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Kosmos
Astronomia Astrofizyka
Inne

Kultura
Sztuka dawna i współczesna, muzea i kolekcje

Metoda
Metodologia nauk, Matematyka, Filozofia, Miary i wagi, Pomiary

Materia
Substancje, reakcje, energia
Fizyka, chemia i inżynieria materiałowa

Człowiek
Antropologia kulturowa Socjologia Psychologia Zdrowie i medycyna

Wizje
Przewidywania Kosmologia Religie Ideologia Polityka

Ziemia
Geologia, geofizyka, geochemia, środowisko przyrodnicze

Życie
Biologia, biologia molekularna i genetyka

Cyberprzestrzeń
Technologia cyberprzestrzeni, cyberkultura, media i komunikacja

Działalność
Wiadomości | Gospodarka, biznes, zarządzanie, ekonomia

Technologie
Budownictwo, energetyka, transport, wytwarzanie, technologie informacyjne

Journal of Information and Organizational Sciences

Dear authors, readers and future authors,It is my pleasure to present you the 1st number of the 36th volume of the Journal of Information and Organizational Sciences – JIOS.In this issue a selection of 5 original scienti! c papers and 1 survey paper has been included, all of which have undergone a rigorous double-blind review process in some cases in several rounds.As in prior issues of the Journal, this one also comprises papers that cover themes from various ICT fields: computer programming, mobile technologies, symbolic logic in the field of informationsciences, business processes, formal concept analysis, data analysis, management and other related themes. We hope that the variety of themes will draw the attention of researchers in di" erent ICT fields and motivate potential authors to expand the Journal’s thematic scope by other themes that may be of interest to the wider ICT research community.I would like to use this opportunity to encourage prospective authors among you, dear readers, to submit papers at http://jios.foi.hr. You are also invited to share with us your comments or critical remarks regarding the papers previously published in the Journal. Further, we would appreciate your willingness to become a reviewer for submitted papers and thus contribute signi! cantly to the rising quality of JIOS.So far JIOS has been indexed in nine well known databases. We are continuously investing a lot of effort to extend the list of databases where JIOS would be cited, in order to make the published papers available to a larger readers’ audience, and give your research a greater impact factor.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/786 2012/12/08 - 01:10

Here you can download journal cover pages.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/785 2012/12/08 - 01:10

Common goal of descriptive data mining techniques is presenting new information in concise, easily interpretable and understandable ways. Hierarchical clustering technique for example enables simple visualization of distances between analyzed objects or attributes. However, common distance measures used by existing data mining tools are usually not well suited for analyzing transactional data using this particular technique. Including new types of measures specifically aimed at transactional data can make hierarchical clustering a much more feasible choice for transactional data analysis. This paper presents and analyzes convenient measure types, providing methods of transforming them to represent distances between transaction elements more appropriately. Developed measures are implemented, verified and compared in hierarchical clustering analysis on both artificial data as well as referent transactional datasets.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/210 2012/12/08 - 01:10

The increasing amount and importance of user-generated content that is available in the web necessitates methods of its effective and efficient utilization. In this paper a system is presented that enables automated classification of user reviews concerning the usage motives mentioned in the reviews. Four possible applications of the system are discussed in detail in the course of this paper: a learning environment for mobile app development, a download prognosis mechanism, an app prizing decision support system, and a recommendation system. These applications are evaluated concerning state-of-the-art methods that currently address the challenge as well as advantages of the implementation of a motive-based system in the particular business processes.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/218 2012/12/08 - 01:10

The article deals with the idea of computer emulation using the GPGPU technology in order to get performance improvements. Basic assumptions for using stream processing in computer emulation effectively are discussed and the structure of an emulator, together with the emulation technique are proposed. The emulator structure, in this case, is of distributed nature, so the communication issues are treated too. As an example demonstrating the viability of the proposal, Random Access Machine (RAM) emulator is given within the paper.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/225 2012/12/08 - 01:10

