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Annals of Library and Information Studies (ALIS)

Title: A study on preservation and conservation practices in academic libraries in Mumbai

Authors: Sawant, Sarika

Abstract: A survey using a structured questionnaire was
conducted to study preservation and conservation practices in academic
libraries in Mumbai. The study revealed that there was no written policy on
preservation and conservation in nearly all libraries. In addition to the lack
of written preservation policy, the lack of trained manpower and lack of
funding were the main constraints to preservation and conservation practices.
Higher authorities and policy makers need to be convinced to make provision of
staff and budget not just for preservation but seemingly for the long term
survival of libraries.

Page(s): 153-159 2014/07/05 - 14:57

Title: Use of information resources in engineering college libraries of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi Districts: A comparative study

Authors: Lewis, Felcy; Mallaiah, T Y

Abstract: Information is an essential commodity for study,
teaching and research. Libraries in engineering institutions play a crucial
role in fulfilling the information needs of users. A study on the use of
information resources by the students, faculty members and research scholars in
the engineering college libraries of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi Districts was
undertaken during August 2013. Questionnaire was used as the data collection
tool. The responses on awareness and satisfaction level on various library
resources were gathered using Likert’s 5 point scale. The responses were
analysed using two way ANOVA, Tukey HSD, Factor Analysis and Fisher’s Exact
Test. The analysis showed that respondents
do experience inadequacy of information resources in their college libraries. The
hypothesis formulated in this connection was proved by the study. Results
showed that there were significant differences in the satisfaction level of
information resources among the respondents of various categories. There
is need to evaluate the library resources, facilities and services regularly to
meet the changing needs of the users.

Page(s): 142-152 2014/07/05 - 14:57

Title: A study of ICT skills among library professionals in the Kerala University Library System

Authors: Seena, S T; Pillai, K G Sudhier

Abstract: The study was conducted to investigate the
awareness, skill and attitude towards Information and Communication
Technologies (ICT) among library professionals in Kerala University Library,
Thiruvananthapuram. The study is based on a questionnaire survey of library
professionals employed in the central and departmental libraries of the University of Kerala. The analyses revealed that the
library professionals in the Kerala
University library system
have relatively average level skills in various ICT related tasks in libraries.
Libsys software was more used in libraries and a good number of professionals
indicated that the main constraint in the application of ICT in libraries is
inadequate training in ICT applications. All the professionals expressed a
positive attitude towards the application of ICT in libraries.

Page(s): 132-141 2014/07/05 - 14:57

Title: Bibliometric scoring of an individual’s research output in science and engineering

Authors: Khanna, Vinod Kumar

Abstract: The relevance of various citation metrics used
for parameterization of the research outputs of scientists is reviewed. The
rationale of judging the performance of scientists on the basis of the total
number of research papers published, the total citations received for these
papers or the average citation reckoning per paper has often been criticized.
The significance of impact factor of journals in which the papers have appeared
has also been debated. The h-index introduced by Jorge E. Hirsch in 2005
has gained some acceptance in this regard but its value is highly dependent on
the academic discipline concerned and also varies across sub-disciplines.
Because citation practices exhibit wide variations among different fields, a
scientist working in a particular discipline need not be disheartened with a
low h-index as compared to fellow scientists of a different discipline.
The h-index has been successful in assessing the performance of
scientists of the same field and at the same stage of their careers. By
appropriately scaling the discipline-dependence of h-index, it has also
enabled comparison among those working in different disciplines, serving as a
simplified, robust, intelligible measure. Several metrics proposed to overcome
the flaws of h-index are briefly described.

