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Kosmos
Astronomia Astrofizyka
Inne

Kultura
Sztuka dawna i współczesna, muzea i kolekcje

Metoda
Metodologia nauk, Matematyka, Filozofia, Miary i wagi, Pomiary

Materia
Substancje, reakcje, energia
Fizyka, chemia i inżynieria materiałowa

Człowiek
Antropologia kulturowa Socjologia Psychologia Zdrowie i medycyna

Wizje
Przewidywania Kosmologia Religie Ideologia Polityka

Ziemia
Geologia, geofizyka, geochemia, środowisko przyrodnicze

Życie
Biologia, biologia molekularna i genetyka

Cyberprzestrzeń
Technologia cyberprzestrzeni, cyberkultura, media i komunikacja

Działalność
Wiadomości | Gospodarka, biznes, zarządzanie, ekonomia

Technologie
Budownictwo, energetyka, transport, wytwarzanie, technologie informacyjne

Confluenze. Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani

The sovereignty of glance and the primacy of sight represent the Western modern culture far beyond its artistic expression, organizing its philosophical and political conceptuality. They deeply influence the way in which subjects are conceived and constructed in Western modernity. This is the point of departure of the long-distance dialogue between W. E. B. Du Bois and Frantz Fanon staged in the article. Their political thought and militancy developed against the background of experiences – such as slavery and colonialism – characterized by process of construction of subjectivities which appear as “anomalous” with regard to the “standards” set by Modernity.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4438 2014/08/01 - 05:55

Since its foundation Portugal has been seen by others and by itself as, in the words of Eduardo Lourenço, an “uncommon Portuguese exception”. An exception that has historically become a norm firstly built upon the relationship with both the physical and political body of Iberia, leading afterwards to the independence of the Reign of Portugal. This independence was perceived as an achievement gained through the exceptional and narratively miraculous Battle of Ourique and reaffirmed then thanks to the equally miraculous Battle of Aljubarrota. This sort of vocation for 'exceptionality' was inherent in the geography of the country itself, as Zurara emphasized in ancient times in the first chronicle of its expansion: the Crónica da Tomada de Ceuta.  

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4439 2014/08/01 - 05:55

The article reflects on the concepts of nation and culture and its impact on history and foreign language teaching. Then we construct a mixed conceptual framework from Content and Language Integrated Approach and Intercultural Communicative Competence. After the theoretical considerations, we present a class unit for Spanish-as-a-Foreign-Language students about the meeting between San Martin and Bolivar. From this unit we wish to "decolonize" decolonization treatment and suggest guidelines for new teaching approaches. 

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4440 2014/08/01 - 05:55

This paper analyzes the editorial project Arco do Cego Press within the context of the Enlightenment reform, implemented in the 1750s , in Portugal. Between 1799 and 1801, the Arco do Cego Press published dozens of works whose objective was to disseminate technical and practical knowledge that would broaden the called “useful exploration of colonial products” and also improve the effectiveness of the agricultural production. We investigate specifically the theme of the works published there, trying to understand the extent of the project Arco do Cego Press. Then, we analyze their relevance and limitations.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4442 2014/08/01 - 05:55

Between the fourteenth to fifteenth centuries, archbishops and bishops  reported numerous cases of believers who transgressed the acceptable limits during religious ceremonies organized in around of the churches, especially in the days of processions and the night vigils. To fight against the lawlessness of Portuguese faithful in public space, these religious elaborated a complex list of sermons concerning conduct that the Christian should take in popular festivities. Taking into account the moralizing effort of the synods, we will analyze the means used to regulate parties in this period.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4443 2014/08/01 - 05:55

This paper proposes a critical approach to the novel Hablar con los perros (2011) by Wilmer Urrelo Zárate focused on the relationship that the text raises between the Chaco War, the city space and the problem of historical memory as a field of dispute. From the crossing of the mythic-symbolic and historical, and a complex web of voices, times and narrative sequences, the narrative highlights the effects that the war has produced in society, and confronts the heroic vision supported by the official memory, whose reverse is the concealment of an atrocious experience.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4444 2014/08/01 - 05:55

D. Narcisa de Villar is the only novel written by Ana Luísa de Azevedo Castro, published in 1859. In this novel, the women and the native people represent the resistance to the patriarchal, colonialist and enslaver society. As in other nineteenth century female authorship’s novels, D. Narcisa de Villar denounces the institutional and symbolical violence, which interlines the construction of the Brazilian nation, disestablishing, in this way, the configuration of the national identity, since she gave voice to the subaltern voices.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4445 2014/08/01 - 05:55

There is some consensus among experts to emphasize the importance of the European models in the configuration of the "Historiographical space of Río de la Plata" in the nineteenth century. However, other contributions have been overlooked, particularly Brazil (“Historical and Geographical Institute of Brazil”). This article aims to clarify the influence of Brazilian authors and institutions, between the 1830s and 1860s, on the lawyers from Río de la Plata who articulated the first stories of nationalist character that have contributed to define the collective identity of Uruguay and Argentina