The main objective of this paper is to systematically analyze the performance of water samples classifications for different data representations. We compare the classification of full data representation to the classification of data items in lower dimensional space obtained by projection of original data on the space of first principal components and further on the space of centroids of classes.  We use linear support vector machines for classification of ground water samples collected from five different localities of Odra River basin and results are evaluated by standard measures including recall, precision and F1measure.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/400 2012/12/08 - 01:10

Reflection and reflective programming can be used for a wide range of tasks such as implementationof serialization-like operations, remote procedure calls, scripting, automated GUIgeneration,implementation of several software design patterns, etc. C++ as one of the mostprevalent programming languages however, for various reasons, lacks a standardized reflectionfacility. In this paper we present Mirror - a portable library adding reflection to C++ with acommand-line utility automating its usage. This library supports functional style static compiletimereflection and metaprogramming and also provides two different object-oriented run-timepolymorphic layers for dynamic reflection.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/204 2012/12/08 - 01:10

In this paper we describe the application of Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) for analysis of data tables with different types of attributes. FCA represents one of the conceptual data mining methods. The main limitation of FCA in classical case is the exclusive usage of binary attributes. More complex attributes then should be converted into binary tables. In our approach, called Generalized One-Sided Concept Lattices, we provide a method which deal with different types of attributes (e.g., ordinal, nominal, etc.) within one data table. Therefore, this method allows to create same FCA-based output in form of concept lattice with the precise many-valued attributes and the same interpretation of concept hierarchy as in the classical FCA, without the need for specific unified preprocessing of attribute values.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/228 2012/12/08 - 01:10

Here you can download cover pages.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/264 2012/12/08 - 01:10

This issue of the journal JIOS, “Journal of Information and OrganizationalSciences” presents a selection of the papers presented at the 15th InternationalConference on Information and Intelligent Systems held in Varaždin, September2004. The papers were selected after thorough review of at least two internationalreferees. The papers are arranged in alphabetic order, according the surname of thefirst author as referential.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/244 2012/12/08 - 01:10

These three technologies were and still are mainly treated separately. Since notmuch work has been carried out in defining and combining them together, we are going topresent what has been done and put accent on what could be done. Namely, they rely uponsimilar paradigms and concepts, as will be shown later on, and can be treated ascomplementary technologies. In this paper we will show that reactive agents reactaccording to some set of business rules and active databases can be used as a suitablemeans for implementing business rules and in those way reactive agents as well. Sincereactive agents have been well defined, recent improvements in the fields of activedatabases technology and especially business rules provide the reason to consider thebenefits to be achieved from combining these fields.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/243 2012/12/08 - 01:10

One of the high interesting areas in the distributed systems is the problem ofbuilding and running pervasive computing services for mobile users. The central point forbuilding such a services is to appropriately model the physical and data environment. In thispaper we concentrate on the data part of such an environment that would enable creating ageneral scheme for a category of flexible services for mobile users. We define the basicprofile of the users and methods, how the services should deal with the profiles. Formodeling the presence of the user in the data environment (even if he/she is off-line) theagent-based solution was chosen, so the distributed system is build as a multi-agent system.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/242 2012/12/08 - 01:10

Investments into information technology (IT), (hereinafter: IT investments) havereached very high figures, which are still continually on the rise. IT potentials are being usedin an increasing number of ways. Various company managers have different approaches tothis issue. A large number of methods/models for the assessment of IT investments isavailable, so the question is posed of how to choose the adequate assessment category. Thesaid reasons have initiated a need for defining the generic approach in the choice ofadequate methodology for the assessment of IT investments, which was indeed the goal ofthis paper. General ideas to this approach stem from the fact that each IT investment has itspurpose and belongs to a certain type of IT investment (decision-making aspect) whichdemands its relevant methodology for assessing IT investments. Two groups of demands(conditions) have been defined in choosing relevant methodology. The first group pertains tomethodology analysis and determination of its compatibility with characteristics of thedefined decision-making aspect. The second group of conditions pertains to methodologyanalysis with respect to its possibilities (abilities) of integrating quantity, quality and riskfactors of IT decision. Conducted field research shows that the assessment of IT investmentshas been done mainly using simpler methods/models and their combinations, and is focusedon quantity aspects of IT values.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/241 2012/12/08 - 01:10