Page(s): 121-131 2014/07/05 - 14:57

Title: Classification of environmented entity depth classification, 30

Authors: Ranganathan, S R

Abstract: Till
now classification schemes have been confining themselves largely to entities
in normal environmental conditions. But literary warrant has begun to grow in
respect of entities habitually in or being brought into abnormal environmental conditions.
Efficiency in pin-pointed documentation service and depth classification calls
for abnormally environmented entities to constitute isolates to be provided
with distinctive isolate numbers. Experiments were made in meeting this problem
by Phase Device and Facet Device. These did not give helpful results. The fact
that an Environmented Entity is a (W) and not a () led to the final solution
that it should be accommodated in zone 4 of Array of Order 1 in [1P1]. To
prevent formation of homonyms, Subject Device had to be differentiated from
Environment Device by the insertion of “0” (Zero) immediately after the starter
bracket. This device opens up a vast vista for investigation which will help
enrichment of all analytico-synthetic schemes such as CC and UDC. The
construction of a comprehensive schedule of numbers by Environment Device
should be taken on hand for the natural sciences and social sciences.

Page(s): 113-121 2014/04/28 - 17:42

Title: Training in library science (5) Lecture vs Tutorial

Authors: Ranganathan, S R

Abstract: [Lecture
method of teaching library science is effective only for students with prior
university discipline of the right kind. Tutorial method alone is effective for
non-university men and for graduates of purely examining universities not
providing for the intellectual discipline of thinking.]

Page(s): 252-256 2014/04/28 - 17:42

Title: Libraries in Switzerland

Authors: Bourgeois, Pierre

Abstract: [Traces
the four stages of development of Swiss libraries. Describes the scope and
functions of the National Library, scientific libraries, and libraries of
general culture, special libraries and popular libraries; and the work of the
Swiss Association of Librarians.]

Page(s): 245-251 2014/04/28 - 17:42

Title: International youth library

Authors: Horton, Marion

Abstract: [The
genesis, finance, habitation and the sections of the International Youth
Library in Munich
are described. Its service to children, industries, publishers and authors also
are described. Its value as a pilot project and the International Board on
Children's Books are also referred to. The author is American Library

Page(s): 238-244 2014/04/28 - 17:42

Title: Library science and scientific method

Authors: Ranganathan, S R

Abstract: Defines
"Scientific method” and “Science” in terms of it. Shows the emergence of
Library Science. Describes the new library techniques evolved during the last
twenty five years- including the production of new types of reading materials,
the emergence of documentation, and depth classification, and chain procedure,
use of machinery for impersonal library tasks. new imports of the Fifth Law,
and Librametry.

Page(s): 19-32 2014/04/22 - 18:12

Title: Colon Classification in retrospect

Authors: Parthasarathy, S

Abstract: Reviews
the major contributions made by the Colon Classification in forging new
techniques for the development of library classification. Traces the various
stages of evolution of the scheme and the concepts it has developed.

Page(s): 13-18 2014/04/22 - 18:12

Title: Depth classification- 24 common facets and phase relations

Authors: Vickery, B C

Abstract: Studies
some of the problems relating to the concept of 'Common Facets' and 'Phase
Relations' as expounded in Colon Classification. Discusses: (1) What groups of
terms do in fact appear as common facets? (2) What phase relations may appear
between basic classes. Enumerates a greater variety of phase relations required
in the depth classification of patents. Isolates some problems for further

Page(s): 8-12 2014/04/22 - 18:12

Title: Depth classification- 23 level concept and zone analysis

Authors: Ranganathan, S R

Abstract: Emphasizes
the need for at-one-ment of the thought-content and the class number of a
document, and, for this purpose, the need for avoidance of homonym and synonym
and conformity to the Canon of Expressiveness. Enumerates the chief elements in
classificatory thought initiated by an analytico-synthetic scheme. Using CC as
the guineapig, shows how some of the residual rigidity in regard to levels of
facets of one and the same fundamental category has been removed by a special
rule or by a postulate in the past, and how it can be further removed by utilizing
the zone and sector analysis made possible by a mixed notation.

