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Kosmos
Astronomia Astrofizyka
Inne

Kultura
Sztuka dawna i współczesna, muzea i kolekcje

Metoda
Metodologia nauk, Matematyka, Filozofia, Miary i wagi, Pomiary

Materia
Substancje, reakcje, energia
Fizyka, chemia i inżynieria materiałowa

Człowiek
Antropologia kulturowa Socjologia Psychologia Zdrowie i medycyna

Wizje
Przewidywania Kosmologia Religie Ideologia Polityka

Ziemia
Geologia, geofizyka, geochemia, środowisko przyrodnicze

Życie
Biologia, biologia molekularna i genetyka

Cyberprzestrzeń
Technologia cyberprzestrzeni, cyberkultura, media i komunikacja

Działalność
Wiadomości | Gospodarka, biznes, zarządzanie, ekonomia

Technologie
Budownictwo, energetyka, transport, wytwarzanie, technologie informacyjne

Acta Universitatis Danubius. Communicatio

There are many discussions about ethics beginning with a fair and fundamental question: “What is ethics all about?” It is the same as morality, or is kind of a soft law that imposes values but without enforcing them? What is the contribution of the society in imposing values and ethical standards, and how business is involved? Ethical standards are applied in business word, differing from social responsibilities that business has in the social environment where it operates. To better exemplify those concepts the researcher goes through one of the largest companies that offers wireless communications, Vodafone Albania; also one of the world’s largest mobile telecommunication operators. The bright side of social responsibilities is associated in some cases by regressive informal standards applied to all investors and new businesses in the country. The cost of informality is paid in full by the society diminishing the values of social responsibilities and ethical standards applied by business organizations. Even though, Vodafone has successfully implemented social responsiveness initiatives through cause promotions initiatives, corporate social marketing, cause related marketing, company philanthropy, community volunteering, and socially responsible business practices that support social causes to improve community well-being and protect the environment. 

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2334 2014/07/02 - 03:23

The political communication in media era performs on two dimensions: the horizontal dimension – between political actors and journalists – and on vertical dimension  – the media product is decentralized to the consumer public. In Social Media Era, the horizontal dimension completely disappears and the communication is routed by the online opinion leaders in the social groups. Thus, in the new public space, the main communication actors are not journalists and politicians, but public-receptor, which plays the role of opinion leaders. In Social Media, we can talk a lot about "the power of the receptor", that is decentralizing, without intermediaries, the political message to discuss it in the social groups to which they belong.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2178 2014/07/02 - 03:23

Inrecent decades, Italy has become a point of entry to the EU and, for manymigrants from the Southern shores of the Mediterranean, a final destination (IOMReport, 2011). As massive inflows have often caused emergencies, the pressingneeds of these populations in the areas of housing, healthcare, education, etc.have been examined and addressed (data: Regional Authority and Milan DioceseObservatories). Realizing that the cultural implications in the area of food,had not been systematically studied thus far, the author developed a three-yearproject, focusing on northwest African Muslim migrants and the change in theirperception of food, particularly in light of the strong religious implicationsthat food has historically had to Arab populations. After reviewing the keytraits of Arab-Berber food history, their translation into contemporary life inthe countries of origin and destination was investigated, through interviewswith, primarily, cultural mediators, as well as anthropologists, food experts,food chain professionals, and the migrants themselves. The overall researchdelves into the migrants’ views of food back in Northern Africa and Maghrebiand other food in Italy, with an emphasis on ideas of purity and identity (inculinary practices, ingredients, celebrations, table manners, the restaurantsystem and distribution).

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2205 2014/07/02 - 03:23

‘Public sphere’ is an important component of modern polity. Civil society brings the state in touch with the needs of the citizens through the medium of public sphere. However, Habermas argues that ‘public sphere’ experienced refeudalization owing to various factors i.e. propaganda, cultural industry, market and state intervention. The ‘public’ was condemned to be mere spectator again. This article argues that modern technologies enabled new public sphere (NPS) can help restore public status as participant in the democratic process. The article compares the Habermasian ideal of public sphere with NPS and constructs a matrix, depicting the various related aspects between the two models for highlighting the revival of the public sphere.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2387 2014/07/02 - 03:23