Personalised, location-related and differentiated services in the mobile digitaleconomy create a demand for suitable pricing models. In the case of disaggregated“microservices” (e.g., small digitalized information or service units), as well as for theacquisition of low-value physical goods, the deployment of micropayments seemsappropriate.This paper analyzes the economic efficiency of marginal transaction amounts in the mcommercearea by applying the theoretical approach of transaction cost economics. Forthis purpose, a separation of technical and cognitive transaction costs is applied. Theinfluence of selected determinants such as specifity, uncertainty and bounded rationality ontransaction costs in mobile commerce micropayments is analyzed. The result is a morelikely application of micropayments for physical goods such as beverages or parking ticketsthan for digital goods and services, given the theoretical assumptions of the model. Inaddition, indicators for a significant above-zero lower limit of transaction amounts inmobile commerce are presented.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/240 2012/12/08 - 01:10

This paper presents some interesting aspects of the rich world of computermodelling and problem solving. After discussing basic model building principles attentionis devoted to several modelling methods aimed for solving different types of problems.These are methods for modelling of optimisation problems, dynamic systems with randomcharacteristics, knowledge, uncertain phenomena, systems with graph structure, learning,as well as cooperation and competition. Basic characteristics of these methods andexamples of their application are given.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/239 2012/12/08 - 01:10

The so-called self-referential puzzles are a very interesting kind of logic puzzles,aiming at developing the skill of logical thinking. A self-referential puzzle consists of asequence of questions about the puzzle itself. In this paper, we shall show some selfreferentialpuzzles, demonstrate how to model and solve them as propositional logicproblems, and how to mechanically generate new puzzles. For this, we shall make use ofthe specific advantages of Mozart/Oz system – the finite domain constraint programminglanguage and environment.We shall also show some new puzzles, according to our best knowledge not yet publishedelsewhere. The program in Mozart/Oz using our method generated these puzzles.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/238 2012/12/08 - 01:10

