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Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK)

Title: Traditional drugs sold by herbal healers in Haridwar, India

Authors: Bharati, Kumar Avinash; Kumar, Mukesh

Abstract: The herbal healers are
descendants of ancient medicine men. They sell raw herbal drugs used against
various common ailments at road side. A total of 22 herbal raw samples were
purchased from these healers. The information on therapeutic properties, price,
dosage and duration of treatment has been documented. Out of them, 13 plant
species have been identified and their medicinal properties were compared with
the Indian Materia Medica. It has been observed that medicinal systems of the
herbal healers are independent (only 22.22% similarities) from Indian Materia

Page(s): 600-605 2014/07/18 - 23:15

Title: Study of Traditional handloom weaving by the Kom tribe of Manipur

Authors: Khatoon, Reshma; Das, AK; Dutta, BK; Singh, PK

Abstract: In the present paper traditional weaving and
related knowledge system of purposively selected villages are discussed, and in
this connection eight plant species are reported, which are used in weaving
handloom. Kom tribe of Manipur has
very rich traditional knowledge of crafts. These are the living testimonies of
their traditional knowledge and aesthetic value, which they have inherited from
their predecessors. The art of handloom weaving and the techniques they use are
indeed admirable. But the Kom like
any other tribal society has also been subjected to the challenges of
modernization and open market. As a result many of their indigenous artistic
works in making tools are now in danger. Therefore, every effort must be made
to preserve this traditional knowledge so that they can carry on with their
aesthetic beauty & knowledge into prosperity.

Page(s): 596-599 2014/07/18 - 23:15

Title: Painting on handloom cotton fabric with colourants extracted from natural sources

Authors: Maulik, Sankar Roy; Agarwal, Khusbu

Abstract: Cotton fabric was
painted with Rubia cordifolia, Laccifer lacca,
Acacia catechu, Punica granatum, Terminalia
chebula, Curcuma longa and Camellia
sinensis in presence of aluminum sulphate, ferrous sulphate and
copper sulphate as mordants employing a simultaneous mordanting technique
followed by steaming of the painted fabric at 1020C for 30
min, whereas Indigofera tinctoria was
applied in absence of any such salts. Such painting technique appears to be
superior as compared to traditional process in respect to ease of application,
storage stability of paste, colour fastness to light, rubbing and wash. It appears that such hand painted
fabric has the potential for giving a crafty look to various handloom fabrics
used for apparel and home furnishing purpose. In fact, it can also be used for
embellishing finished garments such as t-shirt, jackets, etc. as also many
other products like bags, pillows, cushion cover or anything made up of fabrics
just by adding designs and colors to them. In view of use of various salts at
concentrations much below their respective maximum permissible limits, such
painted cotton fabrics can also be considered as eco-friendly product and is
worth as labeled eco-textile.

Page(s): 589-595 2014/07/18 - 23:15

Title: Traditional beekeeping shows great promises for endangered indigenous bee Apis cerana

Authors: Singh, AK

Abstract: Nagaland dwellings plentiful bee flora is as a natural endowment.
Indigenous techniques,
equipments and traditional beekeeping knowledge are goldsmith due to simplicity
and low cost input, shows great promise to visionaries for their envisage. The
suitable agro-climate, plenty bee flora and immemorial practice with rich traditional knowledge offers
enormous potential for development and success of apiculture in this state. The outfit survey accomplished in six districts of Nagaland
revealed that 26% beekeepers were rearing both
species (Apis cerana and Tetragonula iridipennis) and rest only A.
cerana. The 74.67% peasantry indulged in apiculture and average number of
beehive/ beekeeper was 3.78 where as highest beehive/ beekeeper was observed in
Kohima. The 65.33% beekeepers were interested to rear in indigenous box and
34.67% beekeepers were interested to scientific beehive. A keywords: majority of beekeepers responded, the wax moth attack is
higher in scientific box, while literate new generation, and trend beekeepers
were interested with scientific beehive. The Naga tribes know different
indigenous methods of colony capture, different types of traditional bee hives
and indigenous methods of pest management. Simultaneously gruesome traditional
honey harvesting method and jhoom cultivation direct threaten to bees
which require scientific intervention for conservation to A. cerana. Honey
bee role as a pollinator to enhance the crop productivity and conserve the
plant biodiversity are more valuable than bee hive products.

Page(s): 582-588 2014/07/18 - 23:15

Title: Selection of different substrates for the cultivation of milky mushroom (Calocybe indica P & C)

Authors: Vijaykumar, Gitte; John, Priya; Ganesh, Kotgire

Abstract: Calocybe indica is one of the best edible mushrooms which can be grown at high
temperature or summer season. It replaces the non-vegetarian food. The present
experiment was conducted to find out the efficacy of different substrates such
as paddy straw, wheat straw, soybean straw, coconut coir pith, cotton waste and
sugarcane baggase for the cultivation of milky mushroom. Among the six
different substrates, wheat straw substrate was superior which recorded minimum
days for spawn run 15.67 days, pinhead formation 28.67 days and for first
harvest 33.67 days with highest no. of fruit bodies 24.33, highest diameter
7.66 cm, length of stalk 7.86 cm, maximum yield 1463 gm and highest biological
efficiency 146.3 %. Paddy straw was the next best superior substrate for
cultivation of milky mushroom.