Psychological empowerment refers to the process of increase of internal motivation proportional to the performance of delivered duties, including recognition aspects such as being affective, worthiness, meaningfulness and right of choice. This study is Objective to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment of the devotees and the variables work life quality, organizational justice, social support and social health. methodology research This is a descriptive – correlation study in which the structural equation modeling is used. The populations include all devotees of Ilam who were selected by use of Cochrane's formula. From the results, it became clear that psychological empowerment of the devotees is directly affected by the factors such as social health, social support, work life quality and organizational justice. Moreover, the variable work life quality has more influence on the psychological empowerment of the devotees.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2332 2014/07/02 - 03:23

Conflict  is  the most important  behavioral issues that, in several last deceed organizational behavior scholars intentioned  to  it .according to several idea about positive effects of management of conflict in organization relationship between conflict  and  many variables had been surveyed .in this research relationship between conflict and trust was surveyed. According to this, researches studied the theatrical basic of research correctly and recognized main component s and variables by descriptive-survey method in this research and selected sample by random sampling and surveyed research assumptions in Golestan Red Crescent organization. Results of research shows that task conflict related with intergroup trust directly, also there is any relationship between relationship conflict and trust. Finally task conflict related with relationship conflict directly.                                                  

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2333 2014/07/02 - 03:23

This study involves students of economic faculty that were attending bachelor in business administration and professional master degree in public administration at the University of Vlora "Ismail Qemali". During this period several dimensions of students’ intelligence levels and their correlation to the final exams outcome in relevant subjects are measured and observed. The questionnaire was distributed to students of bachelor’s and master’s degree at the Faculty of Economy of Vlora University during the period October 2012 to February 2013. Promoting and improving students' intelligence and their critical thinking is still a novelty for universities and Albanian education system. Critical thinking and high intelligence bring positive results and create premises for well qualified employees in the private sector and public administration, too. The level of intelligence and critical thinking in classrooms and university courses in Albania is not at the appropriate levels or in the majority of cases it is non-existent, and this regardless the sounder made by the education development policy makers and managers of universities to the importance of human capital productivity and students’ academic results. In purpose to explore this issue, the empirical study included 60 out of 70 students from the International Business course at bachelor degree, and 43 out of 69 students of management of human resources course at master degree in Public Administration. The improvement of students’ intelligence could affect a positive impact on students’ academic results and on the productivity of organizations where they will be involved. The study aims to draw the attention that university education system in our country must face the idea of encouraging and stimulating the multiple dimensions of intelligence and strengthening critical thinking skills due to the effect that these dimensions have on a better absorption of knowledge and potential development of the students. 

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2171 2014/07/02 - 03:23

The education system was and will be a factor which defines a nation and assures its union and its consistency. The beginnings of the education system in Moldavia, although hesitating at first, succeeded in developing the schools as institutions which are qualitatively lined up to the other European schools, regarding the school subjects and their content. Although at the beginning the education system was predominantly religious, the assimilation of the European cultural ideas led to the development of a multilateral education system, which was also supported by the state.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2141 2014/07/02 - 03:23

In Transylvania, the beginning of the modern ages continued to be marked by the Romanians’interest for their national and religious rights. Here we could mention only rare cases of benefic decisions of the state in favour of the Orthodox Church, as it was more of a silent fight, with dramatic accents.  On the occasion of the Great National Assembly in Alba Iulia, the Romanian historical confessions were represented at the highest level. We also remark the fact that all the ecclesiastic-jurisdictional differences and animosities disappeared before the national interest, especially the sincere desire to observe the national will being of first importance. 

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2137 2014/07/02 - 03:23

The emergence of “Curentul” Journal has been enthusiastically welcomed  by the readers, this publication bringing a fresh vim to the Romanian inter-war press. Many contemporary journalists have distrustfully considered Pamfil Șeicaru’s Journal. This “horrendous” journalist was charged by his peers of having sustained this publication with funding provided by the Government. The controversies derived from this subject can be found in the articles and memories of those who knew the director of “Curentul”, but also in the novels which had him as a source of inspiration.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2378 2014/07/02 - 03:23