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4446 2014/08/01 - 05:55

The modernization process is analyzed here in two peripheral realities of the world system - nineteenth-century Brazil and Sicily - as depicted in La guerra del fin del mundo and in Il gattopardo. In particular, we show how in the world that Vargas Llosa creates there is no social class capable of becoming the leader of the transition towards a modern society that responds to the needs and nature of an independent Brazil. This absence leads to resistances and catastrophic conflicts. Resistance and conflicts help explaining the phenomenon of opposition to the advance of modernity that we are witnessing today.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4447 2014/08/01 - 05:55

Four of the historical novels of Arturo Pérez-Reverte are set in the context of the Napoleonic era. The skilful descriptive ability of the author focus primarily on the military aspect: it is the character’s perspective, involved in war actions, which provides an interesting interpretation of the period, through a subjective evaluation which often departs from documentary work.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4448 2014/08/01 - 05:55

The recent mobilization processes in Bolivia transformed radically the political system until to create e New Constitution (2009) and accordingly an Unitary Social law State, plurinational and communitarian ("Estado Unitario Social de Derecho Plurinacional Comunitario"). What occurred in Bolivia could be similarly to a moment in which the nation creates the state, therefore this country originally with only one nation become to be auto recognized as a territory of many nations, the "naciones originarias". This article analyze the challenges and crossroads of the Bolivian State in order to guarantied the establishment of a plurinacional nation, democratic, productive, pacific, committed with the integral development and autonomy of their people

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4248 2014/03/24 - 12:42

In this article, we analysed the reports of Gustav Strobel, German immigrant who came to Brazil in 1854. The author had over 60 years when prepared the final text, in the early twentieth century. We seek to evaluate the potential of this source for the reconstitution of immigrant communities, as well articulate the "political discourse" the author with the image of German immigrant and national population he built throughout the story. His memories function as arguments against a speech to the thesis of "German danger" force in Brazil during the first decades of the twentieth century.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4158 2014/01/30 - 00:34

In this article I want to show the forms and narrative topos that support the biographical narrative of Ecuadorian migrant women which I have collected the life histories. The life of witnesses seems to be characterized by the rebellion that already appears in adolescence and that once adult, will lead the women to escape his fate emigrating. The narrative structure is similar to the formation of novel whose protagonist is the migrant / heroine who after many difficulties and with God's help manages to triumph and achieve their goals.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4159 2014/01/30 - 00:34

In this essay I propose to illustrate multiple reading possibilities about life story of Peruvian artist of Italian origins, Juan Orsi, through his narrative, work and personal map drawn by him during our interview to discuss: the transmission of a 'duty of migration' that his receives from his Italian great- grandfather arrived to Perù, emotional geography that links Europe with their land of origin and Amazonian shipiba cosmography of indigenuos group which described as visual language that allows the artist and the migrant to create a channel of communication with cultural constellation which takes shape mutiple their sense of belonging, an intimate dialogue between various origins. 

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4160 2014/01/30 - 00:34

Using documents produced by the Geographical Society of Lisbon and the Geographical Society of Madrid, and studies of some of theirs most important members, this article focuses on the importance of emigration in the nineteenth century Iberian debates within the two entities on issues as empire, colonization and economic development of both countries.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4161 2014/01/30 - 00:34

Taking in consideration the intertextual and biographical influence of the works of Jorge Luis Borges on the works of Julian Barnes, this article seeks to focus on certain borgian traces that speak of the status of literature in the present time. Starting with the image of the “museum and the encyclopedia” we can read Borges from a barnesian point of view and viceversa, while insisting in the relativity of any kind of order and classification. We shall start with the essential distrust that both authors show towards language. No one can deny that in the literary and critic landscape of our time Borges is a difficult character to overcome or ignore which we will use as a reading and writing mechanism.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4162 2014/01/30 - 00:34

Data from the Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development - OECD - show that Brazil invests in education as a percentage of GDP lower than developed countries and even other countries in South America The Statute of the Child and Adolescent brought in Chapter IV - The Right to Education, Culture, Sport and Recreation to - ensuring the right to education, as well as the duties of the state, the parents or guardians and leaders of institutions of basic education. Thus, this article aims to discuss the right to education and the duty of the state in this endeavor, all from the perspective of constitutional

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4163 2014/01/30 - 00:34

The article focuses on the analysis of two representative ocampiana poetic tales "Cielo de claraboyas" and "La calle Sarandi", both in Viaje olvidado. The hypothesis holds that the uniqueness of childhood ocampian stories lies in the strangeness untraceable narrative voices raise, avoided to a certain identification. This development mainly appeals to notions of "childhood" (Lyotard and Agamben), of "ambiguity" and "fascination" (Blanchot) and "neutrality" (Barthes), interlinked concepts in the theories of the authors themselves.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/4164 2014/01/30 - 00:34