All the papers in this issue of the JIOS Journal may fit into the Science as Usual categoryand are therefore not going to be dealt with in detail in the introduction. However, for oneof the papers included an exception has been provided, namely the paper Sigma-notationand the equivalence of P and NP classes by Miron Ivanovich Telpiz. The circumstancesleading to its publication in this issue of JIOS are presented by the editors in this preface.It is generally acknowledged that, ever since it was defined by S. Cook over thirty yearsago, P = NP has presented one of the major open problems in computing science andinformation science in general. Whereas, on one hand, this problem presents a formidablechallenge to any scientist dealing with it, its solution, especially in case it should turn out tobe a positive one considering that current technology tends to evolve in a practicaldirection and its overall functioning is conducted implicitly under the assumption of anegative solution would have a major impact on the development of informationtechnology as well as the wider context of human society as a whole. Apart from being putforward in conferences, both positive and negative “solutions” to P = NP problem can beoccasionally found in press, scientific and professional journals. The web page titled “Pversus-NP Page” (see http://www.win.tue.nl/~gwoegi/P-versus-NP.htm) provides anexcellent source for this issue. It contains links to papers stating that P = NP, as well asthose contradicting the opposite, i.e., stating that P NP. Furthermore, references are givento Oded Goldreich's rationale behind his decision not to review papers proposing solutionsto P = NP problem and related difficult problems because, in his own words, they “alsoattract the attention of non-experts, and one annoying consequence is a flood of falseclaims of resolutions of these problems” (see http://www.wisdom.weizmann.ac.il/~oded/faq.html). Dr. Goldreich a recognised figure amongmathematicians of our time – recommends other scientists to follow his example when thisissue is concerned. Nevertheless, his arguments (at least those regarding non-experts) aredefinitely not to be acknowledged in the case of the work of the Russian mathematician andlogician Miron Ivanovich Telpiz, (see http://www.tarusa.ru/~mit/ENG/eng.php for details),who has been developing his positionality theory for functions, with a special emphasis onBoolean functions, for over two decades. While doing so, he has been drawing its(primarily conceptual) analogy to positionality theory for number systems. Building on hisextensive theory, which is combinatory very complex one indeed, Dr. Telpiz states theproof of P = NP. The underlying theory itself was proposed in the first volume of his bookPositionality principle for notation and calculation the functions, originally published inRussian by the Institute of Space Researches of the Russian Academy of Science. It was dueto this book that contacts between a member of the Editorial Board and Dr. Telpiz, as wellas Dr. Andrej Fomin, his assistant and associate, were established. During those contactsthe idea evolved of Dr. Tepiz delivering an invited lecture at the IIS2004 Conference.Annual IIS Conferences have been organized by the Faculty of Organization andInformatics for years. A lecture on proving the statement P = NP was arranged.Unfortunately, Dr. Telpiz was eventually not capable of giving the lecture. Nevertheless, heproposed for his lecture to be published in form of an article in the JIOS Journal. Uponreceiving the Russian version of his article named Sigma-notation and the equivalence of Pand NP classes, the Editorial Board had it translated into English and proceeded to havingit reviewed. The paper was sent to several renowned world experts in the field of Booleanfunctions, mathematical logic and algorithm theory for review. Yet, no response wasreceived from reviewers contacted although the Editorial Board and Dr. Telpiz made effortsfor access to all relevant papers, as well as the book itself, to be possible. Bearing in mindnot only the great relevance of P = NP problem but also the constant need for scientificideas and findings to be disseminated, the JIOS Editorial Board has decided to have Dr.Telpiz's paper published although it had not been officially reviewed, which the authorhimself has consented to in writing. Owing to its inclusion in this issue, the paper is beingpresented to a wider scientific and professional audience who are thus given an opportunityto both consider and assess it from their own perspective.Editors

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/237 2012/12/08 - 01:10

After production and operations, finance and investments are one of the mostfrequent areas of neural network applications in business. The lack of standardizedparadigms that can determine the efficiency of certain NN architectures in a particularproblem domain is still present. The selection of NN architecture needs to take intoconsideration the type of the problem, the nature of the data in the model, as well as somestrategies based on result comparison. The paper describes previous research in that areaand suggests a forward strategy for selecting best NN algorithm and structure. Since thestrategy includes both parameter-based and variable-based testings, it can be used forselecting NN architectures as well as for extracting models. The backpropagation, radialbasis,modular, LVQ and probabilistic neural network algorithms were used on twoindependent sets: stock market and credit scoring data. The results show that neuralnetworks give better accuracy comparing to multiple regression and logistic regressionmodels. Since it is model-independant, the strategy can be used by researchers andprofessionals in other areas of application.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/236 2012/12/08 - 01:10

The interest of firms in ERP systems has been echoed in both the scientific andprofessional literature. It is worth noting however that while this literature has becomeincreasingly abundant, there does not yet exist an operational definition of the ERP conceptthat is, if not unanimously, at least widely accepted. This constitutes a handicap for boththe research and practice communities. The present study outlines what could beconsidered as an ERP by first determining the essentially required characteristics of such asystem: integration, flexibility and transversality. Indicators are then provided in order tooperationalise these three characteristics. The study concludes by proposing a researchframework on the impact of an ERP’s key characteristics upon the performance of thesystem in a given organisational setting.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/235 2012/12/08 - 01:10