Page(s): 434-436 2014/04/21 - 15:57

Title: Traditional processing of non- timber forest products in Cachar, Assam, India

Authors: Dattagupta, Shovan; Gupta, Abhik

Abstract: Non timber forest products (NTFPs) play significant
role in the protection of the livelihood safety net of the forest dwellers of
North East India. The present study has the objectives of documenting the traditional
knowledge pertaining to the processing of non-timber forest products in the
Inner Line Reserve Forest (ILRF) of Cachar district, Assam, India. This forest
harbours about 21 commercially important NTFPs, 8 of which are subjected to
different traditional processing techniques before marketing to ensure their
durability and enhanced resistance to fungal and insect attacks. The
methodology adopted for conducting this study comprised household survey,
interview, focal group discussion, and seasonal field surveys with enumeration
of important NTFP taxa. Different traditional processing technologies such as
smoking of the product on bamboo trays, sun drying on elevated racks, boiling,
etc. comprise simple, cost-effective yet efficient ways of value addition to
the products.

Page(s): 427-433 2014/04/21 - 15:57

Title: Design and development of fashion accessories inspired from the hand woven shawls of Nagaland

Authors: Karolia, Anjali; Prakash, Richa

Abstract: The Nagas, inhabitants of Nagaland, are said
to belong to the Indo-Mongoloid stock. Unlike other parts of India, where much
of the spinning and weaving, is in the hands of men, in Nagaland it is
exclusively the monopoly of women. They mainly weave shawls and mekhalas which range
from a simple white cloth to elaborately designed ones. These textiles are
mainly produced only for their own consumption and available in the local
markets. These textile products require more visibility, which can be achieved
through contemporary product design and value addition through design
development which can lead to better and wider market acceptability and
network. Therefore, the present study was undertaken with the major objective
of documenting the history, origin, weaving techniques, motifs and significance
of the hand woven shawls of the three tribes of the state, i.e. Ao, Chakhesang
and Lotha and then designing fashion
accessories inspired from the hand woven textiles and ornaments of Nagaland.
Inspired from these textiles fashion accessories, i.e. bags, belts and neckwear
were designed and constructed and its market acceptability was studied. The
study revealed that the products were highly appealing in the market and there
was lot of scope to develop such products. The respondents and shopkeepers also
acknowledged that the attempt was very innovative and creative to make people
aware of the textiles of Nagaland and the study helped uplift, preserve and
popularize the hand woven textiles of the state by product diversification.

Page(s): 416-426 2014/04/21 - 15:57

Title: Namda - The traditional felted craft of Rajasthan

Authors: Karolia, Anjali; Sardiwal, Surbhi

Abstract: India’s rural arts and handicrafts are the
visual expression and technological processes of people living at several
cultural, religious and social levels. For centuries Indian arts and crafts
have been distinguished for their great aesthetic and functional value. The Indian
handicrafts industry is highly labor intensive cottage based industry and
de-centralized, being spread all over the country in rural and urban areas. One such traditional craft called Namda is produced since ages in the state of Rajasthan which is
famous throughout the world for its profile art treasures, for its scenic
beauty and bracing climate so also for its crafts. The present study was an attempt
to study the traditional Namda craft
of Rajasthan. Efforts were directed towards documenting the traditional Namda art of Tonk and to highlight its
unique characteristics with respect to methods, materials, implements, raw materials
and surface ornamentation techniques employed. Concern was also given towards
reflecting the present scenario of this handicraft industry. Another major objective was to
study the socio-economic profile of the craftsmen involved in the craft.
Detailed emphasis was also laid on studying the changes that have intruded in
the contemporary production practices of this felted rug.

Page(s): 409-415 2014/04/21 - 15:57

Title: Use of plants as Colour material in Pytkar and Jadopatia folk arts of Jharkhand

Authors: Kumar, Sanjeev

Abstract: The present paper is an outcome of study of
ethnobotanical aspect of folk and tribal art of Jharkhand. It was observed that
the people use plants not only for their requirement of food, medicine,
shelter, clothing etc, but also to express their feelings through colours and
brushes. Jadopatia of Santhal
Pargana, Pytkar of East
Singhbhum, Khovar and Soharai of Hazaribagh are important
forms of such paintings. Festivals and rituals based on forests and nature get
prominent place in their theme People practicing these art forms still use
natural colours prepared from plants and minerals. Such painting can be called
as ethnopainting. In this paper fourteen plants have been described which are
used in the preparation of colours with the help of other natural ingredients.
Use of natural colours to paint subjects related to nature is an honour to

Page(s): 202-207 2014/02/19 - 21:54

Title: Quality control analysis of Didymocarpous pedicellata R. Br.

Authors: Ahmad, Wasim; Zaidi, S M Arif; Ahmad, Sayeed

Abstract: Standardization and quality control of the
herbal drugs used in Unani system of medicine is essential for their acceptance
in the international as well as local markets. Here, an attempt has been made
for pharmacognostical standardization of dried leaves of Didymocarpous pedicellata
R. Br. (Gesneriaceae) a Unani drug for the first time. The study includes
macroscopic, microscopic evaluation along with estimation of its
physicochemical parameters, preliminary phytochemical screening as well as
fingerprint profile by HPTLC and HPLC. It also includes quantification of some
of the constituents like phenolics and flavonoids. The quality control
parameters in present study reveals standardization profile of Didymocarpous pedicellata which would be of immense value in botanical
identification and authentication of plant drug as well as may be helpful in
preventing adulteration.

