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Kosmos
Astronomia Astrofizyka
Inne

Kultura
Sztuka dawna i współczesna, muzea i kolekcje

Metoda
Metodologia nauk, Matematyka, Filozofia, Miary i wagi, Pomiary

Materia
Substancje, reakcje, energia
Fizyka, chemia i inżynieria materiałowa

Człowiek
Antropologia kulturowa Socjologia Psychologia Zdrowie i medycyna

Wizje
Przewidywania Kosmologia Religie Ideologia Polityka

Ziemia
Geologia, geofizyka, geochemia, środowisko przyrodnicze

Życie
Biologia, biologia molekularna i genetyka

Cyberprzestrzeń
Technologia cyberprzestrzeni, cyberkultura, media i komunikacja

Działalność
Wiadomości | Gospodarka, biznes, zarządzanie, ekonomia

Technologie
Budownictwo, energetyka, transport, wytwarzanie, technologie informacyjne

Czasopisma z IBIMA Publishing

Emad Ali SOLIMAN, El-Sayed Mohamed El-Sayed MANSOUR, Hammed Ahmed Mohamed HASSAN and Noha Amaly Mohammed HASSAN. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 351498, Journal of Research & Developments in Chemistry, 18 pages. Abstract: In this study, amphoteric graft copolymer-based flocculants were prepared by conventional peroxy graft copolymerization of acrylamide (AM) onto carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCH) using potassium persulphate (PPS) initiator. The optimization of grafting of AM onto CMCH was carried out by studying the influence of various process parameters including CMCH, acrylamide and PPS concentration, as well as reaction temperature and time on percent grafting. FTIR spectral and thermal analyses of polyacrylamide/carboxymethyl chitosan graft copolymer (CMCH-g-PAM) were studied to furnish evidence of grafting. By performing the grafting process via reacting carboxymethyl chitosan (2%), acrylamide (6%) in presence of PPS (0.1%), highest grafting percentage was found at reaction temperature of 55⁰C with reaction time of three hours. The flocculation of the kaolinite suspensions was investigated by studying the effect of CMCH-g-PAM dosage, treatment time and pH of suspensions. The graft co-polymer flocculants resultant in this study exhibited higher efficiency comparing with those obtained from homo-polymers of carboxymethyl chitosan or polyacrylamide. Furthermore, the flocculation efficiency of these grafted copolymers was significantly increased with increasing the grafting percentage, where the maximum efficiency (93%) was attained at the highest grafting percentage (146%).

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/CHEM/2014/351498/a351498.html 2014/08/22 - 08:21

Dineke G. Korfker, Floor van Rooij, Simone E. Buitendijk, Symone B. Detmar and Ria Reis. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 913057, JMED Research, 13 pages. Abstract: Infertility treatments are difficult to understand, and doubly so for migrants because of religious and language factors. Previous studies showed that religion plays an important role in infertility care for Muslim couples that doctors do not always understand. The data presented here come from two exploratory studies that aimed to identify the main problems with infertility care for Turkish and Moroccan couples living in the Netherlands. In the first study, 105 Turkish, Moroccan and Dutch men and women were interviewed. In the second study, twenty general practitioners, gynaecologists and andrologists were interviewed by telephone. Additionally, three gynaecologists were interviewed in Morocco. A thematic analysis was conducted of the qualitative data. Almost all migrants had experienced problems with infertility treatments because they felt insecure about what was allowed by their religion. Moroccan men in particular doubt whether Dutch doctors are sufficiently acquainted with Islam and so they turn to Morocco for information and advice. Men stick to the rules and their agency is to follow the dictates of their religion. Women seem willing to be more flexible about the rules and navigate their agency. Doctors assumed that they took the religion of their patients into account, but they were not always fully aware of the importance of religious prohibitions. Others failed to take into account the agency of their patients. Conclusion: The situation in a new country challenges couples to shape their own agency in respect of reproductive treatment. Doctors are not always aware of the importance of religious doctrine about infertility treatment.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/GYNE/2014/913057/a913057.html 2014/08/22 - 08:21

Shuchi Jain, Shivi Jain, Vaibhav Jain and Madhu Jain. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 306195, JMED Research, 7 pages. Abstract: Background: Anal menstruation due to sigmoidouterine fistula in the anterior wall of the uterus has not been reported so far. Case: A thirty year old female presented to us with periodical anal bleeding without natural menstrual loss one year after dilatation and curettage for 10 weeks’ gestation. Hysterosalpingography raised the doubt of a fistulous tract between the uterus and the bowel with the dye present in the bowel.MRI revealed thinning of the anterior wall of the retroverted uterus with colon adherent to its anterior surface. Excision of the fistula along with a segment of sigmoid colon was done in a single stage. Conclusion: High degree of suspicion and planned investigations are required to reach at the diagnosis of such a bizarre condition.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/GYNE/2014/306195/a306195.html 2014/08/22 - 08:21

Conor Kennedy, Casey O’Brien and Claire Collins. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 583528, JMED Research, 8 pages. Abstract: Background:  Coordinated research and diagnostic coding are both in their infancy in Irish general practice.  As part of a larger project, which aimed to investigate the feasibility of primary diagnostic ICPC-2 coding in the Republic of Ireland with a view to creating a national morbidity database via the introduction of coding to a sample of computerised practices, a survey of GP experiences in this regard was undertaken. Research Question:  What are the challenges, barriers and facilitators experienced by participating GP practices in terms of establishing diagnostic coding in their practice? Methods:  An online survey of participating practices (n=25), including detailed open-ended responses, was carried out. Results:  According to respondents, the most significant barriers to the implementation of diagnostic coding in Irish general practice include the impact on consultations with regard to time, patient care, the limitations (and resultant frustrations) of the practice management software (PMS) systems and the ICPC-2 classification structures.  Respondents displayed a high level of competence in terms of using their PMS, a willingness to contribute towards the overall goal of a national morbidity register, a degree of flexibility in terms of adopting the initial additional workload, and perseverance in the knowledge of the existence of a learning curve in terms of diagnostic coding. Conclusions:  There exist both technical and cultural barriers to the establishment of coding throughout Ireland; including issues in relation to the time required to code, and concerns about the specificity of the codes being used to adequately record morbidity.However, it is evident that the skills and desire exist to overcome these obstacles with a view to improving practice and patient management.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JMED/2014/583528/a583528.html 2014/08/22 - 08:21

