Skip to Content

Instrukcja korzystania z Biblioteki

Serwisy:

Ukryty Internet | Wyszukiwarki specjalistyczne tekstów i źródeł naukowych | Translatory online | Encyklopedie i słowniki online

Translator:

Kosmos
Astronomia Astrofizyka
Inne

Kultura
Sztuka dawna i współczesna, muzea i kolekcje

Metoda
Metodologia nauk, Matematyka, Filozofia, Miary i wagi, Pomiary

Materia
Substancje, reakcje, energia
Fizyka, chemia i inżynieria materiałowa

Człowiek
Antropologia kulturowa Socjologia Psychologia Zdrowie i medycyna

Wizje
Przewidywania Kosmologia Religie Ideologia Polityka

Ziemia
Geologia, geofizyka, geochemia, środowisko przyrodnicze

Życie
Biologia, biologia molekularna i genetyka

Cyberprzestrzeń
Technologia cyberprzestrzeni, cyberkultura, media i komunikacja

Działalność
Wiadomości | Gospodarka, biznes, zarządzanie, ekonomia

Technologie
Budownictwo, energetyka, transport, wytwarzanie, technologie informacyjne

Acta Universitatis Danubius. Administratio

European social law is that part of international labor law, which is established in regulations adopted in the Council of Europe and the European Union respectively. If tools are developed within the Council of Europe by force of its objectives, limited in number, drawn right across the European Union , known as the " Community social law " are , in recent years, booming. In everyday language , sometimes there is a confusion of terms , the designation " European social law 'assigned or as established by the Council of Europe conventions and agreements bearing in their name , entitled " European (a), " be right created by regulations and EU directives. In fact, in our opinion, both regional groupings of rules together constitute a new branch of international law can theoretically insufficient, European social law. Labor relations concerning European social law is established only in the production of material goods but also within unproductive activities is those units (companies, individuals and legal entities, public or private, institutions, administrative authorities, etc.) employing personal or executive management positions in the areas of productive or unproductive (hold and exercise the functions of an administrative nature, health, etc.) . Social relations of work arising from the employment contract, hold a pre-eminent position over other forms, typical or atypical of legal relations work of European social law and the right of EU member states

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2218 2014/08/18 - 23:20

In the last decade the public administration system from most of the EU countries suffered many transformations in order to achieve the objectives proposed by the European Union, such as sustainable development. The civil service represented and still is a very important key factor for a success reformation of the administrative system, because it represents the main resource of the system. The analysis underlines the introduction of the public manager in the Romanian civil service hierarchy and the introduction of the concept dirigenza pubblica, a type of public management, in the Italian public administration. Moreover, we will present the introduction of the dirigente pubblico, public manager, in the Italian civil service system.  

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2478 2014/08/18 - 23:20

Albania is making big steps in the process of integration toward western institutions and organizations. The domestic political factor plays a leading role in Albanian society as an indicator of expressing the willingness to help the process of integration through well designed reforms. However, the resistance of political forces, especially those with direct or indirect heritages from the old political class, is preventing the transition to newer western political concepts of doing politics.  Reforms to improve democracy requires leadership from within the country as a prerequisite in building the political will for reform  as very important for consolidating democracy and strengthen ties with European Union and distancing the society from its troubled past. In this paper I want to illustrate the model of development in politics of public administration in Albania, to be part of the political management in my country.  Moreover, One of the biggest challenges in public reforming of Albanian economy and making Albania attractive to foreign investments, is the implementation of the property rights. This still remains one of the biggest challenges due to the lack of transparency of the process of legalization and lack of state guidance in development of urban and rural areas. In this paper we analyze two topics directly related to change the public administration with Strategy of Decentralization and Local Autonomy.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2321 2014/08/18 - 23:20