Page(s): 175-180 2014/02/19 - 21:54

Title: Pattern of traditional medicine usage in East Khasi Hills of Meghalaya

Authors: Lyngdoh, J P; Syiem, D; Mao, AA

Abstract: The present paper reports the usage trend of
traditional medicine among the indigenous Khasi
population of East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya. The study recorded a high
percentage of usage of herbal home remedies for common and minor ailments.
Between the C & RD blocks, there is some difference with respect to usage.
Further, for all three blocks studied distance and literacy did not influence
usage of herbal medicine. A highly significant difference (p< 0.01) was
observed on the frequencies of herbal medicine consultation per year, by the
respondents. A large majority of the respondent shows duality vis-à-vis
allopathic versus local health practices. Allopathy comes into play when home
remedies fails. The difference in the preferences of respondents between these
two systems of medicine is significant at p<0.01. Amongst the different
population categories consulting the LHPs, adults record the maximum number, in
all the three C & RD blocks. The difference between the three population
categories is significantly high (p<0.01) in Mylliem block whereas the
difference are insignificant (p>0.01) in Mawkynrew and Shella-Bholaganj blocks.

Page(s): 164-170 2014/02/19 - 21:54

Title: Inventory of the traditional rice varieties in farming system of southern Assam: A case study

Authors: Das, Tapasi; Das, Ashesh Kumar

Abstract: Farmers in the rural parts of the North
eastern region are still known to retain traditional rice varieties in their
farming systems. In the present study, an attempt was made to inventorise the
traditional rice varieties cultivated in a village in Barak
Valley, North east India. A total of 18 rice landraces were
collected from the study site retained by the farmers because of their dietary,
cultural and social value. The traditional rice varieties possess several
stress tolerant properties. Such properties act as positive factors in the
retention of the rice landraces in the face of the increasing propaganda for
cultivation of high yielding rice varieties. Traditional rice varieties
represent important genetic reservoirs with valuable traits and there is an
urgent need to provide proper incentives and encourage the farmers to cultivate
rice landraces to help in the in situ
conservation of this important gene pool.

Page(s): 157-163 2014/02/19 - 21:54

Title: Traditional knowledge of ethnomedicine in Jaunsar-bawar, Dehradun district

Authors: Chantia, Alok

Abstract: In Jaunsar-bawar area (Chakrata tehsil of
Dehradun district), different kinds of medical

practitioners (priests, magicians, exorcists
and quacks) abound . Many cures are effected by one or more persons treating a single
patient at a time or in succession. In traditional societies, herbalists and midwives
frequently acquire their skills from their mothers or other close relatives. In
most of these rural societies, their localities are almost bereft of modern health
facilities. In such a situation, they use their traditional knowledge about the
locally available plants to cure many diseases. In this paper, an attempt has been
made to see how these ethnomedicines are useful in Jaunsar-bawar to maintain their
healthy life.

Page(s): 397-399 2014/01/22 - 18:42

Title: Herbal folk remedies of Bankura and Medinipur districts, West Bengal

Authors: Ghosh, Ashis

Abstract: Twenty two medicinal plants belonging to
nineteen families used by the tribals/ local

communities of Bankura and Medinipur
districts, West Bengal have been reported as the

potential drugs against twenty common
ailments of the people.

Page(s): 393-396 2014/01/22 - 18:42

Title: Herbal remedies used for hair disorders by tribals and rural folk in Gujarat

Authors: Mitaliya, K D; Bhatt, D C; Patel, N K; Dodia, S K

Abstract: This paper deals with the survey of some 23
important plants used against hair disorders

viz, hair loss, dandruff, de-colouration of
hairs, etc. by tribals and rural people of Gujarat.
The survey was undertaken during 1996-2001 in different regions of Gujarat.

Page(s): 389-392 2014/01/22 - 18:42

Title: Anticonvulsant and free radical scavenging activity of Hybanthus enneaspermus: A preliminary screening

Authors: Hemalatha, S; Wahi, A K; Singh, P N; Chansouria, J P N

Abstract: Anticonvulsant activity of aqueous (AQHE)
and ethanolic (ETHE) extract of Hybanthus

enneaspermus was studied using
maximal electric shock (MES) and strychnine induced

convulsions models. AQHE at the doses of
200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg orally showed significant protection in both models.
The activity was equipotent to phenobarbitone sodium (30 mg/kg; i.p.). The AQHE
showed no neurotoxicity. Ethanolic extract did not show protection in these models.
The AQHE exhibited free radical scavenging activity in an in vitro system
using DPPH.

