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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Monika Bahl, P. SenthilkumaranSingular beams have circulating energy components. When such beams are focused by low numerical aperture systems suffering from astigmatic aberration, these circulating energy components get modified. The phase gradient introduced by this type of aberration splits the higher charge vortices. The ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2046-2054 (2014)] 2014/08/24 - 14:12

Xiaolu Li, Yu Liang, Lijun XuTo provide a credible model for light detection and ranging (LiDAR) target classification, the focus of this study is on the relationship between intensity data of LiDAR and the bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF). An integration method based on the built-in-lab coaxial laser ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2055-2063 (2014)] 2014/08/24 - 14:12

Greg GburPartially coherent beams hold much promise in free-space optical communications for their resistance to the deleterious effects of atmospheric turbulence. We describe the basic theoretical and computational tools used to investigate these effects, and review the research to date. [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2038-2045 (2014)] 2014/08/22 - 11:12

Linyan CuiCurrent theoretical temporal power spectra models of an optical wave have been developed for terrestrial environments. The interactions between humidity and temperature fluctuations in the marine atmospheric environments make the marine atmospheric turbulence particularly challenging, and the ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2030-2037 (2014)] 2014/08/22 - 11:12

P. A. Ameen Yasir, J. Solomon IvanA general axially symmetric first-order optical system is realized using free propagation and thin convex lenses of fixed focal length. It is shown that not more than five convex lenses of fixed focal length are required to realize the most general first-order optical system, with the required ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2011-2020 (2014)] 2014/08/22 - 11:12

Hanhong Gao, George BarbastathisWe analyze the bulk elastic transformation of volume holograms as a general approach for three-dimensional pupil engineering. The physical relationship between transformation and the resulting point spread function is discussed by deriving the corresponding analytical expressions. For affine ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2021-2029 (2014)] 2014/08/22 - 11:12

R. Casini, A. G. de WijnWe derive an analytic expression for the instrument profile of a slit spectrograph, also known as the line spread function. While this problem is not new, our treatment relies on the operatorial approach to the description of diffractive optical systems, which provides a general framework for the ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2002-2010 (2014)] 2014/08/15 - 06:11

Juan Miguel Auñón, Manuel Nieto-VesperinasIn this work we address, first, the optical force on a magnetodielectric particle on a flat dielectric surface due to an evanescent Bessel beam and, second, the effects on the force of multiple scattering with the substrate. For the first question we find analytical solutions showing that due to ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1984-1992 (2014)] 2014/08/15 - 06:11

Jacob D. Paschall, Mark E. MazurekThe flash-lag effect is a visual illusion where a moving image is perceived to be advanced in its spatial location relative to a flashed image. Multiple studies have shown that the flash-lag effect can be enhanced by increasing the uncertainty of the moving and/or flashed images. However, little is ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1993-2001 (2014)] 2014/08/15 - 06:11

George Soliman, David Yevick, Paul JessopThis paper demonstrates that numerous calculations involving polarization transformations can be condensed by employing suitable geometric algebra formalism. For example, to describe polarization mode dispersion and polarization-dependent loss, both the material birefringence and differential loss ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1956-1962 (2014)] 2014/08/10 - 22:14

Hamza GerçekcioğluFormulation of the on-axis scintillation index of a focused Gaussian beam in weak oceanic turbulence is derived by using the Rytov method, and using this formulation, the average bit error rate (BER) is evaluated. The scintillation indices of collimated, focused Gaussian, plane, and spherical beams ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1963-1968 (2014)] 2014/08/10 - 22:14

W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, F. S. S. Rosa, F. A. Pinheiro, C. FarinaWe investigate electromagnetic (EM) scattering and plasmonic cloaking in a system composed of a dielectric cylinder coated with a magneto-optical shell. In the long-wavelength limit we demonstrate that the application of an external magnetic field can not only switch on and off the cloaking ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1969-1976 (2014)] 2014/08/10 - 22:14

V. V. Kotlyar, A. A. Kovalev, R. V. Skidanov, V. A. SoiferWe propose a three-parameter family of asymmetric Bessel–Gauss (aBG) beams with integer and fractional orbital angular momentum (OAM). The aBG beams are described by the product of a Gaussian function by the nth-order Bessel function of the first kind of complex argument, having finite ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1977-1983 (2014)] 2014/08/10 - 22:14

Yurij Vasylkiv, Ihor Skab, Rostyslav VlokhIn this work, we analyze the behavior of topological defects of optical indicatrix orientation induced by a conically shaped electric field in crystals in a crossover regime that appears at intermediate fields separating the regimes of prevailing Pockels and Kerr electro-optic nonlinearities. We ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1936-1945 (2014)] 2014/08/08 - 17:50