Islam as the comprehensive religion covers most of material and spiritual, individual and social aspects of human life. In this case, Islam pays more attention to the role of humankinds in social life and sciences. It means human as the subject and center of social sciences and humanities, has freedom and intellect, and can do many arbitrarily works and changes many laws of social sciences. In fact, the base of social sciences is human while who has worldview and perspective and is under their influences. Hence, Islam as the source of human worldview forms our viewpoints about the world, God, humankind and other social facts like society. Then we can see many teachings of Islam that picture many virtues of our social and individual life and determine how to understand them. So, if we consider some factors, such as subject, method, presuppositions, laws and theories, aims and functions, as the effective factors of social sciences, it seems that, there are many teachings in Islam, especially the Qur'an, by them we can redefine some aspects of the mentioned factors and rebuild a kind of social sciences in the light of Islamic teachings and worldview. In this paper, after arguing that how these issues can be possible, we try to test this idea by giving a new definition of Islamic Sociology and its factors.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2351 2014/07/02 - 03:23

The effects of domestic violence phenomenon and its severity were recently acknowledged worldwide, most European Union countries faced with significant increase in cases of domestic violence. Due to the inefficient public social services in combating and preventing domestic violence, services like this are taken mostly by civil society. However, help victims of domestic violence, there are several protection services, and a range of social services targeting the aggressors.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2238 2014/07/02 - 03:23

Assessment is always challenging. Whether we are administrators of programs, teaching faculty, staff, graduate or undergraduate students, and the practice of assessment evokes fears of judgment, fears of public failure, and most significantly, fears of change. Because of this, we often assess with a hesitant hand, gingerly prodding the successes and challenges at all levels of our institutions, hoping that—in this moment, at least—we are achieving the goals which we claim that we’re achieving and are doing so with integrity and a clear understanding of student needs.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1948 2013/08/13 - 09:56

Assessment is always challenging. Whether we are administrators of programs, teaching faculty, staff, graduate or undergraduate students, and the practice of assessment evokes fears of judgment, fears of public failure, and most significantly, fears of change. Because of this, we often assess with a hesitant hand, gingerly prodding the successes and challenges at all levels of our institutions, hoping that—in this moment, at least—we are achieving the goals which we claim that we’re achieving and are doing so with integrity and a clear understanding of student needs.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1948 2013/08/13 - 09:56

Viewed from a historical perspective, Chinese higher education can be traced back to the Zhou dynasty almost 2,500 years ago. With Emperor Wudi of the Han dynasty (140-88 BC) setting up academies, prototypes of higher education institutions came into shape. These institutions were close parallels to medieval universities in Europe. But the modern university system in the Western sense of the term was not endorsed and emulated in China until the early 1900s. As in the West, higher education in China has been in a state of flux. And with the nation’s radical economic and social restructuring its higher education has been undergoing tremendous changes with challenges of all descriptions. Among all the major challenges or issues this brief discussion has highlighted Kaokao, highly characteristic of Chinese higher education, and attempted to discuss it from theoretical and practical perspectives.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1949 2013/08/13 - 09:56

In this paper we analyzed the process of student evaluation from “Spiru Haret” University. The process under consideration occurs according to a specific Procedure – Process of student evaluation from the Manual of Quality Assurance Procedures, “Spiru Haret” University, Edition 1, 2012. The goal of this procedure, mentioned in the Manual, is to present the student evaluation procedure by using the Blackboard educational platform and other evaluation techniques of quality learning, based on materials developed by teachers of “Spiru Haret” University, as well as corresponding responsibilities, in order to increase the learning process quality and the exigency degree in the examination process, as well as students’ satisfaction measured by accumulated competences. We appreciate that the purpose of this procedure is first and foremost to ensure transparency and objectivity in exam passing decision. After identifying the weaknesses with the “cause - effect” chart, we have sought to improve student evaluation process using PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act) method, resulting in the design of a new assessment flowchart.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1950 2013/08/13 - 09:56