Page(s): 383-388 2014/01/22 - 18:42

Title: Quality characteristics of Ohmic heated Aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) pulp

Authors: Singh, A; Santosh, S; Kulshrestha, M; Chand, Khan; Lohani, UC; Shahi, NC

Abstract: Present investigation deals with quality
characteristics of aonla pulp subjected to ohmic heating at 11, 13, 15, 17 v/cm
voltage gradients. The time and temperature were the process variables which
were kept fixed on the basis of preliminary experiments. The product
characteristics were evaluated for vitamin C, tannin content, titrable acidity,
colour and microbial counts. Results indicated that all the quality parameters
were influenced by treatment and KMS addition significantly.
Per cent loss for all quality parameter was found to be least in aonla pulp
ohmically treated at 17V/cm voltage gradient followed by 15, 13 and 11V/cm
while the losses were maximum in conventionally prepared aonla pulp. Ohmically
heated aonla pulp at 90°C for 1 minute was observed to be sufficient for safe
storage of aonla pulp with little quality losses.
In terms of quality, ohmically treated aonla pulp was found to be superior than
conventionally prepared one. The quality losses in terms of vitamin C, tannin,
titrable acidity and colour lightness were positively correlated to each other.
Within the experimental range investigated in this study, aonla pulp ohmically
heated at 17V/cm voltage gradients was found to be best in terms of all the
quality parameters.

Page(s): 670-676 2013/11/04 - 12:53

Title: Development of quality control markers for Ulmus wallichiana Planchon: An Indian traditional plant for osteogenic activity

Authors: Arya, K R; Khatoon, Sayyada; Kumar, Brijesh

Abstract: Ulmus
Planchon, is an Indian folk traditional plant used for the treatment of
fractured bones in folklore tradition of Uttarakhand
Himalaya, India.
During chemical investigations, three major compounds, Ulmoside A & B, and
Naringenin-6-C-β-D glucopyranosideis for osteogenic activity have been isolated
from bark of this plant species. This paper presents macro and microscopic
study, physicochemical parameters and chemo-profiling of stem bark of U.
wallichiana through Q TOF HRMS for development of quality control markers
and identification of crude samples. Transverse section (TS) stem bark and
powder microscopy shows crushed rhytidoma consisting plenty of mucilaginous
canals followed by crushed cork, cells of the cork filled with dark brown
content. Whereas, authenticity and quality of raw materials can be determinate
with exact calculated mass value of marker compounds for osteogenic activity at
467, 451 and 435 using Q TOF HRMS technique. Ursolic acid, β-sitosterol and
lupeol at Rf value 0.25, 0.36 and 0.44 has also identified as HPTLC
marker for identification and authentication of crude drug samples of stem bark
of U. wallichiana.

Page(s): 664-669 2013/11/04 - 12:53

Title: Spider web ointment: A traditional based approach in Cutaneous wound healing

Authors: Kumari, Preeti; Chahar, MK; Veerapur, VP; Spandana, G; Thippeswamy, BS; Badami, S

Abstract: Spider web is being used in India and other countries to
promote wound healing. Its ointment at 2.5 and 5% w/w concentrations was tested
for wound healing activity in excision and incision wound models in rats. A
significant reduction in the area of excision wound was observed for both the
treatments when compared to normal healing and control ointment treatments. The
period of epithelization for spider web treatments was much lower than the
standard povidone iodine ointment and significant when compared to normal and
control ointment treatments. In the linear incision wound model, spider web
ointment at 2.5% w/w showed 30.65% increase in the tensile strength compared to
normal healing. The histological evaluation revealed that the spider web
ointment lowers scores in terms of scab, ulcus, polymorphonuclear cells and
high scores of re-epithelization and neovascularization when compared to normal
healing group. Both the concentration of spider web ointment (2.5% and 5% w/w)
exhibited similar wound healing activity. Therefore, the optimum effective dose
of spider web ointment is 2.5% w/w concentration. The wound healing activity
may be due to increase in collagen synthesis and probably due to the presence
of proteins in the web. The present study provides a scientific base for the
traditional use of spider web for wound healing.

Page(s): 657-663 2013/11/04 - 12:53

Title: Dye plants: Natural resources from traditional botanical knowledge of Sardinia Island, Italy

Authors: Maxia, Andrea; Meli, Francesca; Gaviano, Carla; Picciau, Rosangela; Martis, Bruno De; Kasture, Sanjay; Kasture, Veena

Abstract: Now a days the use of wild plant
species for colouring textile articles is very modest in Europe,
mainly because of the incessant production of synthetic dyes, which are
economic and easy to find. The tradition of using dye plants still persists in
the Mediterranean region, but is not widely studied. In this paper, the
authors, for the first time, study the natural colours and wild species used in
the popular Sardinian tradition. They try to bring order and Scientific rigor
of an important topic, with an emphasis on the economic value of knowledge
passed down orally from generation to generation.

Page(s): 651-656 2013/11/04 - 12:53

Title: Indigenous knowledge of the traditional and qualified ayurveda practitioners on the nutritional significance and use of red rice in medications

Authors: Hegde, S; Yenagi, N B; Kasturiba, B

Abstract: Red rice Rakthashali (with
red husk and grain) is the native staple food of Dakshina Kannada (Karnataka)
and Kasaragod (Kerala) district. A study was conducted to collect and document
information from the traditional and qualified practitioners on the use of red
rice in various medications and therapies to find its applicability as a
functional food especially in promoting lactation. Red rice was found
beneficial to health in terms of its nutritional significance and its
applicability in various medications like in allergies, skin ailments, uterus
related problems, nerve disorders, gastro-intestinal problems, liver, kidney
disorders, fever, infections and in promoting lactation.