Lu Han, Yiping Han, Jiajie Wang, Zhiwei CuiWithin the framework of generalized Lorenz–Mie theory, scattering from a homogeneous spheroidal particle illuminated by an on-axis zero-order Bessel beam is formulated analytically, with special attention paid to the investigation of internal and near-surface fields. Numerical results ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1946-1955 (2014)] 2014/08/08 - 17:50

Sipeng Chen, Zhongxiang Shen, Wen WuIn this paper, Dyakonov surface waves (Dyakonov SWs) existing at the interface between a semi-infinite isotropic medium and a conductor-backed uniaxial slab are analyzed with the help of an exponential-matrix method. The boundary conditions at the interface are formulated using eigenvalues and ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1923-1930 (2014)] 2014/08/08 - 17:50

Zhenzhen Chen, Huayong Zhang, Xianliang Wu, Zhixiang HuangAn exact analytical solution to the transmission of a Gaussian beam through a gyrotropic cylinder is formulated in terms of a cylindrical vector wave function expansion form. By applying the continuous boundary conditions of electromagnetic fields, the unknown expansion coefficients of the ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1931-1935 (2014)] 2014/08/08 - 17:50

Rishikesh Kulkarni, Pramod RastogiA computationally efficient technique for fringe analysis in digital holographic interferometry using a difference equation representation of the interference field is presented. The spatially varying coefficient of the difference equation is estimated accurately by constraining it in the subspace ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1919-1922 (2014)] 2014/08/06 - 02:22

Alden S. Jurling, James R. FienupWe derive the analytic gradient of a phase retrieval error metric with respect to the sampling factor or the f-number that produced the measured point-spread function. This allows us to efficiently optimize over the sampling factor, thereby improving the accuracy of the phase estimate. Computer ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1904-1911 (2014)] 2014/08/06 - 02:22

Michael Forum Palvig, Olav Breinbjerg, Morten WillatzenIn order to obtain a benchmark for electromagnetic energy harvesting, we investigate the maximum absorption efficiency by a magneto-dielectric homogeneous sphere illuminated by a plane wave, and we arrive at several novel results. For electrically small spheres we show that the optimal relative ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1912-1918 (2014)] 2014/08/06 - 02:22

Ying-Yi Li, Hsien-Che LeeCIELAB is based on the CIE 1931 color matching functions. If we are given a new set of color matching functions, how do we define a CIELAB-like uniform color space for the new functions? This problem arises because the CIE recommended its physiological cone fundamentals in 2006 and is considering a ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1876-1885 (2014)] 2014/08/01 - 06:37

Jiulou Zhang, Junwei Shi, Xu Cao, Fei Liu, Jing Bai, Jianwen LuoIn order to obtain precise reconstruction results in fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT), large-scale matrix equations would be solved in the inverse problem generally. Thus, much time and memory needs to be consumed. In this paper, a permissible region extraction strategy is proposed to solve ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1886-1894 (2014)] 2014/08/01 - 06:37

Chao Lin, Xueju Shen, Zhisong WangWe report an asymmetric optical information hiding method based on a rotating analyzer ellipsometry technique. This asymmetric hiding architecture not only avoids the interception of keys during transmission or distribution but also makes the cyphertext more inconspicuous for attackers. A new kind ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1895-1903 (2014)] 2014/08/01 - 06:37

Eric Kirchner, Alejandro FerreroFlake-based parameters were recently introduced as a physical concept to predict a series of measurement geometries producing similar reflection data for effect paints. We derive expressions to calculate these so-called isochromatic lines, connecting the two Helmholtz-reciprocal in-plane geometries ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1861-1867 (2014)] 2014/08/01 - 06:37

Italo ToselliIn this paper, the concept of anisotropy at different atmospheric turbulence scales is introduced. A power spectrum and its associated structure function with inner and outer scale effects and anisotropy are also shown. The power spectrum includes an effective anisotropic parameter ζ_eff to ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1868-1875 (2014)] 2014/08/01 - 06:37

Meghdoot Mozumder, Tanja Tarvainen, Jari P. Kaipio, Simon R. Arridge, Ville KolehmainenDiffuse optical tomography is a highly unstable problem with respect to modeling and measurement errors. During clinical measurements, the body shape is not always known, and an approximate model domain has to be employed. The use of an incorrect model domain can, however, lead to significant ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1847-1855 (2014)] 2014/08/01 - 06:37

Haizi Yao, Shuncong ZhongThe spoof surface plasmon polariton (SPP) effect on the electromagnetic field distribution near the tip of a periodically corrugated metal cylinder–cone probe working at the terahertz regime was studied. We found that radially polarized terahertz radiation could be coupled effectively ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1856-1860 (2014)] 2014/08/01 - 06:37