The long running historyfor over half a century of the European Union was marked initially by the need to approach the memberstates’ administrations, with a view to getting them more compatible, as a prerequisite of the EU’s functioning, at the foreseen political-legal and economic parameters, and then the respective tendency started to intensify progressivelyrelative to the more and more ambitious goals and objectives of the European Union establishment. Today we witness an increased dynamics of such a process which seems to integrate even the specificities derived from the sovereignty elements, considered not long ago as sacred, at the states level, a processuality whosefinality consists in the continuous consolidation of the European administrative area, as an essential corollary to the effective inter-community mechanisms development, equally as an effect of the states’integration but also a condition for the European project success. In such a context, the present approach proposes to analyse and identify the degree of cohesion and of similarity between the EU states administrations, which revolve around the emergence of the common characteristics, considered as authentic values of the administrative area, susceptible to be accepted altogether as bases for the Europeanadministration model, whose outline tends to become more visible.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2479 2014/08/18 - 23:20

Through its objectives, the paper presents real interest from a scientific point of view, as it highlights conflicting issues existing at both theoretical and practical level. From a legislative perspective, in Romania there is no coherent legal framework regarding intercommunity development associations of metropolitan areas, the law is contradictory; we present the different legal statuses that apply to intercommunity development associations of metropolitan areas. Also, the regulations regarding the conditions to be met in order to gain the status of metropolitan area are not provided for in a special law. On the other hand, although these legal provisions are to be found in disparate normative acts, they are rather ambiguous, so that, at the moment, in our country, there is no uniform practice with respect to a particular model type of institutional metropolitan area. From an institutional point of view, metropolitan areas are governed differently at the legislative level. Also, from the analysis of documents of incorporation of intercommunity development associations of metropolitan areas in Romania, we notice various institutional structures. Taking into account the social and economic prospects that will be addressed in the present research, we are attempting to identify a viable model of metropolitan areas, which corresponds to Romanian realities, but also to all the malfunctions of existing arrangements. In this regard, the research aims to analyze, from a comparative point of view, the existing legislation in the other states applying the metropolitan model, in order to identify the proposed normative framework that corresponds to Romanian realities and that needs regulation, taking into account the degree of development of metropolitan areas in Romania so far.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2492 2014/08/18 - 23:20

This study enquires into the multi-dimensional challenges involved in tracing, freezing and   repatriating looted state assets in foreign jurisdictions. It is the view of this paper that the forms of proceeding available in Nigeria to recover looted assets are inadequate. The paper discusses the successful assets recovery cases and the not so successful cases involving Nigerian corrupt officials. The paper examines the main challenges to assets recovery through criminal proceedings and also highlights various approaches to assets recovery.  The paper recommends that for effective assets recovery, Nigeria must among others enact forfeiture and confiscation laws that should be applied through the civil process rather than the traditional criminal justice system. The paper proposes some strategies for assets repatriation, but warns that the success of these proposals are contingent on  strong political will on the part of the Nigerian government and its ability to constructively engage the requested state.  

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2324 2014/08/18 - 23:20

Within this work I analyzed the run of the LLP Program LLP - Life-long Learning Program through the problems and objectives, as they appear in the Common decision of the Parliament and the Council of the European Union, decision related to the implementation of this program. I also refered to another aspect of integration "equation" into European structures, the objectives of education in the European Union, in the description of its social policy, continuing with the presentation of Community programs as an instrument of European public policy in education, strategic management of human resources, explaining the importance of  developing human resources, of the impact of national and international programs on training of human resources, pending the establishment of directions for the development of integrated lifelong education program.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2481 2014/08/18 - 23:20

During the last years, as response to the economic crises, most European Union member states resorted to tax reforms in order to support the financial sector, to sustain demand and reduce internal balances. Considering the even more challenging context of Central and East European countries we aim do determine the effects of tax reform on fiscal sustainability, with the purpose of bringing light, and therefore solutions, regarding future developments. This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of fiscal sustainability and tax reform implemented in some Central and Eastern European countries that are also the most recent members that adhered to the European Union (Romania, Bulgaria and Croatia). Based on the results of the analysis, we conclude on the influence of tax reform on fiscal sustainability, one of the most stringent issued faced by most countries.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2473 2014/08/18 - 23:20