Page(s): 506-511 2013/07/10 - 15:54

Title: Local knowledge and use of Marula [Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst.] in South-central Zimbabwe

Authors: Maroyi, Alfred

Abstract: The aim of this study was to document
indigenous knowledge related to the use of Sclerocarya
birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst. subsp. caffra
(Sond.) Kokwaro (Marula) in
South-central Zimbabwe. One hundred and sixteen participants from 4 villages
were interviewed between December 2011 and January 2012. Local communities in
South-central Zimbabwe derive many benefits from Marula. The main product harvested by the participants was the
fruit. The ripe fruits were eaten raw (100%), kernels were eaten raw (100%) or
roasted (33.6%), fruit juice fermented to produce children’s beverage (22.4%)
or traditional beer (35.3%), making jam (14.7%), oil processing (8.6%) and
added to maize, millet and sorghum porridge (4.3%). Marula has also medicinal uses and the leaves and fruits were
browsed by livestock. This study calls for large-scale
cultivation of Marula not only in
South-central Zimbabwe, but also in neighbouring countries where the species
occurs naturally and has the potential to positively affect local peoples’

Page(s): 398-403 2013/07/10 - 15:54

Title: Plants used in healthcare practices by Limboo tribe in South –West of Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve, Sikkim, India

Authors: Badola, Hemant K; Pradhan, Bharat K

Abstract: The study aimed in exploring indigenous knowledge
of Limboo tribe on plant use
practices for local healthcare in Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve, Sikkim.
Use of 124 ethnomedicinal plants to cure 77 ailments, grouped into 13 broad
categories, was recorded. Maximum number of species (31) was used to cure
stomach related problems. Oral administration (71.77%) was the common practice.
Artemesia vulgaris and Swertia chirayita (1.00 each) recorded
the highest use value. Cut and wound problems recorded the highest Informant
Consensus Factor (0.91). Paper also discussed the conservation aspects.

Page(s): 355-369 2013/07/10 - 15:54

Title: Effects of eight week yoga therapy program on cardiovascular health in hypertensives

Authors: Madanmohan; Bhavanani, Ananda Balayogi; Zeena, Sanjay; Vithiyalakshmi, L; Dayanidy, G

Abstract: Yogic practices may aid in the prevention and management of
Hypertension (HT) and reduce cardiovascular complications in the population.
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of a comprehensive
eight week yoga therapy programme on anthropometric, cardiovascular,
biochemical parameters and wellness scores in patients of essential HT. 15
patients receiving standard medical treatment for essential HT were recruited
and anthropometric, cardiovascular and biochemical investigations were done
before and after a comprehensive yoga therapy programme comprising of three
times a week sessions for 8 weeks. A post intervention, retrospective wellness
questionnaire was used to evaluate the comparative feelings of the patients
after the therapy programme. There was a statistically significant decrease in
weight, BMI and all resting
cardiovascular parameters such as heart rate and blood pressure indices. Total
cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density (LDL) and very low density
(VLDL) lipoproteins reduced significantly while high density (HDL) lipoprotein
increased significantly. All the cholesterol based ratios such as TC/HDL,
LDL/HDL and showed healthy
improvements. Post
intervention overall wellness scores of the participants indicated that 9%
attained complete relief and total satisfaction after the therapy programme
while 29% were much better than before. 36% were better than before while 25%
had no change in their condition. The main strength of the present study is
excellent compliance and regularity of yoga practice by our participants both
during directly supervised sessions and at home. Very few yoga studies have
reported such excellent compliance and hence our study stands out as a special
case. Hence, the all round benefits obtained in our study can be attributed to
the dedicated and regular practice of the comprehensive yoga therapy programme
that reports a significant improvement in anthropometric and cardiovascular
parameters coupled with healthy lipid profile changes in patients of essential
HT. It is concluded that a comprehensive yoga therapy programme has potential
to enhance the beneficial effects of standard medical management of essential
HT and can be used as an effective complementary or integrative therapy

Page(s): 535-541 2013/07/10 - 15:54

Title: Pharmacognostical studies of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. stem bark – A common but less known folklore herb

Authors: Suresh, Pujare Vinay; Shraddha, Shimpi N; Gopalkrishnan, Bindu

Abstract: Nyctanthes
arbor-tristis L., popularly known as Parijataka or Night jasmine, belongs to
family Oleaceae. Nyctanthes is
commonly grown as a sacred tree in Maharashtra.
It is also known for its medicinal cure by the aboriginals residing in this
region. Leaves and bark are said to be antibilious and expectorant. Bark in
combination with arjuna sadada is
considered to be useful in internal injuries and healing of wounds including
fractured bones. The decoction of bark is recommended for periodic fever. In
spite of these therapeutic uses and easy availability, no detailed
pharmacognostic study has been done. The present investigation deals with
macroscopic and microscopic evaluation of the stem bark. Various
physicochemical parameters were also established. Preliminary Phytochemical
screening revealed the presence of phytoconstituents such as alkaloids,
tannins, cardiac glycosides, etc. Such a study would serve as a useful tool in
standardization of the stem bark.