Page(s): 1-7 2014/04/22 - 18:12

Title: Identification of core journals in science and technology: A study based on INSDOC's document delivery demand. Part II - Chemistry and chemical technology

Authors: Karanjai, Aruna; Mujoo-Munshi, Usha

Abstract: High
demand core journals in chemistry and chemical technology were identified
through the analysis of document copy requests received by Insdoc during
1980-1985. It was found that only 131 identified journals out of 759 chemistry
journals could satisfy a majority of document demand in chemistry and chemical
technology. The list of 131 core journals is also compared favorably with the
rank list of the British Library Document Supply Centre (BLDSC) and also with
that of the Science Citation Index (JCR 1984).

Page(s): 134-147 2014/04/07 - 18:29

Title: The languages and format of the literature used by research scholars in Zoology at the Ibadan University, Nigeria

Authors: Nweke, Ken M C

Abstract: 964
citations in eight zoology theses approved at the Zoology Department of the Ibadan University
between 1970 and 1975 have been studied. Such characteristics as the forms of
publication of zoology literature used by the research scholars in zoology at
the Ibadan University have been discussed. The
distribution of the citations by languages of publication has also been

Page(s): 128-133 2014/04/07 - 18:29

Title: Three new bibliometric parameters and Physiology periodicals

Authors: Sengupta, I N

Abstract: Introduces
three new bibliometric parameters which should prove useful for correcting
certain categories of bias inherent in the evaluation of scientific
periodicals. When applied in a ranking list of journals of any discipline these
parameters will increase its accuracy and utility in relation to the
information needs of the concerned working scientists.

Page(s): 124-127 2014/04/07 - 18:29

Title: ABSCINDEX : Proposal of a new tool for information retrieval and science indication in regional contexts

Authors: Sen, Subir K

Abstract: S
& T indicators have been defined as conceptual tools based on information
mechanism facilitating information search and/or retrieval of appropriate key
elements; and derivation of past, future and current trends of S & T
evolution in both R&D and interfacial contexts. Presently available tools
are the abstracting and indexing services of traditional type and the citation
indexes. Merits and demerits of both types of tools as S & T indicators
have been examined. A new tool (ABSCINDEX) has been proposed incorporating
functions of both traditional abstracting and citation indexing services. It
has been claimed that such a new tool will be highly effective in meeting the
optimum demands of a competent S & T indicator on regional basis especially
in the context of third world environments.

Page(s): 116-123 2014/04/07 - 18:29

Title: Price trends in Political Science and Economics journals during 1980-1988.

Authors: Choudhury, B K; Padhee, B K

Abstract: Discusses the importance of the serials in the
present day world. Points out the constant price rise of the journals. Increase
of 300 % and 249% in the prices of the periodicals in
political science and economics respectively was observed within a period of 9
years from 1980-1988. States the implications of the study and cites some
crucial factors responsible for the price rise of journals.

Page(s): 30-36 2014/04/04 - 19:27

Title: Scientometric dimensions of innovation communication productivity system

Authors: Kalyane, V L; Kalyane, S V

Abstract: Communication activities of Sugarcane Breeding
Institute (SBI) during the past 75 years (1912- 1987) are quantitatively
documented for general characteristics, collaborations, core channels of
communications and creativity of researchers. A communicator's productivity and
the distribution of papers to a number of domains are classified and Pearson
Product Moment Correlation Coefficients are calculated. Gender wise creativity,
participation in joint authorships, communications, theses, etc. from SBI is
classified year-wise, domain-wise and university-wise. Breeding, genetics &
cytogenetic, entomology, pathology and
physiology & biochemistry domains show high communication productivity. The
study may be of interest to all those
interested in evaluating research communication performance of departments ill
universities, institutions, industries and R & D laboratories.

Page(s): 8-29 2014/04/04 - 19:27

Title: Application of information technology in libraries

Authors: Viswanathan, T

Page(s): 1-7 2014/04/04 - 19:27

Title: Productivity measurement for a library

Authors: Sethi, B; Singh, Hukam

Abstract: The paper formulates and applies a simple
productivity measurement model for a library. It is essential to measure the productivity of a library for better management. The proposed
method is called objective matrix. It is multi attribute operation oriented
system which can be easily applicable in a library. This method incorporates participation, motivation and
responsibility unlike the traditional output/input models.

