, Ying Meng, Hongfei Song, Da Mu, Wounjhang ParkBy using the coupled-mode theory-based transfer matrix, we analyze the optical properties of direct and indirect coupling of cascaded cavities in the resonator-waveguide system. The dispersion relation of the system, bandgap opening mechanisms, and anticrossing behavior are investigated ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3502-3508 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Qian Wang, Pooi-Yuen KamHigher order
-ary phase shift keying (MPSK) and differential phase shift keying (MDPSK) (
$M\ge 4$
... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3531-3540 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Michael A. Wayne, Alessandro Restelli, Joshua C. Bienfang, Paul G. KwiatReducing afterpulsing in single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) allows operation with shorter recovery times and higher detection rates. Afterpulsing in SPADs can be reduced by reducing the total avalanche charge. We use a periodic quenching system to arbitrarily vary the latency between the onset ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3495-3501 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Laia Nadal, Michela Svaluto Moreolo, Josep M. Fàbrega, Annika Dochhan, Helmut Grießer, Michael Eiselt, Jörg-Peter ElbersIn this paper, we present the design and analysis of an adaptive cost-effective discrete multitone transponder (DMT) using direct detection (DD) suitable for data center interconnections. Levin Campello margin adaptive (LC-MA) algorithm is applied to the transponder digital signal processing ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3541-3551 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27

Yuta Nito, Jun Shibayama, Junji Yamauchi, Hisamatsu NakanoA fundamental scheme is utilized to reformulate the full-vectorial beam-propagation methods (BPMs). First, the fundamental scheme is introduced into the Fresnel equations which are discretized using the Crank–Nicolson method (FCN-BPM). The present FCN-BPM has the advantage that the total ... [J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 3509-3516 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 18:27