Tahir Ghafoor, Aamer Ikram, Shahid Ahmad Abbassi, Irfan Ali Mirza, Aamir Hussain, Inam ullah Khan and Jamal Ahmad. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 385616, Journal of Virology & Microbiology, 6 pages. Abstract: Objective: To determine the sensitivity pattern of first line anti-tuberculosis drugs against clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) in our settings. Place and duration: Department of Microbiology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from January 2010 through December 2012. Materials & Methods: Samples received during the study period were processed on MGIT 960 system for MTB culture and drug susceptibility testing (DST) was performed for first line antituberculosis drugs, namely rifampicin (RIF), isoniazid (INH), streptomycin (STR) and ethambutol (ETH). MTB ATCC 25177 was used as control strain. Results: A total of 4050 samples were tested on MGIT 960 System, out of which 689(17%) were culture positive. Out of these culture positive cases, 303(44%) were pan-sensitive, 52(7.5%) pan-resistant, 84(12.2%) sensitive to one drug only, 171(24.8%) resistant to one drug only and 49(7.1%) were resistant to 2 drugs other than MDR.132(19.16%) cases were multidrug resistant (MDR). Conclusion: Resistance to first line anti-tuberculosis drugs is alarming. Our results highlight the importance of drug susceptibility testing of MTB isolates against first line anti-tuberculosis drugs in an endemic country, so as to properly manage tuberculosis patients.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JVM/2014/385616/a385616.html 2014/08/22 - 08:21

Kamal Sherina, Azhari Nik-Nuraini and Abdul-Talib Suhaimi. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 201932, Journal of Research & Developments in Chemistry, 8 pages. Abstract: This work was conducted to investigate the potential of using municipal wastewater as the source of sulphide and to evaluate the removal efficiency of zinc from municipal wastewater spiked with zinc.  A two-stage experiment was     carried out in a single 1 L anaerobic reactor operated for 13 days. In stage I, municipal wastewater containing sulphate was left under anaerobic condition for eight days for the production of biological sulphide. In stage II, the ability of biologically produced sulphide to precipitate out zinc from the wastewater spiked under three different concentrations of zinc (10 mgL-1, 15 mgL-1 and 20 mgL-1) was evaluated. The results showed that high percentage of sulphate reduction was achieved in non-sterilized samples (>90%). A significant removal of zinc up to 56.87% was successfully removed from the non-sterilized samples spiked with 10 mgL-1 of zinc.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/CHEM/2014/201932/a201932.html 2014/08/22 - 08:21

Oyewo Babajide Michael, Faboyede Olusola Samuel and Fakile Adeniran Samuel. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 826622, Journal of South African Business Research, 12 pages. Abstract: The intellectual ability of the work force of any organization or nation goes a long way in determining its prospects.  An organisation’s or a nation’s poor attitude to the development of its human capital is a devastating and worrisome challenge to the actualisation of  its vision .With these thoughts in mind, it was considered important to evaluate and report on  Nigeria’s readiness for global competitiveness and vision 2020 actualisation. The research was conducted to fill this gap by evaluating current Human Resource Management and Accounting Disclosure (HRMAD) practices in Nigeria, using financial service and manufacturing firms as the bases for study. Statistical tools like percentages analysis, mean, standard deviation, correlation analysis and T-test were utilized for various analyses. The study observed that there is no significant difference in HRMAD practices between the Financial and Manufacturing industries in Nigeria; also, there is a strong positive relationship between HRMAD and company size. As a result of research findings, that there is arbitrariness in reporting human resource management activities, and the non-existence of  legislation, currently, on reporting human resource practices— which explains the lack of uniformity in the presentation of information on human capital in annual reports of companies in Nigeria—  it was recommended that for Nigeria to achieve vision 2020 and be globally competitive, there is the need to value and incorporate human resources in financial statements of private and public sector organisations. All relevant and concerned authorities should also look into coming up with financial reporting standard(s) on human resource activities.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JSABR/2014/826622/a826622.html 2014/08/22 - 08:21