Matthias Hillenbrand, Damien P. Kelly, Stefan SinzingerIn this paper, we present sampling conditions for fast-Fourier-transform-based field propagations. The input field and the propagation kernel are analyzed in a combined manner to derive sampling criteria that guarantee accurate calculation results in the output plane. These sampling criteria are ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1832-1841 (2014)] 2014/07/26 - 10:51

Freddie Santiago, Brett Bagwell, Ty Martinez, Sergio Restaino, Sanjay KrishnaWe report a full design process—finite element modeling, fabrication, and characterization—of adaptive doublet polymer lenses. A first-order model was developed and used to design fluidic doublets, analogous to their glass counterparts. Two constant-volume fluidic chambers were ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1842-1846 (2014)] 2014/07/26 - 10:51

David P. Nicholls, Fernando Reitich, Timothy W. Johnson, Sang-Hyun OhThe scattering of time-harmonic linear waves by periodic media arises in a wide array of applications from materials science and nondestructive testing to remote sensing and oceanography. In this work we have in mind applications in optics, more specifically plasmonics, and the surface plasmon ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1820-1831 (2014)] 2014/07/25 - 02:56

R. Cao, M. Castle, W. Sawatwarakul, M. Fairchild, R. Kuehni, R. ShameyTwo psychophysical experiments were conducted at North Carolina State University (NCSU) and Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) to obtain replicated perceived saturation data from color normal observers on the order of one unit of saturation. The same 37 Munsell sample sheets, including up to ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1773-1781 (2014)] 2014/07/25 - 02:56

Olga Korotkova, Serkan Sahin, Elena ShchepakinaWe introduce analytical models for scattering potentials of particles that have ellipsoid-, cylinder-, and parallelepiped-like shapes and adjustable edge sharpness with the help of the three-dimensional versions of the multi-Gaussian functions. The far fields produced upon scattering from such ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1782-1787 (2014)] 2014/07/23 - 13:58

Curtis Jin, Raj Rao Nadakuditi, Eric Michielssen, Stephen C. RandRecent theoretical and experimental advances have shed light on the existence of so-called “perfectly transmitting” wavefronts with transmission coefficients close to 1 in strongly backscattering random media. These perfectly transmitting eigen-wavefronts can be synthesized by spatial ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1788-1800 (2014)] 2014/07/23 - 13:58

V. Katkovnik, J. Bioucas-DiasPhase-shifting interferometry is a coherent optical method that combines high accuracy with high measurement speeds. This technique is therefore desirable in many applications such as the efficient industrial quality inspection process. However, despite its advantageous properties, the inference of ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1801-1810 (2014)] 2014/07/23 - 13:58

Tiago José Arruda, Alexandre Souto Martinez, Felipe A. PinheiroWe address electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering by an infinite coated cylinder at an arbitrary incidence angle. The time-averaged EM energy stored inside the core-shell cylinder is analytically calculated for TM- and TE-polarized incident plane waves. An analytical expression relating the internal ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1811-1819 (2014)] 2014/07/23 - 13:58

Mikhail I. CharnotskiiThe Markov approximation for waves in random media specifies that, under strong scintillation conditions, the optical field of unbounded waves has a normal probability distribution with zero mean. Using the coherence function provided by the Markov approximation, we calculate statistics of the ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1766-1772 (2014)] 2014/07/23 - 13:58

Chaohong Huang, Helin LuA new family of finite-energy accelerating beams was constructed through misplacing the Hermite polynomial and Gaussian window function. The closed-form solution of k-space spectra and paraxial propagation of these beams are derived from the Fourier transform and the scalar angle spectra integral. ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1762-1765 (2014)] 2014/07/16 - 14:11

Danjie Cai, Xiaojuan Zhao, Yuting Cen, Chujun Zheng, Peng HanBy using the Hilbert–Huang transform, a novel method is proposed to perform the task of particle sizing and axial locating directly from in-line digital holograms rather than reconstructing the optical field. The intensity distribution of the particle hologram is decomposed into intrinsic ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1747-1753 (2014)] 2014/07/16 - 14:11

Daniele Pelliccia, David M. PaganinWaveguides for short-wavelength x-rays have been successfully employed for microbeam and nanobeam production and microscopy experiments. The coherence of hard x-ray sources is generally poor, and therefore the spatial coherence filtering characteristics of waveguides have been attractive for ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1754-1761 (2014)] 2014/07/16 - 14:11

Carlos Pérez-Arancibia, Oscar P. BrunoThis paper presents high-order integral equation methods for the evaluation of electromagnetic wave scattering by dielectric bumps and dielectric cavities on perfectly conducting or dielectric half-planes. In detail, the algorithms introduced in this paper apply to eight classical scattering ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 1738-1746 (2014)] 2014/07/16 - 14:11