Many organizations collect large amounts of data to support their business anddecision-making processes. The data originate from a variety of sources that may haveinherent data-quality problems. These problems become more pronounced whenheterogeneous data sources are integrated (for example, in data warehouses). A majorproblem that arises from integrating different databases is the existence of duplicates. Thechallenge of de-duplication is identifying “equivalent” records within the database. Mostpublished research in de-duplication propose techniques that rely heavily on domainknowledge. A few others propose solutions that are partially domain-independent. Thispaper identifies two levels of domain-independence in de-duplication namely: domainindependenceat the attribute level, and domain-independence at the record level. Thepaper then proposes a positional algorithm that achieves domain-independent deduplicationat the attribute level, and a technique for field weighting by data profiling,which, when used with the positional algorithm, achieves domain-independence at therecord level. Experiments show that the proposed techniques achieve more accurate deduplicationthan the existing algorithms.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/234 2012/12/08 - 01:10

Demand markets dictate and pose increasingly more requirements to the supplymarket that are not easily satisfied. The supply market presenting its web pages to thedemand market should find the best and quickest ways to respond promptly to the changesdictated by the demand market. The question is how to do that in the most efficient andquickest way. The data on the usage of web pages on a specific web site are recorded in alog file. The data in a log file are stochastic and unordered and require systematicmonitoring, categorization, analyses, and weighing. From the data processed in this way, itis necessary to single out and sort the data by their importance that would be a basis for acontinuous generation of dynamics/changes to the web site pages in line with the criterionchosen. To perform those tasks successfully, a new software solution is required. For thatpurpose, the authors have developed the first version of the WLE (WebLogExplorer)software solution, which is actually realization of web page multidimensionality and theweb site as a whole. The WebLogExplorer enables statistical and semantic analysis of a logfile and on the basis thereof, multidimensional control of the web page dynamics. Theexperimental part of the work was done within the web site of HTZ (Croatian NationalTourist Board) being the main portal of the global tourist supply in the Republic of Croatia(on average, daily "log" consists of c. 600,000 sets, average size of log file is 127 Mb, andc. 7000-8000 daily visitors on the web site).

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/233 2012/12/08 - 01:10

To enable successful performance of any company or business system, both inthe world and in the Republic of Croatia, among many problems relating to its operationsand particularly to maximum utilization and efficiency of the Internet as a media forrunning business (especially in terms of marketing), they should make the best possible useof the present-day global trends and advantages of sophisticated technologies andapproaches to running a business. Bearing in mind the fact of daily increasing competitionand more demanding market, this paper addresses certain scientific and practicalcontribution to continuous analysis of demand market and adaptation thereto by analyzingthe log files and by retroactive effect on the web site. A log file is a carrier of numerousdata and indicators that should be used in the best possible way to improve the entirebusiness operations of a company. However, this is not always simple and easy. The websites differ in size, purpose, and technology used for designing them. For this very reason,the analytic analysis frameworks should be such that can cover any web site and at thesame time leave some space for analyzing and investigating the specific characteristicof each web site and provide for its dynamics by analyzing the log file records. Thoseconsiderations were a basis for this paper

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/232 2012/12/08 - 01:10

The viewpoint-oriented modeling consists in providing an unique modelaccessible by users with various access rights according to their needs. The system isrepresented as sub-systems (called sub-models). This cutting makes the design of systemeasier by an autonomous design of its sub-systems.UML is a standard modeling language and supports extension mechanism to allowtailoring UML to fit the needs of a specific domain. UML Profile is a predefined set ofextension mechanisms. UML profile allows the stakeholders of a certain domain to expressthe semantics of their systems using a well-defined set of extensions. In this paper wepropose an initial discussion on UML profile for viewpoint oriented modeling, whichextends the standard UML by incorporating new concepts like views, viewpoints, flexible,visibility relationships, etc.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/231 2012/12/08 - 01:10