Umar Ruhi. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 920553, Journal of Internet Social Networking & Virtual Communities, 12 pages. Abstract: Social media analytics is a nascent and emerging discipline that can help organizations formulate and implement measurement techniques for deriving insights from social media interactions and for evaluating the success of their own social media initiatives. Ultimately, a successful social media analytics program can enable businesses to improve their performance management initiatives across various business functions. However, businesses are still struggling with adopting, implementing and institutionalizing methodologies and techniques for an effective social media analytics program. This paper offers a business intelligence perspective of social media analytics with the aim to provide guidelines to help businesses align their social media programs, processes and technologies with the overall strategic objectives of the organization. Toward this, the paper outlines conceptual underpinnings of social media analytics and business intelligence, and draws upon findings from two online expert panels that were conducted to determine current practices, technologies and processes, and recommendations for businesses adopting social media analytics. By doing so, the paper hopes to offer a basis for establishing a baseline philosophy for businesses partaking various social media initiatives.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JISNVC/2014/920553/a920553.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Umar Ruhi. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 920553, Journal of Internet Social Networking & Virtual Communities, 12 pages. Abstract: Social media analytics is a nascent and emerging discipline that can help organizations formulate and implement measurement techniques for deriving insights from social media interactions and for evaluating the success of their own social media initiatives. Ultimately, a successful social media analytics program can enable businesses to improve their performance management initiatives across various business functions. However, businesses are still struggling with adopting, implementing and institutionalizing methodologies and techniques for an effective social media analytics program. This paper offers a business intelligence perspective of social media analytics with the aim to provide guidelines to help businesses align their social media programs, processes and technologies with the overall strategic objectives of the organization. Toward this, the paper outlines conceptual underpinnings of social media analytics and business intelligence, and draws upon findings from two online expert panels that were conducted to determine current practices, technologies and processes, and recommendations for businesses adopting social media analytics. By doing so, the paper hopes to offer a basis for establishing a baseline philosophy for businesses partaking various social media initiatives.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JISNVC/2014/920553/a920553.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Godfrey C Xuereb, Pauline Anderson-Johnson, Dalip Ragoobirsingh and Errol Morrison. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 149397, Journal of Research in Diabetes, 13 pages. Abstract: The aim of this research was to evaluate if the training on the use of the “Protocol for the Nutritional Management of Obesity, Diabetes and Hypertension in the Caribbean” improves the quality of care delivered to patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Jamaica, Guyana, Belize, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Suriname. The main goals of the protocol were to improve the standards of care for diabetics in the Caribbean region by providing tools essential for nutrition management. This study looked at healthcare professionals from the five countries and evaluated practice change following continuing professional development (CPD), in the use of the protocol. The training consisted of a two and a half day workshop led by the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute (CFNI). The training overviewed noncommunicable diseases in the region and the role of nutrition management; nutrition assessment and the management processes.The 279 participants for the CPD were chosen by the respective Ministries of Health. Of these, 133 were randomly selected by the national coordinators for a chart audit. For each healthcare professional, up to ten patients, medical charts were randomly selected totaling 1140 (25% male and 75% female) charts selected from the five countries. An evaluation instrument was developed and used for the audit and results were analysed using McNemar test to establish change. A statistical improvement in the quality of care following CPD was found through the chart audit, showing that using a protocol of care improves practice in primary care settings in the Caribbean.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/DIAB/2014/149397/a149397.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Godfrey C Xuereb, Pauline Anderson-Johnson, Dalip Ragoobirsingh and Errol Morrison. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 149397, Journal of Research in Diabetes, 13 pages. Abstract: The aim of this research was to evaluate if the training on the use of the “Protocol for the Nutritional Management of Obesity, Diabetes and Hypertension in the Caribbean” improves the quality of care delivered to patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Jamaica, Guyana, Belize, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Suriname. The main goals of the protocol were to improve the standards of care for diabetics in the Caribbean region by providing tools essential for nutrition management. This study looked at healthcare professionals from the five countries and evaluated practice change following continuing professional development (CPD), in the use of the protocol. The training consisted of a two and a half day workshop led by the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute (CFNI). The training overviewed noncommunicable diseases in the region and the role of nutrition management; nutrition assessment and the management processes.The 279 participants for the CPD were chosen by the respective Ministries of Health. Of these, 133 were randomly selected by the national coordinators for a chart audit. For each healthcare professional, up to ten patients, medical charts were randomly selected totaling 1140 (25% male and 75% female) charts selected from the five countries. An evaluation instrument was developed and used for the audit and results were analysed using McNemar test to establish change. A statistical improvement in the quality of care following CPD was found through the chart audit, showing that using a protocol of care improves practice in primary care settings in the Caribbean.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/DIAB/2014/149397/a149397.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Magda Mohasseb and Gihane Ibrahim Khalil. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 837473, Journal of Research in Obesity, 14 pages. Abstract: Overweight and obesity are the leading causes for the development of multiple adverse metabolic effects. Retinol Binding Protein 4 (RBP4), a peptide secreted from adipocytes and hepatocytes, provides a new link between obesity and insulin resistance. The objective of this work is to determine RBP4 serum levels and evaluate its relationship with serum testosterone (T), serum estradiol (E2), E2/T ratio and insulin resistance in overweight and obese Egyptian men. The study included 65 men which were subdivided into (20 normal weight, 20overweight and 25 obese). Their mean age was (43.88±5.52). Serum RBP4 was measured by  the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Serum RBP4 and E2/T ratio were significantly higher, while serum T was significantly lower in overweight and obese groups as compared with normal weight group. In all subjects, serum RBP4 correlated positively with BMI, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), HOMA-IR, serum E2 and E2/T ratio. In contrast, it correlated negatively with quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) and serum T. In multiple linear regression analysis serum RBP4 was independently associated with E2/T ratio. It could be concluded that serum RBP4 is elevated in overweight and obese as compared with normal weight subjects, and that the disturbance in E2/T ratio seem to affect RBP4 serum levels and insulin sensitivity in obese men.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/OBES/2014/837473/a837473.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Magda Mohasseb and Gihane Ibrahim Khalil. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 837473, Journal of Research in Obesity, 14 pages. Abstract: Overweight and obesity are the leading causes for the development of multiple adverse metabolic effects. Retinol Binding Protein 4 (RBP4), a peptide secreted from adipocytes and hepatocytes, provides a new link between obesity and insulin resistance. The objective of this work is to determine RBP4 serum levels and evaluate its relationship with serum testosterone (T), serum estradiol (E2), E2/T ratio and insulin resistance in overweight and obese Egyptian men. The study included 65 men which were subdivided into (20 normal weight, 20overweight and 25 obese). Their mean age was (43.88±5.52). Serum RBP4 was measured by  the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Serum RBP4 and E2/T ratio were significantly higher, while serum T was significantly lower in overweight and obese groups as compared with normal weight group. In all subjects, serum RBP4 correlated positively with BMI, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), HOMA-IR, serum E2 and E2/T ratio. In contrast, it correlated negatively with quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) and serum T. In multiple linear regression analysis serum RBP4 was independently associated with E2/T ratio. It could be concluded that serum RBP4 is elevated in overweight and obese as compared with normal weight subjects, and that the disturbance in E2/T ratio seem to affect RBP4 serum levels and insulin sensitivity in obese men.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/OBES/2014/837473/a837473.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Alper Çelikten, Muzaffer Metin, Adnan Sayar, Atilla Pekçolaklar, Necati Çitak, Abdulaziz Kök and Atilla Gürses. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 976253, Journal of Respiratory Medicine Research and Treatment, 4 pages. Abstract: Iatrogenic foreign bodies are rare after thoracic surgery.  We report a lung cancer patient who expectorated a piece of gauze. A video-assisted mediastinoscopic lymphadenectomy for lung cancer staging had been performed two years ago. We performed a rigid bronchoscopy and  gauze that was placed to the left paratracheal area which had migrated into the endobronchial space and was removed from the angle of the lower trachea and the right main bronchi. The patient had a full recovery.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/RESP/2014/976253/a976253.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Alper Çelikten, Muzaffer Metin, Adnan Sayar, Atilla Pekçolaklar, Necati Çitak, Abdulaziz Kök and Atilla Gürses. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 976253, Journal of Respiratory Medicine Research and Treatment, 4 pages. Abstract: Iatrogenic foreign bodies are rare after thoracic surgery.  We report a lung cancer patient who expectorated a piece of gauze. A video-assisted mediastinoscopic lymphadenectomy for lung cancer staging had been performed two years ago. We performed a rigid bronchoscopy and  gauze that was placed to the left paratracheal area which had migrated into the endobronchial space and was removed from the angle of the lower trachea and the right main bronchi. The patient had a full recovery.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/RESP/2014/976253/a976253.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Yoen T.K. van der Linden, Koop Bosscha and Olivier H.J. Koning. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 478028, International Journal of Case Reports in Medicine, 5 pages. Abstract: A lymphocele is one of the known postoperative complications after surgery in the inguinal region, like lymph node resections and vascular cannulation. No standardized treatment is defined. We report a case of a patient with a lymphocele after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair and a review of the applicable literature. After an initial non operative policy, exploration using an intradermal injection of isosulfan blue dye in the webspace between digitus 1 and 2 of the ipsilateral foot leads to the identification of the lymphatic leak. Ligation of the leak and excision of the remaining lymphocele resolved the problem for this patient.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/IJCRM/2014/478028/a478028.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Yoen T.K. van der Linden, Koop Bosscha and Olivier H.J. Koning. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 478028, International Journal of Case Reports in Medicine, 5 pages. Abstract: A lymphocele is one of the known postoperative complications after surgery in the inguinal region, like lymph node resections and vascular cannulation. No standardized treatment is defined. We report a case of a patient with a lymphocele after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair and a review of the applicable literature. After an initial non operative policy, exploration using an intradermal injection of isosulfan blue dye in the webspace between digitus 1 and 2 of the ipsilateral foot leads to the identification of the lymphatic leak. Ligation of the leak and excision of the remaining lymphocele resolved the problem for this patient.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/IJCRM/2014/478028/a478028.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Ojeka Stephen Aanu, Iyoha Francis Odianonsen and Obigbemi Imoleayo Foyeke. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 301176, Journal of Accounting and Auditing: Research & Practice, 12 pages. Abstract: Audit Committee role is very important to the protection of shareholders and other stakeholders interests. This research study explores the influence of audit committee effectiveness on firm’s performance using four characteristics: independence, financial expertise, size, and meetings of the audit committee. The performance measures were Return on Equity (ROE), Return on Asset (ROA) and Return on Capital Employed (ROCE).  Twenty- five (25) manufacturing firms were selected and from which data were collected for the period (2004-2011). Empirical analysis was carried out using regression and correlation. The result of the analysis showed a positive significant relationship between independence and financial expertise of the audit committee and ROA, ROE and ROCE. However, the size and meetings of audit committee showed no significant relationship with all performance variables. This study therefore recommends that the audit committee should be made more effective by ensuring that members are made up of independent non-executive directors and also ensure that more members with financial expertise especially accounting expertise be drafted into the audit committee and lastly ensure that audit committee meetings are tailored towards relevant issues that enhance the financial performance of the firm.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JAARP/2014/301176/a301176.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Ojeka Stephen Aanu, Iyoha Francis Odianonsen and Obigbemi Imoleayo Foyeke. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 301176, Journal of Accounting and Auditing: Research & Practice, 12 pages. Abstract: Audit Committee role is very important to the protection of shareholders and other stakeholders interests. This research study explores the influence of audit committee effectiveness on firm’s performance using four characteristics: independence, financial expertise, size, and meetings of the audit committee. The performance measures were Return on Equity (ROE), Return on Asset (ROA) and Return on Capital Employed (ROCE).  Twenty- five (25) manufacturing firms were selected and from which data were collected for the period (2004-2011). Empirical analysis was carried out using regression and correlation. The result of the analysis showed a positive significant relationship between independence and financial expertise of the audit committee and ROA, ROE and ROCE. However, the size and meetings of audit committee showed no significant relationship with all performance variables. This study therefore recommends that the audit committee should be made more effective by ensuring that members are made up of independent non-executive directors and also ensure that more members with financial expertise especially accounting expertise be drafted into the audit committee and lastly ensure that audit committee meetings are tailored towards relevant issues that enhance the financial performance of the firm.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JAARP/2014/301176/a301176.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Christophe Storaï and Laetitia Rinieri. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 292497, Journal of e-Learning & Higher Education, 16 pages. Abstract: In today's fast-globalizing world, the much-hyped concept of place branding has become critical for regions in fierce global competition to capture and secure geographically-mobile investment. In this environment, the effort to attract and promote inward investment is a challenge requiring coordination across several fronts, where socio-economic fabric along with skilled qualified human resources emerges high on the list of critical variables. Corsica is an island economy marked by the complete absence of any of the big holdings and multinationals that fuel and forge the worldwide economy. Equally absent are any of the kind of medium-sized enterprises servicing big business that have spearheaded local economies in other regions like Lombardy. Corsica's economic fabric is essentially made up of small and home businesses, farm smallholdings, artisans and small-scale retail. Given how public-sector capital investment is already hypertrophied, a policy of investment in human capital could be a compelling new opportunity to trigger a dynamic regional development impetus. Leading the way, the University Institute of Technology Corsica, Corsica University’s affiliated school of applied vocational technologies, is demonstrating its ability to act as a structurally engaged facilitator of island-wide spatial planning and regional branding. As a founding pillar in pioneering the emergence of a sandwich-course training system in higher education in Corsica, in 2010 the university made its entire training curriculum fully accessible to all, through the signature of apprenticeship training or vocational qualifications agreements. After highlighting the specific features of the sandwich training policy development process in Corsica as a shaper of the Regional Vocational Development Programme, this paper brings an analysis of the lessons learned from the pioneering example of the University Institute of Technology Corsica as a dynamic engineer of structured future and regional brand for Corsica.