In this paper we analyzed the process of student evaluation from “Spiru Haret” University. The process under consideration occurs according to a specific Procedure – Process of student evaluation from the Manual of Quality Assurance Procedures, “Spiru Haret” University, Edition 1, 2012. The goal of this procedure, mentioned in the Manual, is to present the student evaluation procedure by using the Blackboard educational platform and other evaluation techniques of quality learning, based on materials developed by teachers of “Spiru Haret” University, as well as corresponding responsibilities, in order to increase the learning process quality and the exigency degree in the examination process, as well as students’ satisfaction measured by accumulated competences. We appreciate that the purpose of this procedure is first and foremost to ensure transparency and objectivity in exam passing decision. After identifying the weaknesses with the “cause - effect” chart, we have sought to improve student evaluation process using PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act) method, resulting in the design of a new assessment flowchart.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1950 2013/08/13 - 09:56

An inflation of publicly formulated expectations and requirements with regard to instruments and methods for preparing, securing and monitoring research and teaching quality as well as the quality of the management of higher education give the impression of an overload of quality management and thus a new “quality of bureaucracy”. Behind it appears at a first glance an in transparent and confusing puzzle of highly diverse procedures which are subsumed under the term quality management. The cause of this development can be seen in the context of the Bologna process and the Lisbon strategy, which has defined development and control of a high quality in teaching and research as a central success factor in the implementation of higher education policy reforms and as an organizational obligation for Higher Education Institutions.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1951 2013/08/13 - 09:56

An inflation of publicly formulated expectations and requirements with regard to instruments and methods for preparing, securing and monitoring research and teaching quality as well as the quality of the management of higher education give the impression of an overload of quality management and thus a new “quality of bureaucracy”. Behind it appears at a first glance an in transparent and confusing puzzle of highly diverse procedures which are subsumed under the term quality management. The cause of this development can be seen in the context of the Bologna process and the Lisbon strategy, which has defined development and control of a high quality in teaching and research as a central success factor in the implementation of higher education policy reforms and as an organizational obligation for Higher Education Institutions.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1951 2013/08/13 - 09:56

Considering the limitation of higher education teaching mode of “only the teacher’s words count”, we build the cooperative teaching mode of “ team teaching” which is humanism-based, student-based and learning-centered. It emphasizes “challenge and cooperation” between teachers and students as well as promotes communication and interaction during the teaching process to ensure open teaching and students’ participation. Compared with the traditional teaching mode, the cooperative teaching mode of “team teaching” highlights its innovative value of teaching and provides a feasible framework during the process of pre-class preparation, teaching guidance, student-teacher debate and conclusion and further study.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1952 2013/08/13 - 09:56

Considering the limitation of higher education teaching mode of “only the teacher’s words count”, we build the cooperative teaching mode of “ team teaching” which is humanism-based, student-based and learning-centered. It emphasizes “challenge and cooperation” between teachers and students as well as promotes communication and interaction during the teaching process to ensure open teaching and students’ participation. Compared with the traditional teaching mode, the cooperative teaching mode of “team teaching” highlights its innovative value of teaching and provides a feasible framework during the process of pre-class preparation, teaching guidance, student-teacher debate and conclusion and further study.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1952 2013/08/13 - 09:56

The idea and mission of college and university are always assuming a fluxion accompanied with social upheaval. The Chinese private universities' idea and mission take on local characteristic: “As the foundation of a nation, education should meet the needs of social development, should take the responsibility of practical application and take service for the community”, “Education should place people first, attach great importance to the improvement of the students' individual quality and put heavy emphasis on the service quality”, which have become the important content of the faith of Chinese private universities; “To strengthen the internationalization and to open running college”, which is the new direction of faith of Chinese private universities. It became those private universities’ bounden duty to translate normal human resources into quality human capital. So, those private universities have the responsibilities and missions to construct human resources powerful nation, to popular higher education with high standard satisfied by people.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1953 2013/08/13 - 09:56

The idea and mission of college and university are always assuming a fluxion accompanied with social upheaval. The Chinese private universities' idea and mission take on local characteristic: “As the foundation of a nation, education should meet the needs of social development, should take the responsibility of practical application and take service for the community”, “Education should place people first, attach great importance to the improvement of the students' individual quality and put heavy emphasis on the service quality”, which have become the important content of the faith of Chinese private universities; “To strengthen the internationalization and to open running college”, which is the new direction of faith of Chinese private universities. It became those private universities’ bounden duty to translate normal human resources into quality human capital. So, those private universities have the responsibilities and missions to construct human resources powerful nation, to popular higher education with high standard satisfied by people.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1953 2013/08/13 - 09:56