Page(s): 153-159 2014/04/04 - 19:27

Title: Evaluating users’ experience of service performance using SERVPERF scale: A case study of some private university libraries in Bangladesh

Authors: Hossain, Muhammad Jaber; Islam, Md. Anwarul; Saadi, Mohammad Sheikh

Abstract: The central purpose of this paper is to explore and evaluate users’
experience of service performance of four private university libraries in Bangladesh.
For primary data collection, the study used a 26-item instrument based on five
dimensional modified version of SERVQUAL scale. Respondents indicated their
degree of opinions on a 7-point
Likert-type scale in the three column format. SERVPERF scale (perceptions
scores) was applied to explore the service performance.
To evaluate existing service performance, the study develops a Service
Performance Matrix (SPM) using SERVPERF scale. Result
shows that services of IUB library at a large scale (twenty items) and EWU
library at a limited scale (three items) are perceived with better performance.
The other service items of these university libraries are seeking immediate
improvement, which is equally implied for the whole service items of NSU and
BRACU libraries. The SPM method used in this study may acts as a more
comprehensive performance assessment tool for the librarians to determine the
level of service performance, and to maintain the order of improvement
priorities for the service items.

Page(s): 249-259 2014/02/19 - 19:40

Title: Open access legal information sources and their use by students of National Law University

Authors: Bhardwaj, Raj Kumar; Madhusudhan, M.

Abstract: This article identifies various open access
resources that are popular among legal community in India. The findings of the study
reveal that majority of respondents are aware of open access resources. The
main purpose of using these resources are for case law searching. Majority of
the respondents have stated that legal information available in open access resources
are not organized properly and was a hindrance in usage.

Page(s): 314-319 2014/02/19 - 19:40

Title: Examining librarians’ behavioural intention to use cloud computing applications in Indian central universities

Authors: Yuvaraj, Mayank

Abstract: The paper
analyses the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) in order to examine the
librarians’ behavioural intentions to use cloud computing applications. A
questionnaire was developed using three TAM instruments: attitude, perceived
ease of use and perceived usefulness to measure the librarian`s behavioural
intentions of cloud computing applications use.
Four hundred and seven library professionals completed the survey that
measured their responses on perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness,
attitude and the behavioural intentions on the use of cloud computing
applications. Results show that librarians’ perceived ease of use had
significant impact on the attitude towards use. Further, perceived ease of use
severely influenced the perceived usefulness of the cloud computing
applications. The findings validate the implications of cloud computing
applications in a library setting.

Page(s): 260-268 2014/02/19 - 19:40

Title: Academic profile and career choice of fresh undergraduates of library and information science in a Nigerian University of Education

Authors: Egunjobi, Anuoluwa F.; Salisu, Taofiq M.; OlufelaI; Ogunkeye

Abstract: The choice of a career is very essential in
learner's academic endeavour. This study investigated the academic profile and
career choice of fresh undergraduates of LIS(Library and Information Science)
in a Nigerian University of Education. The study
sought to find out the academic profile and the preferred course chosen by the
undergraduates, as well as the perception of the undergraduates about LIS. A
total of 120 newly admitted undergraduates in the Department of LIS, Tai Solarin University of Education, (TASUED) Nigeria were purposively
chosen. Data was gathered using an instrument tagged Perception of New Entrants
about LIS/Profession(PERNELIS). All questionnaires administered were returned
and found useful for the study. The entry academic profile indicated that
113(94.3%) and 109(93.4%) of the undergraduates had at least a credit or more
in the mandatory subjects i.e., English and mathematics. Also, the Unified
Tertiary Matriculation Examination(UTME) score revealed that most of the
undergraduates had above 200 i.e. 88(72.5%) over a total score of 400 while the
Post-UTME results indicated that majority or 70(58.3%) of the undergraduates
had between 13-25 on an overall scale of 100. Furthermore, the study found out
that undergraduates were influenced to study LIS based on their interest(55.0%)
hence 40(33.3%) and 55(45.8%) undergraduates choose the course LIS as their
first and second choices respectively. The study therefore recommends sustained
and continuous awareness about LIS in order to ascertain that LIS schools are
not dumping ground for low intelligent quotient (IQ) undergraduates.