The aim of this paper is to show that –notation, based on the positionalityprinciple, doesn’t just answer the question of equivalence of P and NP problemclasses, but also represents the key to the solution of (some) more general problemsfrom the domain of multivalued logics. However, the achievement of such an aim inits full scope is hardly possible within the limits of this paper. Therefore, the followingplan shall be realized:Firstly, the logic algebra fragment necessary for the solution of the P and NPclasses equivalence problem shall be expounded.Secondly, the necessary symbols and definitions shall be introduced to show thatthe calculations in the domain of the multivalued logic can be directly executed withinthe framework of –notation.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/230 2012/12/08 - 01:10

Here you can download journal cover pages.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/221 2012/12/08 - 01:10

Dear authors, readers and future authors,It is my pleasure to present you the 2nd number of the 35th volume of the Journal of Information andOrganizational Sciences – JIOS.In this issue a selection of 3 original scientific papers and 1 survey paper have been included, all of which have undergone a rigorous double-blind review process. Some of the papers published here were already presented at the CECIIS 2011 Conference held in Varaždin between 21st and 23rdSeptember 2011. These papers were nominated for publishing in JIOS by the chairs of the conference tracks they were presented at on the account of their research quality.As in prior issues of the Journal, this one also comprises papers that cover themes from various ICT fields: computer programming, symbolic logic in the field of information sciences, business processes, management and other related themes. We hope that the variety of themes will draw the attentionof researchers in different ICT fields and motivate potential authors to expand the Journal’s thematic scope by other themes that may be of interest to the wider ICT research community.I would like to use this opportunity to encourage prospective authors among you, dear readers, to submit papers at jios.foi.hr. You are also invited to share with us your comments or critical remarks regarding the papers previously published in the Journal. Further, we would appreciate yourwillingness to become a peer-reviewed for submitted papers and thus contribute significantly to the rising quality of JIOS.So far JIOS has been indexed in eight well known databases and now this number has risen to nine, adding “Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts” to the database list. We are continuously investing a lot of effort to extend the list of databases where JIOS would be cited, in order to makethe published papers available to a larger readers’ audience, and give your research a greater impact factor.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/220 2012/12/08 - 01:10

We present the modeling of dynamical systems and finding of their complexity indicators by the use of concepts from computation and information theories, within the framework of J. P. Crutchfield's theory of  ε-machines. A short formal outline of the  ε-machines is given. In this approach, dynamical systems are analyzed directly from the time series that is received from a properly adjusted measuring instrument. The binary strings are parsed through the parse tree, within which morphologically and probabilistically unique subtrees or morphs are recognized as system states. The outline and precise interrelation of the information-theoretic entropies and complexities emanating from the model is given. The paper serves also as a theoretical foundation for the future presentation of the DSA program that implements the  ε-machines modeling up to the stochastic finite automata level.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/213 2012/12/08 - 01:10

Linear logic provides a logical perspective on computational issues such as control of resources and order of evaluation. The most important feature of linear logic is that formulae areconsidered as actions. While classical logic treats the sentences that are always true or false, in linear logic it depends on an internal state of a dynamic system. Curry-Howard correspondence is a correspondence between logic and computing in informatics. In this contribution we present two ways of computations which correctness we prove by Curry-Howard correspondence. We show a standard way and a new way of computing based on hylomorphism by using coalgebras which is an alternative method. Our method of recursive and corecursive computations we apply in simple authentication system.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/208 2012/12/08 - 01:10

BPMN and BPEL have become de facto standards for modeling of business processes and imple-mentation of business processes via Web services. There is a quintessential problem of discrep-ancy between these two approaches as they are applied in different phases of lifecycle and theirfundamental concepts are different — BPMN is a graph based language while BPEL is basicallya block-based programming language. This paper shows basic concepts and gives an overviewof research and ideas which emerged during last two years, presents state of the art and possiblefuture research directions. Systematic literature review was performed and critical review wasgiven regarding the potential of the given solutions.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/206 2012/12/08 - 01:10