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JELHE/2014/292497/a292497.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Christophe Storaï and Laetitia Rinieri. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 292497, Journal of e-Learning & Higher Education, 16 pages. Abstract: In today's fast-globalizing world, the much-hyped concept of place branding has become critical for regions in fierce global competition to capture and secure geographically-mobile investment. In this environment, the effort to attract and promote inward investment is a challenge requiring coordination across several fronts, where socio-economic fabric along with skilled qualified human resources emerges high on the list of critical variables. Corsica is an island economy marked by the complete absence of any of the big holdings and multinationals that fuel and forge the worldwide economy. Equally absent are any of the kind of medium-sized enterprises servicing big business that have spearheaded local economies in other regions like Lombardy. Corsica's economic fabric is essentially made up of small and home businesses, farm smallholdings, artisans and small-scale retail. Given how public-sector capital investment is already hypertrophied, a policy of investment in human capital could be a compelling new opportunity to trigger a dynamic regional development impetus. Leading the way, the University Institute of Technology Corsica, Corsica University’s affiliated school of applied vocational technologies, is demonstrating its ability to act as a structurally engaged facilitator of island-wide spatial planning and regional branding. As a founding pillar in pioneering the emergence of a sandwich-course training system in higher education in Corsica, in 2010 the university made its entire training curriculum fully accessible to all, through the signature of apprenticeship training or vocational qualifications agreements. After highlighting the specific features of the sandwich training policy development process in Corsica as a shaper of the Regional Vocational Development Programme, this paper brings an analysis of the lessons learned from the pioneering example of the University Institute of Technology Corsica as a dynamic engineer of structured future and regional brand for Corsica.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JELHE/2014/292497/a292497.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Esra Basol and Ozgur Dogerlioglu. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 273364, Journal of Organizational Management Studies, 13 pages. Abstract: Increasing organizational effectiveness is one of the most important organizational goals for almost all organizations in every industry. This study reviews the function of organizational structure for increasing organizational effectiveness especially by focusing on software industry organizations. The structural variables considered in this research are formalization, specialization, centralization, organizational age and size. The survey prepared according to the research model was responded by 120 software firms. The collected data were analyzed using statistical test techniques. The findings show that formalization and specialization increase organizational effectiveness. On the other hand, increasing the organizational size decreases the organizational effectiveness. The results indicate that software companies should stay at small scales in their organizational size while increasing their organizational performances with the help of specialization and formalization.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JOMS/2014/273364/273364.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Esra Basol and Ozgur Dogerlioglu. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 273364, Journal of Organizational Management Studies, 13 pages. Abstract: Increasing organizational effectiveness is one of the most important organizational goals for almost all organizations in every industry. This study reviews the function of organizational structure for increasing organizational effectiveness especially by focusing on software industry organizations. The structural variables considered in this research are formalization, specialization, centralization, organizational age and size. The survey prepared according to the research model was responded by 120 software firms. The collected data were analyzed using statistical test techniques. The findings show that formalization and specialization increase organizational effectiveness. On the other hand, increasing the organizational size decreases the organizational effectiveness. The results indicate that software companies should stay at small scales in their organizational size while increasing their organizational performances with the help of specialization and formalization.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JOMS/2014/273364/273364.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Emil Kupek. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 210663, JMED Research, 12 pages. Abstract: There is a paucity of publications on regional variations in seroprevalence of infectious diseases in blood donors within Brazilian states, so that suitable time trends can be derived for major demographic groups. A population study of blood donors in the southern state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, was conducted using all computerized records of the blood donors submitted to serologic screening in 2010. The subjects were predominantly male (57.8%), aged 18-25 years (33.5%), did not direct their donation to any specific recipient (55.6%), nor did they provide another blood donation in last 12 months (58.6%). The highest seroprevalence was observed for the hepatitis B markers (3.0% for anti-HBc and 0.2% for HBsAg), followed by those for syphilis (0, 08% VDRL), HIV-1 (0.06%), hepatitis C (0.05%), HTLV1/2 (0.01%) and Chagas disease (0.01%). The risk factors associated with higher seroprevalence were associated with the first time donation, being male and of older age. Large regional variations were observed, with the Far West region reaching 7% of anti-HBc and 0.5% of HBsAg positive, and the Midwest region showing 0.1% HIV-positive donors. Hepatits B markers of both lifetime and recent infection reached a high level among blood donor candidates in Santa Catarina in 2010 and remain the foremost serological deferral criterion, despite some evidence of the reduced transmission rate compared to the beginning of the decade. The seroprevalence of other sexually transmitted infections (HIV, syphilis) also persisted on a level too high for a blood donor population, implying even higher prevalence in the general population.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JMED/2014/210663/a210663.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Emil Kupek. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 210663, JMED Research, 12 pages. Abstract: There is a paucity of publications on regional variations in seroprevalence of infectious diseases in blood donors within Brazilian states, so that suitable time trends can be derived for major demographic groups. A population study of blood donors in the southern state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, was conducted using all computerized records of the blood donors submitted to serologic screening in 2010. The subjects were predominantly male (57.8%), aged 18-25 years (33.5%), did not direct their donation to any specific recipient (55.6%), nor did they provide another blood donation in last 12 months (58.6%). The highest seroprevalence was observed for the hepatitis B markers (3.0% for anti-HBc and 0.2% for HBsAg), followed by those for syphilis (0, 08% VDRL), HIV-1 (0.06%), hepatitis C (0.05%), HTLV1/2 (0.01%) and Chagas disease (0.01%). The risk factors associated with higher seroprevalence were associated with the first time donation, being male and of older age. Large regional variations were observed, with the Far West region reaching 7% of anti-HBc and 0.5% of HBsAg positive, and the Midwest region showing 0.1% HIV-positive donors. Hepatits B markers of both lifetime and recent infection reached a high level among blood donor candidates in Santa Catarina in 2010 and remain the foremost serological deferral criterion, despite some evidence of the reduced transmission rate compared to the beginning of the decade. The seroprevalence of other sexually transmitted infections (HIV, syphilis) also persisted on a level too high for a blood donor population, implying even higher prevalence in the general population.