Page(s): 296-303 2014/02/19 - 19:40

Title: A quantitative assessment of the articles on environmental issues published in English-language Indian dailies

Authors: Dutt, Bharvi; Garg, K.C.; Bhatta, Archita

Abstract: The paper
examines the coverage of environment-related issues published in 31 prominent
English-language Indian newspapers in terms of their quantification and
thematic representation. Among all the topics discussed under environment,
climate change and global warming got the highest priority with 75% items which
constituted more than two third (77%) of the total space occupied by
environmental issues. Of these, highest number of items was on adverse impacts
of global warming / climate change followed by those on mitigation. Among all
the newspapers, The Times of India
allocated the maximum space to the issues related to environment.

Page(s): 219-226 2013/11/06 - 09:52

Title: Library resources and services in Indian Institutes of Technology

Authors: Jotwani, Daulat

Abstract: Describes role of
the Indian Institutes of
Technology (IITs) in higher
education and research in
engineering, sciences and technology
in the country. Each
IIT has a well
resourced Central Library to
support their academic and
research mission. This paper
comprehensively studies the
functioning, the resources and
the services of these
libraries.  The
level of automation, availability of ICT infrastructure, access to electronic
resources and the digital
library initiatives taken by
these libraries are also
discussed.  These
libraries are an integral
part of the IIT
System and are highly
valued by their users
for their services, highly skilled staff, and easy-to-use collections.  It is
suggested that these libraries need to move to the next level of technological up-gradation including application of cloud computing to improve their resources and services.

Page(s): 204-211 2013/11/06 - 09:52

Title: Theoretical and practical application of aggregated citations of cited articles

Authors: Bharathi, D. Gnana

Abstract: Aggregated Citations
of Cited Articles (ACCA) is a methodology for evaluation of scientific
journals. ACCA is formulated based on a concept of discrete elemental system
that is applicable to a number of fields such as physics, chemistry, etc. It
considers journal as a discrete element system whose overall performance is
measured only through the active articles and their citations. Evaluation of
only the cited articles allows the journals to retain their originality in
nature and variety in publication of documents, for which they are known,
without affecting the ranking of the journal. The paper explains the theory and
practical application of ACCA for the evaluation of the journals.

Page(s): 186-194 2013/11/06 - 09:52

Title: Indices of job stress and job satisfaction among academic librarians in selected federal universities in South West Nigeria

Authors: Ogunlana, E K; Okunlaya, R O A; Ajani, F O; Okunoye, T; Oshinaike, A O

Abstract: Librarians around
the world, like other professionals, experience stress caused by different
factors.. The study
examined the relationship between job stress and job satisfaction among a
population of 87 librarians. Descriptive survey
research method was used. Job stress levels were assessed using the Job Stress
Scale (JSS) adapted from Stress Indicators Scale (2007) and job satisfaction
levels were measured using the Job Satisfaction Questionnaire of Linz, (2002) and graded by Likert scale with
degree of agreement range between low to high (1-5). This
research was designed for the librarians employed in the libraries in South
West Nigeria. Data were collected through the questionnaire designed and were subjected to statistical
analysis using simple percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test statistics
and Scheffe post-hoc analysis. The study revealed that the mean scores for
satisfaction were low for workplace characteristics. Female librarians had
significantly lower job satisfaction (mean job satisfaction score difference =
12.2; 50.5%, p>0.05), as compared to their male counterparts (mean job
satisfaction score difference 21.0: 49.5%, p<0.05); and a positive correlation was found between job satisfaction and
librarians’ job stress (r = 0.69, α < 0.05). The findings also revealed that majority of the
librarians had low job satisfaction level and higher levels of job stress.
These results have implications for addressing job stress and job satisfaction
in academic libraries.