Page(s): 284-287 2013/05/02 - 22:53

Title: Faith herbal healer knowledge document of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Uttarakhand, India

Authors: Rana, C S; Tiwari, J K; Dangwal, L R; Gairola, S

Abstract: The aim of the study was to identify and
document medicinal plants used by the faith herbal healers of Nanda Devi
Biosphere Reserve along with their uses and preparation. Ethnomedicinal surveys
were conducted in the remote villages of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (NDBR)
district Chamoli during the years 2004-2010. The study revealed uses of 90
plant species (87 Angiosperms and 3 Gymnosperms) belonging to 45 families and
80 genera. These plants were found to be used for treating diabetes, arthritis,
cardiac complaints, asthma, leucorrhoea, infertility, mental disorder,
flatulence, abdominal complaints and chronic fever, etc.

Page(s): 308-314 2013/05/02 - 22:53

Title: Evaluation of Ayurvedic Compound Formulations 5- Katphaladi Cũrna

Authors: Pandey, MM; Rastogi, Subha; Khatoon, S; Mehrotra, S; Rawat, AKS

Abstract: The interest in Ayurvedic drugs/
formulations has led to an increase in their demand leading to a decline in
their quality, primarily due to lack of adequate regulations pertaining to
herbal drugs. Standardization is an essential tool to obtain the desired effect
of any drug/ formulations. But the herbal formulations which are being prepared
using traditional methods may not have the desired quality and batch to batch
consistency due to lack of modern pharmacopoeial standards. Four samples of Katphaladi
Cũrna, procured from different Ayurvedic pharmacies, were subjected to
physicochemical analysis, HPTLC fingerprinting and botanical characterization,
and compared using authentic ingredients as reference. The studies suggest that
these parameters may, together, be used for quality evaluation and
standardization of compound formulations and maintaining their quality, purity
and efficacy.

Page(s): 295-299 2013/05/02 - 22:53

Title: Hepatoprotective activity of Eurycoma longifolia Jack. roots

Authors: Panjaitan, Ruqiah ganda putri; Handharyani, Ekowati; Chairul; Manalu, Wasmen

Abstract: The hepatoprotective activity of Eurycoma longifolia Jack. roots
methanol-water fraction on therapeutic dose was evaluated in carbon
tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced rats. Hepatic cells were still normal
after three months administration of methanol-water fraction at therapeutic
dose. The administration of methanol-water fraction on therapeutic dose prior
to CCl4-induced or CCl4-induced prior to methanol-water
fraction resulted in suppression of ALT and AST. Histopathological and ultrastructure
studies confirmed that methanol-water fraction protected hepatic cells. It is
concluded that the methanol-water fraction of pasak bumi roots has a hepatoprotective activity.

Page(s): 225-230 2013/05/02 - 22:53

Title: Bheta fishing - A traditional community fishing practice of Nocte tribe of Tirap district, Arunachal Pradesh

Authors: Dutta, Rajdeep; Dutta, Amalesh

Abstract: A traditional community fishing practiced by
the Nocte tribe of Tirap district,
Arunachal Pradesh in Namsang stream is discussed. The objective of the present
study is to bring out detailed information about this indigenous fishing
method. In this practice, fishes are caught in the lower reaches by obstructing
water flow of the stream. Fishes in their attempt to overcome this obstruction
ultimately got trapped. The study revealed that community fishing is a part of
the cultural heritage of the Nocte
tribe of Tirap district. Migratory behaviour of Cyprinids (e.g. Tor putitora, Barilius tileo, B.bola)
has been effectively used in this fishing method for catching them.

Page(s): 162-165 2013/01/16 - 18:47

Title: Traditional fishing methods in Central valley region of Manipur, India

Authors: Devi, B Nightingale; Mishra, SK; Das, Lipi; Pawar, NA; Chanu, Th.Ibemcha

Abstract: Central valley region of Manipur harbours great ichthyofaunal diversity; diverse
fisheries resources, thus uses wide
array of fishing methods which are evolved traditionally and being practiced
extensively throughout the central valley.
Some of the practices are unique to certain area such as the Loktak lake. The
different traditional fishing methods presently being practiced by the
fishermen are broadly categorized into major and minor fishing gears. In
present paper an attempt
has been made to collect and document the Indigenous technical knowledge (ITKs)
related to fishing methods in central valley of Manipur, India.
In addition to the documentation of different fishing methods, the rationales
behind their use,
as perceived and mentioned by the respondents, were also concurrently discussed
to facilitate comprehension.

Page(s): 137-143 2013/01/16 - 18:47

Title: Characterization of the traditional fermented fish product Shidol of Northeast India prepared from Puntius sophore and Setipinna phasa

Authors: Kakati, Bipul Kumar; Goswami, Umesh C.

