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Journal of the Optical Society of America A

Wenguo Zhu, Weilong SheAn accelerating beam with a Gaussian transverse profile can preserve its shape while propagating along a quarter of a circle. When an off-axis spiral phase is imposed, however, the beam will have an additional acceleration perpendicular to the circle. A two-dimensional accelerating beam is ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2365-2369 (2014)] 2014/10/04 - 16:30

William R. Heinson, Amitabha Chakrabarti, Christopher M. SorensenThis paper demonstrates the manner in which the Mie results for light scattering by a three-dimensional sphere of arbitrary size and refractive index crosses over to Fraunhofer diffraction by a two-dimensional circular aperture of the same radius in the limit of very large radius. Demonstration is ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2362-2364 (2014)] 2014/10/04 - 16:30

Yang Li, Zhuqing Zhu, Xiaolei Wang, Liping Gong, Ming Wang, Shouping NieThe propagation characteristics of an off-axis high-order cylindrical vector beam (OHCVB) are studied in this paper. The analytic expressions for the electric field and intensity distribution of the OHCVB propagating in free space are presented, to our knowledge for the first time. The transverse ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2356-2361 (2014)] 2014/10/04 - 16:30

Jie Li, Dan Dault, Naveen Nair, Balasubramaniam ShankerIntegral equation-based analysis of scattering from dielectric objects has been a topic of research for many decades. Different integral equation formulations, discretization methods, and comparative data of their relative advantages have been well studied. Traditional discretization methods ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2346-2355 (2014)] 2014/10/04 - 16:30

Antony Schutz, André Ferrari, David Mary, Ferréol Soulez, Éric Thiébaut, Martin VannierAstronomical optical interferometers sample the Fourier transform of the intensity distribution of a source at the observation wavelength. Because of rapid perturbations caused by atmospheric turbulence, the phases of the complex Fourier samples (visibilities) cannot be directly exploited. ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2334-2345 (2014)] 2014/10/04 - 16:30

David L. Leong, Louise Rainford, Tamara Miner Haygood, Gary J. Whitman, William R. Geiser, Tanya W. Stephens, Paul L. Davis, Patrick C. BrennanCurrent literature shows that radiologist experience does not affect detection tasks when the object does not require medical training to detect. However, the research was never sufficiently detailed to examine if the contrast detection threshold is also the same for radiologists versus ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2328-2333 (2014)] 2014/10/03 - 10:59

Xiaofei Wu, Shiyuan Liu, Wen Lv, Edmund Y. LamMask optimization is essential in the resolution scaling of optical lithography due to its strong ability to overcome the optical proximity effect. However, it often demands extensive computation in solving the nonlinear optimization problem with a large number of variables. In this paper, we use a ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, B1-B9 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 13:49

Ara A. Asatryan, Lindsay C. Botten, Kejie Fang, Shanhui Fan, Ross C. McPhedranThe construction of Green’s tensor for two-dimensional gyrotropic photonic clusters composed of cylinders with circular cross sections using the semi-analytic multipole method is presented. The high efficiency and accuracy of the method is demonstrated. The developed method is applied to ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2294-2303 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 13:49

Jingfei Ye, Zhishan Gao, Shuai Wang, Jinlong Cheng, Wei Wang, Wenqing SunFour orthogonal polynomials for reconstructing a wavefront over a square aperture based on the modal method are currently available, namely, the 2D Chebyshev polynomials, 2D Legendre polynomials, Zernike square polynomials and Numerical polynomials. They are all orthogonal over the full unit square ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2304-2311 (2014)] 2014/09/26 - 13:49

Wanli Tu, Shuncong Zhong, Yaochun Shen, Qing Zhou, Ligang YaoExperimental investigations have shown that terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI) is able to quantitatively characterize a range of multilayered media (e.g., biological issues, pharmaceutical tablet coatings, layered polymer composites, etc.). Advanced modeling of the interaction of terahertz radiation ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2285-2293 (2014)] 2014/09/25 - 12:10

Xun Wang, Zhirong Liu, Daomu ZhaoAnalytical expressions for the three components of nonparaxial propagation of a polarized elliptical Gaussian vortex beam in uniaxial crystal orthogonal to the optical axis are derived. Intensity and phase distributions of the three components of a polarized elliptical Gaussian vortex beam ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2268-2274 (2014)] 2014/09/20 - 00:28

Manuel E. Solano, Muhammad Faryad, Akhlesh Lakhtakia, Peter B. MonkOptimal design of photovoltaic devices with a periodically corrugated metallic backreflector requires a rapid and reliable way to simulate the optical characteristics for wide ranges of wavelengths and angles of incidence. Two independent numerical techniques are needed for confidence in numerical ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2275-2284 (2014)] 2014/09/20 - 00:28

Daqing PiaoPart VI analytically examines time-domain (TD) photon diffusion in a homogeneous medium enclosed by a “concave” circular cylindrical applicator or enclosing a “convex” circular cylindrical applicator, both geometries being infinite in the longitudinal dimension. The aim ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2232-2243 (2014)] 2014/09/20 - 00:28