There are numerous useful methods that can be conducted in data analysis in order to check data correctness and authenticity. One of contemporary and efficient methods is application of so-called Benford's Law. In this paper we examine ways of application of this law in investigation of specific net income number set. Our aim is to make a conclusion if this number set conforms to Benford's Law. An examination target focus is set on values of top 500 central and east European companies according to their income. Data set contains 1,500 records and spans through 3 years (2007, 2008 and 2009) including 500 net incomes per year. Research is based on net income profit and loss subsets as well as absolute values of net income. Analysis covers first digit Benford's Law test and proves conformance to Benford's Law of all observed subsets.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/205 2012/12/08 - 01:10

Here you can download journal cover pages.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/202 2011/06/29 - 22:06

Dear authors, readers and future authors,It is my pleasure to present you the 1st number of the 35th volume of the Journal of Information and Organizational Sciences – JIOS.In this issue a selection of 6 original scientific papers, 2 preliminary communications and 2 survey papers have been included, all of which have undergone a rigorous double-blind review process.Some of the papers published here were already presented at the CECIIS 2010 Conference held in Varaždin between 22nd and 24th September 2010. These papers were nominated for publishing in JIOS by the chairs of the conference tracks they were presented at on the account of their research quality.As in prior issues of the Journal, this one also comprises papers that cover themes from various ICT fields: databases, programming, IT supported learning, and other topics in the field of applied information sciences. We hope that the variety of themes will draw the attention of researchers in different ICT fields and motivate potential authors to expand the Journal’s thematic scope by other themes that may be of interest to the wider ICT research community.I would like to use this opportunity to encourage prospective authors among you, dear readers, to submit papers at jios.foi.hr. You are also invited to share with us your comments or critical remarks regarding the papers previously published in the Journal. Further, we would appreciate your willingness to become a peer-reviewed for submitted papers and thus contribute significantly to the rising quality of JIOS.So far JIOS has been indexed in seven well known databases and now this number has risen to nine, adding “SCOPUS” and “Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts” to the database list. We are continuously investing a lot of effort to extend the list of databases where JIOS would be cited, in order to make the published papers available to a larger readers’ audience, and give your research a greater impact factor.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/200 2011/06/29 - 22:06

There are various elements in designing e-teaching materials that could have an impact in raising the efficiency of e-learning. This paper is based on the experiments aiming to investigate whether there are certain positions on the monitor in which students are able to better perceive and/or remember e-teaching materials. Our research was carried out at the Juraj Dobrila University of Pula. Participants were first year students attending the teacher education programme (aged 19.5 – 20.5). The research design included two pre-experimental groups and one experimental group. The monitor was virtually divided into 24 zones. Students read the teaching material displayed on the screen; in each reading four texts in different positions were used. The relative ease/difficulty of remembering the text was taken into account by introducing different ponders to each text. Regarding the memory efficiency, our results show statistically significant differences between certain screen positions (these differences ranged from +29.6% to -42.6% from the average result). Keywords: efficient e-learning, text position on the screen

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/169 2011/06/29 - 22:06

Current practice of backing up data is based on using backup tapes and remote locations for storing data. Nowadays, with the advent of cloud computing a new concept of database backup emerges. The paper presents the possibility of making backup copies of data in the cloud. We are mainly focused on performance and economic issues of making backups in the cloud in comparison to traditional backups. We tested the performance and overall costs of making backup copies of data in Oracle database using Amazon S3 and EC2 cloud services. The costs estimation was performed on the basis of the prices published on Amazon S3 and Amazon EC2 sites.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/186 2011/06/29 - 22:06

Due to more and more demanding requirements for business flexibility and agility, automation of end-to-end industrial processes has become an important topic. Systems supporting business process execution need to enable automated tasks execution as well as integrate human performed tasks (human tasks) into a business process. In this paper, we focus on collaboration tasks, which are an important type of composite human tasks. We propose a service-oriented architectural framework describing a service responsible for human task execution (Human task service), which not only implements collaboration tasks but also improves their execution by automated and semi-automated decision making and collaboration based on ontologies and agent technology. The approach is very generic and can be used for any type of business processes. A case study was performed for a human task intensive business process from an electric power transmission domain.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/195 2011/06/29 - 22:06