Abstract: The right of access to its own file represents a principle of administrative law as defined in the legislation and jurisprudence of the European Union which constitutes a guarantee of the right to defence. Generally, in matters of access to files, the Court of Justice of the European Union was quite cautious. It was decided in the case of Consten & Grundig v Commission [1966] that they have no right of access to Commission records, only the case of Hercules Chemicals since 1991 the Court of First Instance ruled that the access to documents and “accusing and non-accusing” the person of the applicant must be respected by the institutions of the Union. After this point, the jurisprudence has been constant, while guaranteeing the protection of the right of accessing its own file. However, not all European Union institutions documents may be available to the public. On the possibility of the Commission to bring to the attention the parties of its internal documents, the Court made it clear that this is allowed only if exceptional circumstances of the case require so, given that there are strong grounds for believing to be provided by the parties. Also, regarding access to documents held by public authorities, the Court ruled that access to these documents can be justifiably limited in the case of grounds relating to the protection of public or private interest. As regards the institutions covered by the access to its file, it should motivate its decision.  The present research aims not only at analysing the legislation in matters of access to its own file, but also experiencing such requests for access. It will be highlighted in the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union that the institution is limited to just a simple examination of the information, without having the decision motivated by an interest or reason.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2493 2014/08/18 - 23:20

This paper aims to present to the wide public a success story concerning the efficient cooperation between the civil society as a whole (citizens, NGOs, stake holders) and public administration authorities. The success consists in using and strengthening dialogue measures within the collaboration of the two actors.The research is based on a study case. This was run through an EU funded project - "Efficient mechanisms of cooperation with public authorities". The goal of the project was to increase the capacity of non-governmental organizations to cooperate with the public administration institutions. In order to reach the proposed aim there have been organized a series of theoretical and practical training courses, roundtable discussions and study-visits. Through this manner it has been encouraged and practiced the structured dialog on public agenda issues between the representatives of the local and national authorities and the active citizens. The outputs of the project consist in one Public Consultation Guide elaborated on the basis of good practices acknowledged through the project and two local citizens` initiatives on local public administration matters that have been brought into the public attention of the decision-making actors. Active citizenship, structured dialogue between civil society and state actors, developed tools for effective advocacy and lobby that are part of the success story that we intend to present through this study case.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2477 2014/08/18 - 23:20

Education is the most important asset of the people and the one to which the national and European governors should pay more attention. Education is the only one that could give people specific knowledge and could help them to deal with real, practical situations. In order to do this, we should open the public administration and law education system to values that are specific to other disciplines such as econometrics and sociology. The future leaders of the administrative system should know more about the impact of their decisions and to know and use the tools that will help them to do such analyses. A leader is more than a manager and administrator he/she needs specific skills and knowledge and the education system should build a curriculum that will provide him/her the necessary knowledge and tools to become one. In Romania, in the field of public administration, little attention has been focused on educating leaders for public bureaucracy. The hypothesis that led us to this study was that public bureaucracy leaders do not possess the qualities necessary to build the public administration of tomorrow. That it is why, in the future, we should focus more on leaders because they infuse changes in an organization and act as an inner part of the organization. Moreover, the strength of the administrative capacity in times of crisis consists in the qualification of the leading human resources. Leadership can change the nature and the direction of public administration. This is the reason why, we have to establish and re-evaluate the next steps in educating the future leaders.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2243 2013/12/16 - 03:24

This article interrogates financial access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies and suggests the need for treatment to be subsidized. Research shows that six to eight million people experience infertility globally with greater concentration in developing countries like Nigeria. The work discusses the theoretical foundation of access to ART: it weighs the two opposing positions on the public funding and access to ART. It finds that socio-cultural consequences of infertility make it an issue of mental health with implications on reproductive rights: reproductive rights embrace some human rights already recognized such as the right to health, the right to freedom from discrimination, the right to privacy and the right not to be subjected to inhuman treatment. Therefore, State responsibility for reproductive rights under the international human rights regime sufficiently imposes a duty to improve financial access to ART through subsidization of costs. Furthermore, it argues that in Nigeria, the Constitutional framework, the National Policy on Health and the National Health Insurance Scheme inter alia justify government funding. The work concludes that reproductive rights commitment of governments demands the elimination/reduction of the constraint of financial access to ART. 