Ivan Moreno, Y. Jauregui-Sánchez, Maximino Avendaño-AlejoDetermining the invisibility of an optical cloak intended to hide something has become a complex problem in recent years. There are many invisibility mechanisms, the performance is quite different from technique to technique, and it is desirable to have a precise metric for their comparison. Here, ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2244-2248 (2014)] 2014/09/20 - 00:28

Simon Félix, Agnès Maurel, Jean-François MercierWe present an efficient Fourier modal method for wave scattering by perfectly conducting gratings (in the two polarizations). The method uses a geometrical transformation, similar to the one used in the C-method, that transforms the grating surface into a flat surface, thus avoiding to question the ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2249-2255 (2014)] 2014/09/20 - 00:28

Arash Rashidi, M. T. Chryssomallis, D. E. AnagnostouIn this work, we introduce an efficient computational scheme, based on the macro basis function method, to analyze the scattering of a plane wave by V-shaped plasmonic optical nanoantennas. The polarization currents and scattered fields for the both symmetric and antisymmetric excitations are ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2256-2262 (2014)] 2014/09/20 - 00:28

Shiping Zhan, Hongjian Li, Guangtao Cao, Zhihui He, Boxun Li, Hui XuWe propose compact and switchable optical filters based on nano-block loaded rectangular rings, and investigate the selection property numerically and theoretically. A simple and convenient phase model is established for the theoretical analysis. The dependent factors, such as the number, size, and ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2263-2267 (2014)] 2014/09/20 - 00:28

Seyyed Hossein Asadpour, H. Rahimpour SoleimaniPhase control of two weak probe lights’ transmission and reflection based biexciton coherence in a defect dielectric medium doped by four-level GaAs/AlGaAs multiple quantum wells with 15 periods of 17.5 nm GaAs wells and 15 nm Al_0.3Ga_0.7As barriers is theoretically investigated. ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2223-2231 (2014)] 2014/09/20 - 00:28

Linling Qin, Lin Qian, Jingchi YuAn accurate evaluation method is proposed for comprehensively characterizing ophthalmic freeform lenses (OFLs) by computing the curvatures of the freeform surface at an arbitrary direction in the transformed Cartesian coordinates based on space analytic geometry. The proposed method could ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2210-2216 (2014)] 2014/09/13 - 22:24

Juan Zhao, Wei WangA novel optical geometry for direct visualization of the optical coherence function is proposed. The diffractions of partially coherent light by apertures with various forms are experimentally investigated, and the full-field spatial coherence functions have been observed by using the proposed ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2217-2222 (2014)] 2014/09/13 - 22:24

Jun Niu, Ma Luo, Yuan Fang, Qing Huo LiuExtreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography is an emerging technology for high-density semiconductor patterning. Multilayer distortion caused by mask defects is regarded as one of the critical challenges of EUV lithography. To simulate the influence of the defected nanoscale structures with high accuracy ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2203-2209 (2014)] 2014/09/12 - 20:05

Richa Sharma, J. Solomon Ivan, C. S. NarayanamurthyThe propagation of a coherent laser wave-field through a pseudo-random phase plate is studied using the variance matrix estimated from Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor data. The uncertainty principle is used as a tool in discriminating the data obtained from the Shack–Hartmann ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2185-2191 (2014)] 2014/09/11 - 07:32

Shukun Song, Neng Wang, Wanli Lu, Zhifang LinOptical forces are calculated for a dielectric spherical particle illuminated by a zero-order Bessel beam based on both the generalized Lorenz–Mie theory (GLMT) and the ray optics method (ROM). Particles with positive and negative refractive indices are examined. The peculiar characteristics ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2192-2197 (2014)] 2014/09/11 - 07:32

Yahya BaykalFor the collimated and focused cross beams, the on-axis scintillation index is evaluated when these beams propagate in weak non-Kolmogorov turbulence. In the limiting cases, our solution correctly reduces to the known Gaussian beam scintillations in Kolmogorov turbulence. For both the collimated ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2198-2202 (2014)] 2014/09/11 - 07:32

R. Casini, P. G. NelsonWe derive from first principles the expression for the angular/wavelength distribution of the intensity diffracted by a blazed reflective grating, according to a scalar theory of diffraction. We considered the most common case of a groove profile with rectangular apex. Our derivation correctly ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2179-2184 (2014)] 2014/09/11 - 07:32

Jakob Rosenkrantz de Lasson, Philip Trøst Kristensen, Jesper Mørk, Niels GregersenWe present a numerical method for calculating quasi-normal modes of open nanophotonic structures. The method is based on scattering matrices and a unity eigenvalue of the roundtrip matrix of an internal cavity, and we develop it in detail with electromagnetic fields expanded on Bloch modes of ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2142-2151 (2014)] 2014/09/08 - 23:16

Gaofeng Wu, Taco D. VisserWe derive expressions for the far-zone correlation of intensity fluctuations (the Hanbury Brown–Twiss effect) that occurs in electromagnetic beams that are generated by quasi-homogeneous sources. Such sources often have a radiant intensity pattern that is rotationally symmetric, irrespective ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2152-2159 (2014)] 2014/09/08 - 23:16