Abstract: Shidol is a traditional fermented fish
product popular in the North eastern part of India, because of its typical
flavor and aroma. The proximate composition, biochemical, microbiological and
sensory quality of two types of Shidol prepared from Puntius sophore (Hamilton)
and Seitpinna phasa (Hamilton) available in markets were studied. The results
of the analysis showed that the market samples of Shidol were a good source of
protein ranging from 27.2 - 38.35%. The pH and moisture content were from 6.1 -
6.2 and from 33.44 - 37.52%, respectively. The physicochemical analysis
revealed that the products were of acceptable quality. The bacterial flora of
Shidol comprised of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus spp and Escherichia
coli indicating unhygienic handling practices during preparation and storage.
There were no visible fungal colonies on the products; however, when grown on
agar medium, a few yeast and mould colonies were observed. The products had
acceptable sensory quality. Shidol can be kept for more than one year at room

Page(s): 85-90 2013/01/16 - 18:47

Title: Folk veterinary medicines in the Bareilly district of Uttar Pradesh, India

Authors: Kumar, Rajesh; Bharati, Kumar Avinash

Abstract: The aim of the study is to document folk
medicinal knowledge prevalent for the treatment of ailments of livestock in the
district, Uttar Pradesh. Information on these veterinary practices was gathered
by interviewing residents of the study area using the “Transect walks” method
of the Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) technique from February 2009 to June
2010. The present study revealed that 42 plant species have been used by the
local people to control various ailments of livestock prevalent in the study
area. Apart from medicinal plants four animal/animal products and three mineral
preparations have also been recorded, which are used in remedy preparation. These
medicinal preparations have been used in the treatment of 28 livestock
diseases. The most diversely used medicinal plants are Zingiber officinale, Plantago orbignyana, Acacia nilotica, Swertia chirayita and Piper nigrum. Comparison of the gathered data with the existing
published literatures revealed that 28 plant species have been documented for
the first time for animal use.

Page(s): 40-46 2013/01/16 - 18:47

Title: Elucidation of mechanism of Anti-arthritic action of Arthosansar- a polyherbal formulation

Authors: Sumanth, Meera; Anusha; Swetha, S

Abstract: To elucidate the mechanism of anti-arthritic
action of the Arthosansar, a
polyherbal formulation has proven anti-arthritic activity. The mechanism is
elucidated by emphasizing on immunomodulation, anti-inflammatory and analgesic
action. The study is carried out using CFA induced arthritis in rats, carrageenan
induced peritonitis in mice, inflammation induced by various phlogistic agents
in rats, acetic acid induced writhing in mice and tail-immersion test in mice. Arthosansar significantly (P<0.001)
inhibited proliferation of lymphocytes in CFA induced arthritic rats.
Arthosansar significantly (P<0.001) inhibited neutrophil infiltration in
carrageenan induced peritonitis in mice, inhibited the release of inflammatory
mediators (PGs, histamine, 5-HT and bradykinin) and pain mediated through these
mediators in acetic acid induced writhing test. Arthosansar also showed
significant (P<0.001) increase in latency period in tail immersion test in
mice.  Arthosansar exhibits anti-arthritic activity by. (a) Inhibiting
lymphocyte proliferation (b) Inhibiting production of IF-, TNF-, IL-2 (c)
Inhibiting release of inflammatory mediators PGs, histamine, 5-HT and
bradykinin (d) Exhibits antinociceptive action through opioid receptors and by
promoting release of endogenous peptides.

Page(s): 704-713 2012/11/14 - 16:15

Title: Scientific evaluation of Panchkola curna – An Ayurvedic polyherbal drug formulation

Authors: Rajput, S; Tripathi, MK; Tiwari, AK; Dwivedi, N; Tripathi, SP

Abstract: The present study deals with the Scientific evaluation and
Standardization of the Ayurvedic compound formulation Panchkola curna following quality control procedures both for the
raw materials and the finished product. The obtained values (ranges of
physico-chemical parameters) can be adapted to day down new pharmacopoeial
standards to be followed for traditional preparation of Panchkola curna with batch to batch consistency. The phytochemical
constituents found to present in the raw material used for the preparation of Panchkola curna facilitate the desirable
therapeutic efficacy of the medicinal formulations a whole in elements and also
could help in knowing the underlying mechanism of pharmacological action.

Page(s): 697-703 2012/11/14 - 16:15

Title: Pharmacognosy of aconite sold under the name Vatsanabha in Indian market

Authors: Sarkar, P K; Prajapati, P K; Pillai, A P G; Chauhan, M G

Abstract: Aconite is one of the lethal poisons used in therapeutics of
Ayurveda. It is sold under the name of Vatsanabha
in Indian market. The aconite is generally found as mixture of different
species of Aconitum, due to the close
morphological similarity of the different species of aconites. The aims of the
study were to identify different species of Aconitum
present in the market samples of Vatsanabha
and to find out the authentic species of Vatsanabha,
i.e. Aconitum chasmanthum Stapf. ex Holmes in the market sample. Vatsanabha was sold from Indian markets
and was identified by means of macroscopic and microscopic studies and by TLC
profile. It was found that ‘Vatsanabha’
of Indian market is mixture of 8 species of Aconitum,
6 of these were identified as A. spicatum
Stapf., A. falconeri Stapf., A. chasmanthum Stapf. ex Holmes,
A. laciniatum Stapf., A. balfourii
Holmes ex Stapf. and A. deinorrhizum Holmes
ex Stapf. A. chasmanthum Stapf. ex
Holmes species is rarely available in market samples.