This paper proposes an innovative framework for knowledge management in service-oriented systems. An important novelty of our framework is that it allows for automatic instance level evolution of the knowledge base and that it integrates conceptual level knowledge base evolution with the overall service-oriented system framework. In the paper, we identify several opportunities that have arisen in the field of knowledge management with the wider acceptance of SOA and its technology stack, and we present a framework that addresses these opportunities. We focus on ontology-based knowledge management systems, which have become one of the most important technologies for implementation of knowledge management systems. The framework reduces the required input for knowledge management by knowledge engineers, increases information completeness in the knowledge base and provides a simple way for storing more up-to-date information in the knowledge base.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/197 2011/06/29 - 22:06

Using of category theory in computer science has extremely grown in the last decade. Categories allow us to express mathematical structures in unified way. Algebras are used for constructing basic structures used in computer programs. A program can be considered as an element of the initial algebra arising from the used programming language. In our contribution we formulate two ways of expressing algebras in categories. We also construct the codomain functor from the arrow category of algebras into the base category of sets which objects are also the carrier-sets of the algebras. This functor expresses the relation between algebras and carrier-sets.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/187 2011/06/29 - 22:06

This paper presents the model of source code generator based on dynamic frames. The model is named as the SCT model because if its three basic components: Specification (S), which describes the application characteristics, Configuration (C), which describes the rules for building applications, and Templates (T), which refer to application building blocks. The process of code generation dynamically creates XML frames containing all building elements (S, C ant T) until final code is produced. This approach is compared to existing XVCL frames based model for source code generating. The SCT model is described by both XML syntax and the appropriate graphical elements. The SCT model is aimed to build complete applications, not just skeletons. The main advantages of the presented model are its textual and graphic description, a fully configurable generator, and the reduced overhead of the generated source code. The presented SCT model is shown on development of web application example in order to demonstrate its features and justify our design choices.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/184 2011/06/29 - 22:06

Unlearning is defined as throwing away concepts learnt in the past to give space for possible new learning. The learning process that supports deep change should be composed by different unlearning-learning phases, both at the individual level and at a more general organizational level. Must unlearning and relearning concepts be explicitly considered in business process reengineering based on the reorganization of information systems? This paper tries to answer this question, by describing the impact of change in information systems on the knowledge model of an organization. The analysis of a recent case study of information systems innovation, permit us to highlight common deficiencies in the design of information systems reengineering processes, particularly in SME. The paper ends with the suggestion of “good practices” that could permit the success of innovation processes by reducing the risk of failure due to excessive resistance to change.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/180 2011/06/29 - 22:06

The assessment of the acceptability and the value of IT projects in the public sector, especially when the projects feature the qualitative value along with the monetary one, is a complex problem. There are certain methodologies in the world though that help various organizations in decision-making process when projects are being chosen. The paper surveys the three IT projects public value assessing methodologies: the American Value Measuring Methodology, the French MAREVA, and the German WiBe. A comparison of the approaches to solving the problem of assessing public value of IT projects was thus made. The Analytic Hierarchy Process – a method of a multicriteria analysis of alternatives-was briefly presented. By the use of the Hierarchy Criteria Model in the way that respects all the basic characteristics that a methodology of the kind should feature in accordance with Gartner, a proposition of an IT project public value measurement methodology pattern was presented. The selection of projects with little value contribution if compared to the existing situation, the assessment of the acceptability of risk through the hierarchy structure of the value of a project and the aggregation of the value of separate PVIT dimensions is a contribution related to the methodology patterns that were surveyed.

http://jios.foi.hr/index.php/jios/article/view/174 2011/06/29 - 22:06