Zhai Mengran, Lü Qieni, Zhang Hongxia, Zhang YinxinA new geometric optics model has been developed for the calculation of light scattering by a coated sphere, and the analytic expression for scattering is presented according to whether rays hit the core or not. The ray of various geometric optics approximation (GOA) terms is parameterized by the ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2160-2169 (2014)] 2014/09/08 - 23:16

Ying Zhong, Hongkun Zhou, Haitao LiuThe Fabry–Perot model is proposed to analyze the wavelength-selective transmission behaviors of the metal–dielectric–metal waveguide with a rectangular side-coupled cavity. The guided modes propagating in the waveguide and the cavity are extracted by the aperiodic Fourier modal ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2170-2173 (2014)] 2014/09/08 - 23:16

Kofi Edee, Mira Abboud, Gérard Granet, Jean Francois Cornet, Jéremi DauchetThe work presented here focuses on the numerical modeling of cylindrical structure eigenmodes with an arbitrary cross section using Gegenbauer polynomials. The new eigenvalue equation leads to considerable reduction in computation time compared to the previous formulation. The main idea of this new ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2174-2178 (2014)] 2014/09/08 - 23:16

John Hunt, Jonah Gollub, Tom Driscoll, Guy Lipworth, Alex Mrozack, Matthew S. Reynolds, David J. Brady, David R. SmithWe demonstrate a microwave imaging system that combines advances in metamaterial aperture design with emerging computational imaging techniques. The flexibility inherent to guided-wave, complementary metamaterials enables the design of a planar antenna that illuminates a scene with dramatically ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2109-2119 (2014)] 2014/09/03 - 18:26

Riccardo BorghiA simple theoretical approach to evaluate the scalar wavefield, produced, within paraxial approximation, by the diffraction of monochromatic plane waves impinging on elliptic apertures or obstacles is presented. We find that the diffracted field can be mathematically described in terms of a Fourier ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2120-2130 (2014)] 2014/09/03 - 18:26

Shuma Horiuchi, Shuhei Yoshida, Manabu YamamotoWe propose a ray tracing method for a radial gradient-index (GRIN) rod lens with an eccentric refractive index distribution. Radial GRIN rod lenses are typically treated as being rotationally symmetric around the optical axis. However, there are several eccentricities of the refractive index ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2131-2134 (2014)] 2014/09/03 - 18:26

Mark A. Patrick, Colin D. Joye, Frank C. De LuciaActive illumination is an attractive approach for millimeter and submillimeter wave imaging because of its generally larger signal margins and capacity for range determination. However, the resultant speckle from diffuse targets and the requirement that specular targets have strategic angular ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2135-2141 (2014)] 2014/09/03 - 18:26

Shuo Liu, Hao Chi Zhang, He-Xiu Xu, Tie Jun CuiBased on the concept of the scattering cancellation technique, we propose a nonideal ultrathin mantle cloak that can efficiently suppress the total scattering cross sections of an electrically large conducting cylinder (over one free-space wavelength). The cloaking mechanism is investigated in ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2075-2082 (2014)] 2014/08/30 - 19:16

Yangjian Cai, Yahong Chen, Fei WangPartially coherent beams with nonconventional correlation functions have displayed many extraordinary properties, such as self-focusing and self-splitting, which are totally different from those of partially coherent beams with conventional Gaussian correlated Schell-model functions and are useful ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2083-2096 (2014)] 2014/08/30 - 19:16

Christopher B. Croke, R. Andrew HicksHere we present a method for the coupled design of four freeform reflective surfaces that will control a bundle of rays. By this, we mean that given an input bundle of rays, we can construct an optical system that will map it to a given output bundle, where a ray-to-ray correspondence is realized ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2097-2104 (2014)] 2014/08/30 - 19:16

Xi-Hao Chen, Shuang-Shuang Wu, Wei Wu, Wang-Yuan Guo, Shao-Ying Meng, Zhi-Bin Sun, Guang-Jie Zhai, Ming-Fei Li, Ling-An WuA modified Nth-order correlation function is derived that can effectively remove the noise background encountered in high-order thermal light ghost imaging (GI). Based on this, the quality of the reconstructed images in an Nth-order lensless GI setup has been greatly enhanced compared to former ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2105-2108 (2014)] 2014/08/30 - 19:16

Daguang Xu, Yong Huang, Jin U. KangIn this work, we propose a novel dispersion compensation method that enables real-time compressive sensing (CS) spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT) image reconstruction. We show that dispersion compensation can be incorporated into CS SD OCT by multiplying the ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2064-2069 (2014)] 2014/08/26 - 16:30

Di FengBy using a gold bowtie nanoantenna at the focal plane of a plasmonic Fresnel zone plate lens, we numerically demonstrate that the focused beam spot can be strongly confined in a three-dimensional (3D) region, which means the focal spot will have high axial resolution as well as high lateral ... [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 31, 2070-2074 (2014)] 2014/08/26 - 16:30