Page(s): 212-218 2013/11/06 - 09:52

Title: Citation generation potential

Authors: Sen, B. K.

Abstract: The article traces the
history of the first use of the term
citation potential and citation generation
potential (CGP) and provides their definitions. Discusses how the terms
from one another in terms of meaning. Identifies the factors
such as intrinsic quality, rank of a scientist, subject, document type and
mega-authorship that are responsible for the CGP. Explains how the CGP of a
paper, a journal or a scientist can
be determined and used.

Page(s): 140-142 2013/07/31 - 15:43

Title: Eugene to Altmetrics: A chase for virtual foot prints!

Authors: Munnolli, Satish S; Pujar, Shamprasad M

Abstract: There is an increasing interest in science
communication and promotion of new inventions in this deluge digital
information age. The social media tools available on the Internet assist the
promotion of science dramatically and the change is happening in real time
models. Expansion of World Wide Web and newer technologies has improved the
ways in which science is communicated and its evaluation techniques. The use of
conventional metric tools gauges the impact of scholarly publications using
citation and download counts. They are widely used to evaluate articles,
authors and disciplines on publishers’ platforms. These tools analyse the
citation data in natural course of time and make them available over a period
of time. ‘Altmetrics’ is a concept that addresses and measures the
conversations happening in the virtual world in real time. The concept supports
the prediction mechanism of possible citations for an article in future, if it
gets cited in the social media. This paper attempts to create awareness about ‘Altmetrics’ among Indian scholars and
takes a closer look at various features available in ‘Altmetric Explorer’ in
order to gain insights of the rapidly changing science communication landscape.

Page(s): 134-139 2013/07/31 - 15:43

Title: Information: Nature, importance and functions

Authors: Satija, M P

Abstract: Information is all around us and next to matter and energy it is the
most important and common entity in this world. It moves the world. Being a
much over used term it is least understood and there is no consensual
definition of it. But its properties are numerous and well recognized. It keeps
moving a system be it bio, astro, social or mechanical. For an animal it is the
product of being conscious. It is formed through sense perception in the brain
but needs a physical media for its recording and communication. It is recorded
as graphic visuals or electrical pulses or electromagnetic waves both in audio
and visual forms. The article enumerates its various physical, economic,
political and social properties and functions. Information has become a great
and inexhaustible resource in national development. To live effectively is to
live with authentic and adequate information. But it needs knowledge for its
effective application. Without knowledge, information may be all heat and smoke
without any light. The article emphasises that information literacy is
instrumental in empowering citizens in this complex and sophisticated social

Page(s): 128-133 2013/07/31 - 15:43

Title: Solar cell research in India: A scientometric profile

Authors: Dutt, Bharvi; Nikam, Khaiser

Abstract: The study examines solar cell research in India as revealed by the
publications indexed in Web of Science (WoS) for a period of 20 years from 1991
to 2010. It was seen that academic institutions contributed about half of the
total output. Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science outperformed
all other institutes in the country. Solar cell research by Indian scientists
is well connected to international research trends in the field. The recent
trends suggest more domestic and international collaborative research involving
larger team sizes. More emphasis is being given to research on solar cells
based on materials other than silicon.

Page(s): 115-127 2013/07/31 - 15:43


Authors: SINGH, Dr (Mrs) S P

Abstract: Provides
background information about the emergence of Indian Institute of Technology
(IIT) (Kanpur).
Mentions about the establishment of its library. Discusses the methodology used
for data collection, acquisition of periodicals and other documentary collection.
Examines the users' awareness and usefulness of various types of reader's
services and suggestions of the users about the collection and services. Also
gives suggestions of the librarian.