Literature is especially consistent with itself when its capacity to preserve people, things and events in the reader’s memory (objective pietas) promotes a sentiment of compassion and care for the things which are saved because of their caducity (subjective pietas). This latter becomes thus the sentiment which mainly connotes the literary knowledge.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/3751 2013/06/12 - 22:30

This essay attempts to trace, in the work of Aby Warburg and Walter Benjamin, the emergence of a new paradigm regarding critical thinking and historiography. The hypothesis is that, since the advent of the Warburg's Mnemosyne Atlas, and Walter Benjamin's Passagen-Werk, rises an axis of critical-artistic force, covering the entire twentieth century and surviving as primordial event to the contemporary scene. The main feature of this paradigm lies in its particular blend of individual choice and documentary work, which ends in a context of works endowed with multiple affiliations, ethical, political and aesthetic.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/3755 2013/06/12 - 22:30

The publishing house Fondo de Cultura Económica convoked in 1946 Pedro Henríquez Ureña to direct “Biblioteca Americana”, a collection that could wheel out part of the file used in his previous books and also could disseminate the classic and modern continental literature. The director's death just traced the plan left the partial execution in the hands of his sister Camila. This article explores the relationship between file, cultural memory and library and links the enterprises dedicated to disclose Latin American literature, establishing the relevant intellectual relations.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/3752 2013/06/12 - 22:30

This article aims to address some issues related to digital archives and the challenges they pose to those who work or intend to work with preservation of digital heritage, especially historians. The goal is to present some of these challenges related to the issue of production and preservation of memory in the context of digital, calling attention to the fact that digital archives are characterized by abundance of documents, which can lead to a dilation of our historical memory, but at the same time, suffer from a ephemerality that appears to be bigger than that presented by other types of archives. We also call attention to the fact that the preservation of this type of archive can be difficult not only for technical reasons but for economic and legal issues.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/3753 2013/06/12 - 22:30

Starting from two books, Inventory of Scars by Alex Polari, and K. by Bernardo Kucinski, this article analyses the place of literature in dealing with painful historical experiences in Brazil under the last dictatorship (1964-85). In these works, the notion of perplexity is associated with different strategies of memory as the registration of prison experience for future acknowledgment or the post reorganization of remembrances about the search for a missing person. In both cases, the poetic or fictional approach is fundamental for the mimesis of a damaged life and justifies the hypothesis of “perplexity” as a possible way of translating the “immensurable” experienced during that historical process.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/3756 2013/06/12 - 22:30

Memory studies in Uruguay are mostly based on testimonies and interpretations of the victims of State terrorism. Instead, our approach will underline the “frozen memory” of the National Party regarding some recent historical issues – inter alia the Pact of the Navy Club and the 1984 national elections – during the Parliamentary approval of the Ley de Caducidad de la Pretensión Punitiva del Estado, which basically pardoned the army for their crimes. The law was proposed and supported by the National Party in 1986. This frozen memory was fully maintained during the two attempts to cancel the law, in April and October 2011. The purpose of this article is to show and evaluate this particular process.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/3757 2013/06/12 - 22:30

After 35 years from Argentina's last military coup, memory, according to Assmann, is shifting from individual to cultural. In literature this means to continue "speaking the unspeakable" (Reati), which, from WW 2 onward, is a key-point of literary production associated to repression. In this paper we analyze some recent works from a cultural (Sarlo, Vezzetti) and imaginary (Durand, Bachelard) perspective aiming to demonstrate the existence of a new category of testimonies.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/3758 2013/06/12 - 22:30

Since 1990, with the end of the Sandinista Revolution, in Nicaragua have been elaborated different public memories of that process. The revolution’s hegemonic memory within sandinismo has been forged by the FSLN. This collective memory defines the personal narratives of many Sandinistas, but not all of its content. The article describes how a group of Sandinista peasants, in the old agrarian frontier of the country, remembers the revolutionary past. The purpose is to show how they participate in the elaboration and reproduction of that political feat’s oral archive by choosing what and how to remember of that process, depending on the situation and time. The article concludes by analyzing the ties that link the population to that political project and to the party that represents it.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/3760 2013/06/12 - 22:30

Following Nelly Richard’s point of view about the closure of dictatorial past held out by the rhetoric of consensus in Chilean Transition to democracy, this paper examines two literary responses to this closure. On the one hand, Lemebel’s chronicles claim a place for collective memory of the silenced in public space. On the other hand, Bolaño’s novel, Nocturno de Chile, subverts the dictatorial official memory from within. In both cases, the interpretation of the past is problematized, contributing to keep memory alive.

http://confluenze.unibo.it/article/view/3759 2013/06/12 - 22:30