Page(s): 685-696 2012/11/14 - 16:15

Title: Evaluation of Ayurvedic compound formulations 4- Musli Cũrna

Authors: Rastogi, Subha; Pandey, Madan Mohan; Khatoon, Sayyada; Mehrotra, Shanta; Rawat, Ajay Kumar Singh

Abstract: Quality medications of any system of
medicine are obtained only as a result of using standardized protocols and
monitoring the quality of the products. Thus, there is an urgent need to
develop reliable parameters for quality control which are cost effective and
can be easily adopted by the manufacturers. In the Ayurvedic system of
medicine, Musli Cũrna is a herbal compound formulation used as an aphrodisiac and for impotency.
In the present communication, attempts have been made to evaluate Musli
Cũrna. Four samples of Musli Cũrna procured from different Ayurvedic
pharmacies were subjected to physicochemical analysis, HPTLC fingerprinting and
botanical characterization, and compared using authentic ingredients as
reference. The studies suggest that these parameters may, together, be used for
quality evaluation and standardization of compound formulations and maintaining
their quality, purity and efficacy.

Page(s): 680-684 2012/11/14 - 16:15

Title: Therapeutic uses of Mud therapy in Naturopathy

Authors: Rastogi, Rajiv

Abstract: Earth is one among five elements having an immense
impact on human body. It has been adopted as a treatment modality, i.e. mud
therapy in naturopathy. It is a simple, cost effective and efficacious
treatment used in the treatment of various disorders. Mud is used as a medicine
since long as various references are found available in ancient texts
indicating its therapeutic uses. Mud has various therapeutic properties which
are highly useful in the treatment of various disease conditions. The paper
highlights the therapeutic uses of mud as a therapy and its importance,
possible role and usefulness in the modern times.

Page(s): 556-559 2012/07/21 - 14:51

Title: Extension of shelf life of brown rice with some traditionally available materials

Authors: Das, Avijit; Das, Sanjukta; Subudhi, Hatanath; Mishra, Purnanda; Sharma, Srigopal

Abstract: Different traditional materials were tested as for
their effect on storability of brown rice. After six months of storage at
ambient temperature samples stored with parad tablet and boric acid
remained free flowing and maintained a healthy look during the period while
others got infested with ants within 45 days. The sample protected with parad
tablet had normal appearance and good taste on cooking, bifurcation of cooked
grains at both ends and a watery taste were observed in grains protected with
boric acid. The amount of free fatty acid (FFA) and malondialdehyde (MDA)
increased in control samples during storage, whereas the parad tablet protected samples showed little
variation. Moreover, storage with parad
tablet was also found to be effective in preventing the loss of carbohydrate,
protein and lipid. The objective of the
study was to find a suitable protectant(s) which is locally available and can
extend the shelf life of brown rice which is otherwise nutritionally very rich.

Page(s): 553-555 2012/07/21 - 14:51

Title: Traditional practices for sustainable livelihood in Kandi belt of Jammu

Authors: Slathia, PS; Paul, Narinder

Abstract: Present investigation was carried out with
the 90 informants selected from nine villages of the Kandi belt of Kathua,
Samba and Udhampur districts of Jammu division with the objectives to identify
the important tree species having traditional uses in the kandi belt of Jammu region and document the traditional practices
involving different tree species by the farmers of kandi belt of Jammu region
in the sustainable development. Findings reveal that people of the kandi belt use Butea monosperma Lamk. Taub in Engl & Prantl leaves for making doona & pattals; Saccharum
munja Roxb. (Khar-sarut) for roofing of houses, cattle sheds,
dry fodder storage structures, boundary fencing of sheds, thatching for
off-season/forced vegetable cultivation, broom, ropes, moodey and toys making. Acacia
nilotica (L.) Willd ex Del.,
and Acacia modesta Wall & Roxb
for making planker (Patta/Suhaga),panjali
(Jungla of plough), as fencing
material and for making indigenous tool (locally known as Sangi) used for fencing. Grewia
optiva J.R. Drum. ex Burrett for
making agricultural implements, handles of sickles, khurpi, kodal, making baskets and as fuel and fodder. Cassia fistula Linn; Brandis F. in
Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Adhatoda
vasica Nees for mulching, fruits ripening, roofing of kaccha houses and cattle sheds,and checks soil erosion. Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.) Nees for shabri, bamboo chairs, bamboo mats, etc.

Page(s): 548-552 2012/07/21 - 14:51

Title: Comparing the thermal performance of traditional and modern building in the coastal region of Nagappattinam, Tamil Nadu

Authors: Priya, R Shanthi; Sundarraja, M C; Radhakrishnan, S

Abstract: Climate
has a major effect on the performance of the building and its energy
consumption. The
traditional houses in the coastal region of Nagapattinam, Tamil Nadu in India
located in a warm humid zone represent a unique phenomenon with unique device
capable to meet the comfort demand through environmental well adapted design.
The traditional house and modern house in the coastal region of Nagappattinam
are examined by comparing the thermal performance within the same outdoor
condition and the climatic region of Nagappattinam. In this paper, a simplified thermal comparison of a
traditional house with a contemporary house have been given by using only data
derived from the measurements This paper represents that the traditional houses in the
coastal region of Nagappattinam provided useful indicators of appropriate
architectural design response for future modern buildings.

Page(s): 542-547 2012/07/21 - 14:51