Page(s): 139-156 2013/05/12 - 12:23


Authors: Bandyopaphyay, Amit Kumar

Abstract: Ninety-two
doctoral dissertations submitted to the University
of Burdwan, India from 1981 to 1990 by the
scholars of mathematics, physics, mechanical engineering, philosophy and
political science are taken as the source material. A total number of 11, 228
references were appended to the 92 theses, of which, 6844 were journal
articles. Ranked list of the journals used in different subjects and their
branches are prepared. The Bradford Multipliers are calculated. distribution of
the journals in three zones are made and the number of references in each zone
is then noted and compared with those of other zones. Applicability of Bradford's law in different disciplines is tested.

Page(s): 133-138 2013/05/12 - 12:23

Title: TOM in Library Acquisitions: An Approach at IIML

Authors: Raina, Roshan; Dayal, Kavita

Abstract: The paper analyses that effective and well thought out instruments in the form of "Acquisition Policy" and "Budget Allocation Policy" can lead to development of an active collection instead of a passive one. To support the statement, the collection development practices, in place, at the library system of IIML, have been adequately illustrated.

Page(s): 127-132 2013/05/12 - 12:23


Authors: Gulati, Anjali

Abstract: Electronic publishing has put forth a spectrum of problems and issues in libraries, end-users in general and the information professionals in particular. In electronic era, the role of information Professional is many fold, a continuous learner, an alert user, an expert information broker and consultant, all rolled into one. It specially discusses the major issues and challenges in electronic publishing such as accessibility, acceptability, copyright and pricing, standardization, credibility and technical issues etc. Further it gives emphasis
on the advantages and problems with electronic publishing.

Page(s): 121-125 2013/05/12 - 12:23

Title: E-resources usage and research productivity

Authors: Prathap, Gangan

Abstract: The best
performing laboratories in the CSIR from the point of view of optimally
accessing and using e-resources are identified using performance indicators
derived from number of scientists in the laboratory, number of downloads during
a prescribed window, number of publications during the same window and the
total citations earned by these papers during a citation window of one year
following the publications window.

Page(s): 64-65 2013/05/02 - 09:34

Title: Adoption of social media by online newspapers of Kashmir

Authors: Gul, Sumeer; Islam, Shahina

Abstract: The sites of online newspapers in Kashmir
were surveyed individually and the social media tools available on their
websites were studied. It was found that vernacular online newspapers of
Kashmir are more in need of evolving and existing media structures and
practices. Incorporating social media in the newspapers will help to facilitate
conversations across a vast geographical expanse.

Page(s): 56-63 2013/05/02 - 09:34

Title: In search of dimensions of subject from the standpoint of Ranganathan

Authors: Dutta, Bidyarthi; Majumder, Krishnapada; Sen, B. K.

Abstract: This paper
highlights a new interpretation of dynamic state of subject from the viewpoint
of Ranganathan’s theory. Ranganathan introduced the following three concepts in
order to describe the state of subject, viz., continuous infinite universe,
spiral model of subject development and idea plane. These three concepts
together depict four dimensions of a subject starting from its birth. The name
given to these three concepts together is Ranganathan’s three-tier description
of subject.

Page(s): 51-55 2013/05/02 - 09:34

Title: Internet use behaviour of cybercafé users in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania

Authors: Sife, Alfred S.

Abstract: Data
on internet use behavior was obtained from 137 users in 10 cybercafés through
questionnaires and the data thus obtained was analyzed using SPSS. The findings indicate that most cybercafé users in the study were young, male, better educated and mostly students. Many cybercafé users were computer literate but most
had limited web using skills. The Internet was primarily used for searching academic information,
communication as well as obtaining news and current affairs. There were weak
correlations between demographic characteristics of respondents and the
purposes of using the Internet. While many cybercafé users preferred search
particularly Google and Yahoo, only a few were using web subject directories. The use of tools such as search engines,
browsers, and social media in the study area correspond to many
other world ratings. No adverse
Internet addictive behaviours were exhibited by cybercafé users in the study
area. Problems
encountered in using the Internet are similar to those cited
frequently in Africa. Increasing bandwidth and
availability of electricity would improve connectivity and reduce Internet
costs. It is also recommended that computer training programmes should include
information literacy and ICT use for purposes such as e-business. Possible
future research
is also suggested.

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