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JMED/2014/210663/a210663.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Satoshi Matsui, Hiroko Tsuji, Kazuhiro Nagao and Shinji Ono. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 917068, International Journal of Case Reports in Medicine, 6 pages. Abstract: A 77-year-old man came to our hospital with purpura on lower extremities, severe gross hematuria, and acute kidney injury (AKI). On presentation, he was generally edematous and had no oliguria. Any signs of volume depletion were not detected. After the diagnosis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) was confirmed, we initiated hydration and daily oral administration of prednisolone (PSL) (0.6 mg/kg). AKI improved gradually, but hematuria and fecal occult blood (FOB) did not disappear and sustained for four weeks. Therefore, we added mizoribine (MZR) (1 mg/kg/day) to oral PSL. Three weeks after MZR was administered, both of hematuria and positive FOB resolved. Renal biopsy specimen, after AKI improved, showed some erythrocytes-casts occlusion in distal tubules, not severe mesangial cell proliferation, crescents, IgA depositions, or vasculitis. These pathological pictures suggest that one of the causes of renal manifestations might be erythrocytes-casts occlusion in distal tubules, which is similar to the pathological findings of warfarin-related nephropathy. In our case, massive gross hematuria was observed and supposed to make numerous erythrocytes-casts in tubules, and it might lead to acute tubular injury and AKI. Following his clinical improvement, we tapered oral prednisolone to a dose of 0.4 mg/kg/day and discharged him. This case shows that we should consider occlusive erythrocytes-casts as one of the causes of AKI when we treat HSP patients with severe gross hematuria.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/IJCRM/2014/917068/a917068.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Satoshi Matsui, Hiroko Tsuji, Kazuhiro Nagao and Shinji Ono. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 917068, International Journal of Case Reports in Medicine, 6 pages. Abstract: A 77-year-old man came to our hospital with purpura on lower extremities, severe gross hematuria, and acute kidney injury (AKI). On presentation, he was generally edematous and had no oliguria. Any signs of volume depletion were not detected. After the diagnosis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) was confirmed, we initiated hydration and daily oral administration of prednisolone (PSL) (0.6 mg/kg). AKI improved gradually, but hematuria and fecal occult blood (FOB) did not disappear and sustained for four weeks. Therefore, we added mizoribine (MZR) (1 mg/kg/day) to oral PSL. Three weeks after MZR was administered, both of hematuria and positive FOB resolved. Renal biopsy specimen, after AKI improved, showed some erythrocytes-casts occlusion in distal tubules, not severe mesangial cell proliferation, crescents, IgA depositions, or vasculitis. These pathological pictures suggest that one of the causes of renal manifestations might be erythrocytes-casts occlusion in distal tubules, which is similar to the pathological findings of warfarin-related nephropathy. In our case, massive gross hematuria was observed and supposed to make numerous erythrocytes-casts in tubules, and it might lead to acute tubular injury and AKI. Following his clinical improvement, we tapered oral prednisolone to a dose of 0.4 mg/kg/day and discharged him. This case shows that we should consider occlusive erythrocytes-casts as one of the causes of AKI when we treat HSP patients with severe gross hematuria.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/IJCRM/2014/917068/a917068.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Faisham W. Ismail, Ng Thong Pin, M. Z. Nor Azman, Zulmi Wan, M. D. Salzihan and Mutum S. Samarendra. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 675393, JMED Research, 7 pages. Abstract: We analyzed the p53 expression of 50 consecutive cases of stage III giant cell tumor to determine the clinico-pathological correlation. There were 29 male patients compared to 21 females. The mean age was 36.42 years and ranged from 19 to 66 years. Tumors were located mainly around the knee (48%) followed by distal radius (28%). Sixteen percent (16%) had local recurrence, and twenty four percent (24%) presented with or eventually developed lung metastasis. There were 3 patients who had both local recurrence and pulmonary metastasis. The expression of p53 antigen was evaluated by immuno-histochemical staining techniques, using the avidin-biotin perioxidase complex method, using an LSAB2 kit (Dako, Glostrup, Denmark). The scoring was done by counting the positively stained cell in the background of 1000 mononuclear stromal cells. Data was analyzed using PASW version 18.0. The mean value of p53 index obtained as a percentage of 1000 background cells was 37.68 (ranged 1.00 – 20.0), with standard deviation of 28.33. The p53 index of recurrent tumor was 65.38 compared to 32.42 of those without recurrence, and was statistically significant (mean difference of 32.97 with p value in independent t test of 0.002). The p53 index was also statistically significant in the presence of pulmonary metastases with the mean value of 66.92 compared to 28.45 of those without metastasis (mean difference of 38.47 with p value in independent t test of 0.001). In conclusion, p53 expression is a good prognostic marker to predict the risk of local recurrence and lung metastasis in the giant cell tumor of the bone.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JMED/2014/675393/a675393.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Faisham W. Ismail, Ng Thong Pin, M. Z. Nor Azman, Zulmi Wan, M. D. Salzihan and Mutum S. Samarendra. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 675393, JMED Research, 7 pages. Abstract: We analyzed the p53 expression of 50 consecutive cases of stage III giant cell tumor to determine the clinico-pathological correlation. There were 29 male patients compared to 21 females. The mean age was 36.42 years and ranged from 19 to 66 years. Tumors were located mainly around the knee (48%) followed by distal radius (28%). Sixteen percent (16%) had local recurrence, and twenty four percent (24%) presented with or eventually developed lung metastasis. There were 3 patients who had both local recurrence and pulmonary metastasis. The expression of p53 antigen was evaluated by immuno-histochemical staining techniques, using the avidin-biotin perioxidase complex method, using an LSAB2 kit (Dako, Glostrup, Denmark). The scoring was done by counting the positively stained cell in the background of 1000 mononuclear stromal cells. Data was analyzed using PASW version 18.0. The mean value of p53 index obtained as a percentage of 1000 background cells was 37.68 (ranged 1.00 – 20.0), with standard deviation of 28.33. The p53 index of recurrent tumor was 65.38 compared to 32.42 of those without recurrence, and was statistically significant (mean difference of 32.97 with p value in independent t test of 0.002). The p53 index was also statistically significant in the presence of pulmonary metastases with the mean value of 66.92 compared to 28.45 of those without metastasis (mean difference of 38.47 with p value in independent t test of 0.001). In conclusion, p53 expression is a good prognostic marker to predict the risk of local recurrence and lung metastasis in the giant cell tumor of the bone.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JMED/2014/675393/a675393.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Rona Antoni, Kelly L. Johnston, Adam L. Collins and M. Denise Robertson. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 459119, Research in Endocrinology, 23 pages. Abstract: Intermittent energy restriction (IER) has become the subject of considerable scientific interest as a potential dietary approach for weight-loss and improving cardiometabolic health. This approach involves intermittent periods of total or partial energy restriction (ER) alternated with non-restricted intake, and has been studied in rodent and human populations. This review aims to provide an overview of the IER literature to date, with a specific focus on its effects on cardiometabolic health indices in rodents and humans. Current evidence from studies in rodents and humans suggests that IER is capable of promoting weight-loss and/or favourably influencing an array of cardiometabolic health indices, with equal or greater efficacy than conventional continuous ER approaches. Putative mechanisms include the effects of IER on adipose tissue physiology, stress resistance and fat distribution within visceral and intra-hepatic sites. However, a large proportion of this mechanistic evidence is limited to indirect observations and/or has come from rodent studies requiring translation into humans. Furthermore, whilst there are some indications that total IER and the array of partial IER protocols which have been developed may elicit distinct biological effects, our knowledge around this is limited as only a small number of rodent studies have directly addressed this. Ultimately, whilst much remains to be learned about IER, including its mechanisms of action and long-term efficacy, the positive findings to date serve to highlight promising avenues for future research.