In more than 30 years after China’s reform and opening to the outside world the non-governmental higher education has developed dramatically and enjoyed more and more favorable conditions, making great contributions to the popularization of higher education in China. According to the definition that “The non-governmental higher education is a major growth point for development of educational career and an important driving force in promoting educational reform”, quoting from The planning outline on the national medium and long-term educational reform and development (The Planning Outline for short) issued in 2010 by China’s State Council, China has launched policies of greatly supporting the non-governmental higher education and designed the reform goals of the government as the main body of education, with the active participation of the whole society, and the mutual development of the governmental and non-governmental higher education. Soon afterwards, the nation has started the move of the non-governmental educational system, and positively explored the management of classification of profit and non-profit non-governmental educational institutions. Thus, the development of the Chinese non-governmental institutions of higher learning has been greatly influenced because of the policies and relevant practices. With the opening of the 18th national congress and the political direction mentioned in the report as “encouraging and guiding social organizations to initiate education”, the pace of development of the non-governmental institutions of higher learning will be accelerated and some new development trends will become clearer.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1954 2013/08/13 - 09:56

In more than 30 years after China’s reform and opening to the outside world the non-governmental higher education has developed dramatically and enjoyed more and more favorable conditions, making great contributions to the popularization of higher education in China. According to the definition that “The non-governmental higher education is a major growth point for development of educational career and an important driving force in promoting educational reform”, quoting from The planning outline on the national medium and long-term educational reform and development (The Planning Outline for short) issued in 2010 by China’s State Council, China has launched policies of greatly supporting the non-governmental higher education and designed the reform goals of the government as the main body of education, with the active participation of the whole society, and the mutual development of the governmental and non-governmental higher education. Soon afterwards, the nation has started the move of the non-governmental educational system, and positively explored the management of classification of profit and non-profit non-governmental educational institutions. Thus, the development of the Chinese non-governmental institutions of higher learning has been greatly influenced because of the policies and relevant practices. With the opening of the 18th national congress and the political direction mentioned in the report as “encouraging and guiding social organizations to initiate education”, the pace of development of the non-governmental institutions of higher learning will be accelerated and some new development trends will become clearer.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1954 2013/08/13 - 09:56

The Outline of National Medium- and Long-term Program for Education Reform and Development (2010-2020) (shortened as the Outline) issued by Chinese government in July, 2010 put forward the improvement and reform of modern university with Chinese characteristics. The report in 18th NPC paid attention to the construction of modern university system, which makes establishing and improving modern university system necessary to accomplish education modernization.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1955 2013/08/13 - 09:56

The Outline of National Medium- and Long-term Program for Education Reform and Development (2010-2020) (shortened as the Outline) issued by Chinese government in July, 2010 put forward the improvement and reform of modern university with Chinese characteristics. The report in 18th NPC paid attention to the construction of modern university system, which makes establishing and improving modern university system necessary to accomplish education modernization.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1955 2013/08/13 - 09:56

Quality assurance is a general problem in the higher education system. The modern condition of this problem is out of a national frame and got the international measurement. There are a lot of the processes that display globalization in understanding of quality in higher education. Among them are the international universities ratings, the institute and the program accreditation by international bodies, professional accreditation in special area of education, distribution of a quality culture philosophy and other comparison technologies in estimation of higher education institutes activity.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1956 2013/08/13 - 09:56

Quality assurance is a general problem in the higher education system. The modern condition of this problem is out of a national frame and got the international measurement. There are a lot of the processes that display globalization in understanding of quality in higher education. Among them are the international universities ratings, the institute and the program accreditation by international bodies, professional accreditation in special area of education, distribution of a quality culture philosophy and other comparison technologies in estimation of higher education institutes activity.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1956 2013/08/13 - 09:56

As with all other social institutions, the pace and complexity of change make it challenging to predict what the future holds for the American higher education enterprise. While the broad mosaic of colleges and universities that comprise this enterprise has collectively been described as the best such conglomeration of its kind in the world (Bowen, Kurzwell &Tobin, 2005; Harvey, 1998) several concerns are now surfacing that must be acknowledged and considered. Literally spread across the broad American landscape is a constellation of two and four-year institutions --public and private; secular and religious; urban, suburban, and rural; large, medium and small colleges and universities -which have generally been regarded as providing access and opportunities for students of all races, ethnicities, ages, and social classes.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1957 2013/08/13 - 09:56