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/ENDO/2014/459119/a459119.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Rona Antoni, Kelly L. Johnston, Adam L. Collins and M. Denise Robertson. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 459119, Research in Endocrinology, 23 pages. Abstract: Intermittent energy restriction (IER) has become the subject of considerable scientific interest as a potential dietary approach for weight-loss and improving cardiometabolic health. This approach involves intermittent periods of total or partial energy restriction (ER) alternated with non-restricted intake, and has been studied in rodent and human populations. This review aims to provide an overview of the IER literature to date, with a specific focus on its effects on cardiometabolic health indices in rodents and humans. Current evidence from studies in rodents and humans suggests that IER is capable of promoting weight-loss and/or favourably influencing an array of cardiometabolic health indices, with equal or greater efficacy than conventional continuous ER approaches. Putative mechanisms include the effects of IER on adipose tissue physiology, stress resistance and fat distribution within visceral and intra-hepatic sites. However, a large proportion of this mechanistic evidence is limited to indirect observations and/or has come from rodent studies requiring translation into humans. Furthermore, whilst there are some indications that total IER and the array of partial IER protocols which have been developed may elicit distinct biological effects, our knowledge around this is limited as only a small number of rodent studies have directly addressed this. Ultimately, whilst much remains to be learned about IER, including its mechanisms of action and long-term efficacy, the positive findings to date serve to highlight promising avenues for future research.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/ENDO/2014/459119/a459119.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Toshiaki Kakimoto, Tomoko Iwanaga and Hiroaki Kanouchi. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 141449, International Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Research & Reports, 7 pages. Abstract: Many human epidemiologic studies have reported associations between plasma homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations and cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and osteoporosis. However, few studies have examined the relationship between Hcy and disease in dogs. In this study, we investigated the relationship between canine plasma Hcy concentrations and sex, age, breed, size; spay/neuter status, and disease. Plasma Hcy concentrations were related to sex and age, but the correlations were very weak. ShibaInu dogs and Labrador Retrievers had a higher risk of hyperhomocysteinemia than other breeds. We compared the plasma Hcy concentrations of healthy control dogs with those of dogs with heart, inflammatory, bone and joint, nervous system, neoplastic, skin, and kidney diseases. The mean plasma Hcy concentrations of dogs with cardiovascular, neoplasia, skin, and kidney diseases were significantly different from those of controls. However, multivariate logistic regression (parameters: Hcy concentration, age, sex, and spay/neuter status) revealed a significant relationship between only skin disease and plasma Hcy concentration. The odds ratio (per 1 μmol/l increase of Hcy) was 1.077 (95% confidence interval 1.00–1.158, p<0.05). Plasma Hcy concentrations significantly differ among dog breeds, and there is a relationship between high plasma Hcy concentration and skin disease.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/IJVMR/2014/141449/a141449.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Toshiaki Kakimoto, Tomoko Iwanaga and Hiroaki Kanouchi. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 141449, International Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Research & Reports, 7 pages. Abstract: Many human epidemiologic studies have reported associations between plasma homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations and cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and osteoporosis. However, few studies have examined the relationship between Hcy and disease in dogs. In this study, we investigated the relationship between canine plasma Hcy concentrations and sex, age, breed, size; spay/neuter status, and disease. Plasma Hcy concentrations were related to sex and age, but the correlations were very weak. ShibaInu dogs and Labrador Retrievers had a higher risk of hyperhomocysteinemia than other breeds. We compared the plasma Hcy concentrations of healthy control dogs with those of dogs with heart, inflammatory, bone and joint, nervous system, neoplastic, skin, and kidney diseases. The mean plasma Hcy concentrations of dogs with cardiovascular, neoplasia, skin, and kidney diseases were significantly different from those of controls. However, multivariate logistic regression (parameters: Hcy concentration, age, sex, and spay/neuter status) revealed a significant relationship between only skin disease and plasma Hcy concentration. The odds ratio (per 1 μmol/l increase of Hcy) was 1.077 (95% confidence interval 1.00–1.158, p<0.05). Plasma Hcy concentrations significantly differ among dog breeds, and there is a relationship between high plasma Hcy concentration and skin disease.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/IJVMR/2014/141449/a141449.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Filip Ježek. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 689987, Journal of Eastern Europe Research in Business and Economics, 10 pages. Abstract: Wealth or poverty assessments are very important parts of the economic theory. The paper describes basic known approaches and points out its advantages and drawbacks. The Utilitarism presents a social welfare function, the Neoclassical Economy developed cardinalist criterions, and the New Welfare Economics suggested ordinalist analysis. Unfortunately all the approaches are connected with some issues. Using GDP as a measure of welfare has a reason - if the economy is growing, so must welfare. Unfortunately, the GDP as a measure of social welfare can be considered problematic because the GDP calculates impacts of economic activities whether they are positive or negative. This and another criticism led to a supplementary theory developing some other indicators, e.g. the human development index. However, even the HDI has its limitations of use. On the other hand, the construction of the HDI enables decomposition of the index and adding some other components to enable taking into account some other phenomenon. Critics of the HDI consider that the HDI does not pay much attention to development from a global perspective and focuses on national ranking. Among others, the HDI also fails to include any freedom or environmental considerations. Therefore, a modification of the HDI index is presented in the article by taking into account economic freedom and environmental issues. It analyses the impact of this modification with respect to keeping logical relation between welfare and poverty. The empirical analysis showed that considering economic freedom and environmental issues as a part of social welfare leads to the consideration of social welfare to be worse.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JEERBE/2014/689987/a689987.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Filip Ježek. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 689987, Journal of Eastern Europe Research in Business and Economics, 10 pages. Abstract: Wealth or poverty assessments are very important parts of the economic theory. The paper describes basic known approaches and points out its advantages and drawbacks. The Utilitarism presents a social welfare function, the Neoclassical Economy developed cardinalist criterions, and the New Welfare Economics suggested ordinalist analysis. Unfortunately all the approaches are connected with some issues. Using GDP as a measure of welfare has a reason - if the economy is growing, so must welfare. Unfortunately, the GDP as a measure of social welfare can be considered problematic because the GDP calculates impacts of economic activities whether they are positive or negative. This and another criticism led to a supplementary theory developing some other indicators, e.g. the human development index. However, even the HDI has its limitations of use. On the other hand, the construction of the HDI enables decomposition of the index and adding some other components to enable taking into account some other phenomenon. Critics of the HDI consider that the HDI does not pay much attention to development from a global perspective and focuses on national ranking. Among others, the HDI also fails to include any freedom or environmental considerations. Therefore, a modification of the HDI index is presented in the article by taking into account economic freedom and environmental issues. It analyses the impact of this modification with respect to keeping logical relation between welfare and poverty. The empirical analysis showed that considering economic freedom and environmental issues as a part of social welfare leads to the consideration of social welfare to be worse.