As with all other social institutions, the pace and complexity of change make it challenging to predict what the future holds for the American higher education enterprise. While the broad mosaic of colleges and universities that comprise this enterprise has collectively been described as the best such conglomeration of its kind in the world (Bowen, Kurzwell &Tobin, 2005; Harvey, 1998) several concerns are now surfacing that must be acknowledged and considered. Literally spread across the broad American landscape is a constellation of two and four-year institutions --public and private; secular and religious; urban, suburban, and rural; large, medium and small colleges and universities -which have generally been regarded as providing access and opportunities for students of all races, ethnicities, ages, and social classes.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1957 2013/08/13 - 09:56

The university was created in Yaounde, the political capital city of Cameroon, in 1961, after the independence. For the young Federal State it therefore became necessarily urgent to put in place a training institution that would cover the needs in local senior staffs, after the departure of French and English colonial administrators. It was also to endow the young nation with an instrument of quality training that would boost local economic and social development. At its opening, the university had 213 students (Sup Infos, 2011, pp. 10-11) who were systematically absorbed by the labor market; it will accommodate 37,215 students in 1992, on the same campus. But with the economic crises, it witnessed a severe employment crisis. Due to the implementation of structural adjustment programs driven by the Bretton Woods institutions, the economic crisis was coupled with a political crisis: the Ngoa-Ekelle campus where the University of Yaounde was found rapidly became a vast experimental field of socio-political demands for an integral multiparty system, a general amnesty and liberal democracy in Cameroon. Faced with these crises, the State could not remain indifferent. Thus, a “university reform” will be launched in January 1993 by presidential decree (Ministry of Higher Education, 1993, p. 9).

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1958 2013/08/13 - 09:56

The university was created in Yaounde, the political capital city of Cameroon, in 1961, after the independence. For the young Federal State it therefore became necessarily urgent to put in place a training institution that would cover the needs in local senior staffs, after the departure of French and English colonial administrators. It was also to endow the young nation with an instrument of quality training that would boost local economic and social development. At its opening, the university had 213 students (Sup Infos, 2011, pp. 10-11) who were systematically absorbed by the labor market; it will accommodate 37,215 students in 1992, on the same campus. But with the economic crises, it witnessed a severe employment crisis. Due to the implementation of structural adjustment programs driven by the Bretton Woods institutions, the economic crisis was coupled with a political crisis: the Ngoa-Ekelle campus where the University of Yaounde was found rapidly became a vast experimental field of socio-political demands for an integral multiparty system, a general amnesty and liberal democracy in Cameroon. Faced with these crises, the State could not remain indifferent. Thus, a “university reform” will be launched in January 1993 by presidential decree (Ministry of Higher Education, 1993, p. 9).

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1958 2013/08/13 - 09:56

The development of professional degree graduates education plays a crucial role in social economy development and the industrial restructuring, promotes academic degrees and graduates education growth and could further ameliorate China's professional degrees education system. Currently, the professional degree graduates education meet with some problems, such as low level of professional degrees education, the scale of development imbalances, lack of innovation in training mode, quality assurance and management system is incomplete, the policy formulated backwardness. As a higher education theory researcher, rational thinking of these problems would help to stimulate the long-term development of professional degree graduates education and to provide educational reference.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1959 2013/08/13 - 09:56

The development of professional degree graduates education plays a crucial role in social economy development and the industrial restructuring, promotes academic degrees and graduates education growth and could further ameliorate China's professional degrees education system. Currently, the professional degree graduates education meet with some problems, such as low level of professional degrees education, the scale of development imbalances, lack of innovation in training mode, quality assurance and management system is incomplete, the policy formulated backwardness. As a higher education theory researcher, rational thinking of these problems would help to stimulate the long-term development of professional degree graduates education and to provide educational reference.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1959 2013/08/13 - 09:56