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JEERBE/2014/689987/a689987.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Ashraf E. Eskander, Samira I. Ibrahim  and Mushira A. Dahaba. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 948300, Journal of Research and Practice in Dentistry, 18 pages. Abstract: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the type of clasp assembly used in tooth-implant-supported partial over-dentures on the supporting structures of the abutment and the implant. Fourteen partially edentulous male patients, mandibular Kennedy class II, were selected with #21 or #28 as the last standing tooth. Each patient received a skeleton partial over-denture supported by a single root-form implant in the area of #18 or #31. Patients were divided into two equal groups; group I received an implant-supported partial over-denture with a metallic gingivally approaching retentive arm, while group II received the same denture design but with a thermoelastic resin (Versacryl) gingivally approaching retentive arm. Evaluation of the terminal abutment and the implant was carried out both clinically and radiographically at the time of insertion, six and twelve months later. There was no statistically significant difference (P>0.05) in the gingival index scores or bone height changes in both groups. However, after twelve months, patients of group II showed a statistically significantly lower mean amount of bone loss (P≤0.05) compared to those of group I. Similarly, no statistically significant difference (P>0.05) was observed between the mean bone density measurements in both groups after six months. However, after twelve months, patients of group II showed a statistically significant increase in the mean bone density measurements (P≤ 0.05) compared to those of group I. The use of thermoelastic clasps was better accepted by the patients. Both, the implants and the abutments reacted more favorably with the use of Versacryl clasps.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/DENT/2014/948300/a948300.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Ashraf E. Eskander, Samira I. Ibrahim  and Mushira A. Dahaba. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 948300, Journal of Research and Practice in Dentistry, 18 pages. Abstract: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the type of clasp assembly used in tooth-implant-supported partial over-dentures on the supporting structures of the abutment and the implant. Fourteen partially edentulous male patients, mandibular Kennedy class II, were selected with #21 or #28 as the last standing tooth. Each patient received a skeleton partial over-denture supported by a single root-form implant in the area of #18 or #31. Patients were divided into two equal groups; group I received an implant-supported partial over-denture with a metallic gingivally approaching retentive arm, while group II received the same denture design but with a thermoelastic resin (Versacryl) gingivally approaching retentive arm. Evaluation of the terminal abutment and the implant was carried out both clinically and radiographically at the time of insertion, six and twelve months later. There was no statistically significant difference (P>0.05) in the gingival index scores or bone height changes in both groups. However, after twelve months, patients of group II showed a statistically significantly lower mean amount of bone loss (P≤0.05) compared to those of group I. Similarly, no statistically significant difference (P>0.05) was observed between the mean bone density measurements in both groups after six months. However, after twelve months, patients of group II showed a statistically significant increase in the mean bone density measurements (P≤ 0.05) compared to those of group I. The use of thermoelastic clasps was better accepted by the patients. Both, the implants and the abutments reacted more favorably with the use of Versacryl clasps.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/DENT/2014/948300/a948300.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Irina Pashkova, Irina Gilevich and Vladimir Porhanov. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 999630, Research in Immunology: An International Journal, 8 pages. Abstract: Passenger lymphocyte syndrome develops after non-identical solid transplantations and may cause acute hemolytic anemia. A standard treatment for such patients is not known. We have reported 2 cases of hemolytic anemia developed during the early postoperative period after liver transplantation and our therapeutic approach. Both patients showed AB Rh (D) positive blood type. The donors had B Rh (D) positive. Pretransplant HLA screening showed lack of antibodies. The first patient developed severe anemia on 16 posttransplantation day. The second patient was noticed with decreased hemoglobin and the increased of the liver enzymes on 5 day after transplantation. The liver biopsy of the second patient showed immunological damage features. In both cases anti-A1 antibodies were determined by indirect antiglobulin test (IAT) applying elution techniques, heat autocontrol was also positive. In all patients the direct antiglobulin test (DAT) was positive.  The first patient was in stable conditions and did not demand any specific therapy. In the second case the pulse therapy with methylprednisolone (MP), and the plasmapheresis was initiated. Both patients were transfused with 0 RBC washed concentrates. The DAT became negative by 40 day after surgery. The patients were discharged in stable conditions after performed treatment. Since we suppose the possible development of hemolytic crisis after ABO non-identical transplantation in future, we have included the immunohematological assays such as monitoring DAT along with HLA antibody screening in post-transplant period. In our opinion, the results of DAT and the antibodies specificity in eluate should be considered when transfusion of RBC is indicated.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/IMMU/2014/999630/a999630.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Irina Pashkova, Irina Gilevich and Vladimir Porhanov. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 999630, Research in Immunology: An International Journal, 8 pages. Abstract: Passenger lymphocyte syndrome develops after non-identical solid transplantations and may cause acute hemolytic anemia. A standard treatment for such patients is not known. We have reported 2 cases of hemolytic anemia developed during the early postoperative period after liver transplantation and our therapeutic approach. Both patients showed AB Rh (D) positive blood type. The donors had B Rh (D) positive. Pretransplant HLA screening showed lack of antibodies. The first patient developed severe anemia on 16 posttransplantation day. The second patient was noticed with decreased hemoglobin and the increased of the liver enzymes on 5 day after transplantation. The liver biopsy of the second patient showed immunological damage features. In both cases anti-A1 antibodies were determined by indirect antiglobulin test (IAT) applying elution techniques, heat autocontrol was also positive. In all patients the direct antiglobulin test (DAT) was positive.  The first patient was in stable conditions and did not demand any specific therapy. In the second case the pulse therapy with methylprednisolone (MP), and the plasmapheresis was initiated. Both patients were transfused with 0 RBC washed concentrates. The DAT became negative by 40 day after surgery. The patients were discharged in stable conditions after performed treatment. Since we suppose the possible development of hemolytic crisis after ABO non-identical transplantation in future, we have included the immunohematological assays such as monitoring DAT along with HLA antibody screening in post-transplant period. In our opinion, the results of DAT and the antibodies specificity in eluate should be considered when transfusion of RBC is indicated.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/IMMU/2014/999630/a999630.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04

Diego G. Ulate-Segura and Julio F. Mata-Segreda. Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 970016, International Journal of Renewable Energy & Biofuels, 7 pages. Abstract: Differential drying curves at constant temperature provide a means of assessing the relative diffusivity of water in porous solids such as mineral and lignocellulosic biomass materials. Determination of the critical extent of drying (xc) at which there is a kinetic transition from constant drying rate to decreasing drying rate allows the comparison of water diffusivity between materials.  The mean xc value of two porous mineral materials and two ion-exchange resins was 0.68±0.08, and for six residual lignocellulosic biomasses xc was 0.27±0.07, a significant higher than two-fold difference (p < 0.01).  The findings are discussed from a microscopic structural viewpoint.

http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/IJREB/2014/970016/a970016.html 2014/07/16 - 15:04