In the current context of economic development, human resources are a cornerstone of competition, both nationally and internationally. In the global competition of computerized economy, quality and inventiveness of the human resources are the main factors underlying the essential disparities between states. Starting from Alfred Marshall's statement “the most valuable of all capital is that invested in human beings”, the quality of human resources in general and education in particular as the key determinant of economic growth overall. Skilled in the art appreciate that there is a very close relationship between technological progress and investment in education with implications for all areas of life: economic, social, political, cultural. Although the widest spread idea about quality is that it is expensive ultimately, research has shown otherwise. Quality educational services are a desirable social objective and its contribution to improving the efficiency of the economy is crucial. Regarded as a model of corporate culture, total quality management: aims to customer oriented all its activities and processes and to optimize them so that to bring long-term benefits. Educational services customers are both individuals who receive education and their family and society as a whole.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1960 2013/08/13 - 09:56

The present society has a high degree of vulnerability. Vulnerable are the persons, the communities, the companies and people as a whole. Romania, in this long and painful transition has a very fragile balance, undermined by the prolonged economic crisis and the accumulation in all spheres of social disruption. This paper aims to investigate the level of knowledge regarding the Media manipulation. In terms of the variable label “sex”, we see that in this study participated 42 women and 38 men, a total of 80 subjects. In terms of education, after the study conducted it was found that of the 80 subjects who responded to questions only 38 of them have higher education, remaining 42 with secondary education. Regarding the area of ​​origin, it was found that only 16 of the 80 subjects come from rural areas and 63 in urban areas. In terms of the variable labeled "old" we see that it covers a wide range from 16 to 79 years. In terms of marital status revealed that 41 of the subjects who participated in the study are married, 37 unmarried and only 2 are from “other circumstances”.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1743 2013/08/13 - 09:56

The prime objective of any technological revolution is to improve the quality of human life.  This can be achieved by successfully assimilating these technological innovations into human society. Technological development in the information and communication technology has found its way into modern human societies for good. However in order to take the full advantage and benefits of this system there is the need to put in place a comprehensive legal and regulatory framework to engender the growth and development of the industry. This paper sets out to examine the legal and regulatory framework surrounding the business of telecom industry in Nigeria. It particularly scrutinizes the provision of the law establishing the National regulator vis a vis the service providers and the consumers of this telecom services. Such laws as the company Act, Nigeria communication Act, Criminal law, law of tort, planning Laws, Land Use act and other regulations tangential to the provision of telecom services in the country. In examining these laws the paper seeks to identify the lacunas, drawbacks and limitations existing in these regulations and proceeds to advance reform and recommendations towards the efficient administration and implementation of telecom laws in Nigeria in the overall benefit of the telecom business in Nigeria.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/2007 2013/08/13 - 09:56

Political inaction is a major ‘Barrier’ to the progress of democratic values and systems in a society. It is more critical in the developing countries like Pakistan. A huge body of research on political apathy and anger in Pakistan is reporting over and over on the causes and consequences of this pathetic psychology. All that is true however, rays of hope are always there provided nations continue searching for the opportunities through scientific and rigorous research accompanied with sincerity and sense of responsibility at all the decision making levels of the state.   This paper postulates a solution model for the issue in the perspectives of Pakistan by capitalizing on the role of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in the Instant Political Transformation of the developing countries like Egypt & Lybia. The New Public Sphere (NPS) is populated with Global Civil Society (GCS) where International Citizens are connected together 24/7 from any corner of the Global Village and involved in use of ICT for Social Activism. Pakistan now has millions of Internet and Cell-users who are the part of GCS and waiting for a ‘Trigger’ to switch from the ‘Informal Activism to Formal & Political Activism’ through NPS.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1725 2013/06/12 - 14:13

The study was undertaken to investigate the correlation between mentoring program and mentees’ psychosocial development using self-report questionnaires collected from undergraduate students in teaching based higher learning institutions in Sarawak, Malaysia. The outcomes of SmartPLS path model analysis showed two important findings: firstly, communication positively and significantly correlated with psychosocial. Secondly, support positively and significantly correlated with psychosocial. In sum, the result demonstrates that mentoring program does act as an important determinant of mentees’ psychosocial development in the organizational sample. In addition, this study provides discussion, implications and conclusion. 

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/communicatio/article/view/1876 2013/06/12 - 14:13