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2026 2013/12/16 - 03:24

Although public management is a new management science, there are already convinced that the extension of the principles and specific approaches, not just a relative thing, it becomes imperative that determines the coordinates of major public sector reform. Otherwise there is the risk of slipping into a formalism stressed, changing some generally accepted fundamental and essential to the detriment of , meeting the new management public. Consequently , it is absolutely necessary to give the perception and treatment of the old administrative system in general and public institutions in particular as bureaucratic administrative apparatus are developed rules , regulations, and laws by which they are applied and the transition to new general management principles and legitimate public that the administrative system as a whole and each public by public managers seeking a specified level of performance management , reflected in increasing public interest and satisfaction of specific social needs. Communication is one of effective management tools of change in the organization. It can help to adjust the attitude of the "way of looking at things” and to change behaviors. Mission and objectives managerial communication are closely related to organizational changes and environmental characteristics in which the organization functions. Public relations are essentially communication activities if relationships public management of communication between an organization and its public interest based on public, effective public relations manager must be in permanent contact with the public organization to be able to differentiate any time their communication needs, formulate and convey the message to the characteristics of each of them and track their response to receiving each of the messages.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2217 2013/12/16 - 03:24

This study involves students of economic faculty that were attending bachelor in business administration and professional master degree in public administration at the University of Vlora "Ismail Qemali". During this period several dimensions of students’ intelligence levels and their correlation to the final exams outcome in relevant subjects are measured and observed. The questionnaire was distributed to students of bachelor’s and master’s degree at the Faculty of Economy of Vlora University during the period October 2012 to February 2013. Promoting and improving students' intelligence and their critical thinking is still a novelty for universities and Albanian education system. Critical thinking and high intelligence bring positive results and create premises for well qualified employees in the private sector and public administration, too. The level of intelligence and critical thinking in classrooms and university courses in Albania is not at the appropriate levels or in the majority of cases it is non-existent, and this regardless the sounder made by the education development policy makers and managers of universities to the importance of human capital productivity and students’ academic results. In purpose to explore this issue, the empirical study included 60 out of 70 students from the International Business course at bachelor degree, and 43 out of 69 students of management of human resources course at master degree in Public Administration. The improvement of students’ intelligence could affect a positive impact on students’ academic results and on the productivity of organizations where they will be involved. The study aims to draw the attention that university education system in our country must face the idea of encouraging and stimulating the multiple dimensions of intelligence and strengthening critical thinking skills due to the effect that these dimensions have on a better absorption of knowledge and potential development of the students. 

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2170 2013/12/16 - 03:24

U.E. with the support of Member States identified four key areas as the biggest challenges regarding the inclusion of persons belonging to vulnerable groups, namely: education, employment, health and housing. One area of particular importance when it comes to social inclusion and combating poverty is education. Access to education is a prerequisite for social integration of citizens belonging to any vulnerable group and the lack of education is the primary means of exclusion from society and a prerequisite for extreme poverty remains captive. This paper aims to analyze the effects of lack of education and the lack of access causes this fundamental human right that contributes to social exclusion of individuals with profound emphasis on their inability to integrate into the labor market. The analysis will be based on the concepts of social inclusion and social exclusion, multidimensional concepts that are closely related to the exercise of the fundamental human right to education.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2227 2013/12/16 - 03:24

By analyzing the overall situation of the European universities’ doctoral programs in Administrative Sciences/Public Administration, the aim of the paper is to compare the European research programs, on two main directions: 1) analyzing and comparing the curricula implemented by European universities in the mentioned research areas and 2) identifying and some common principles applicable for the third cycle- doctoral studies, which are nor regulated like the other two cycles by clear and strict provisions.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2212 2013/12/16 - 03:24

Political parties are one of the key institutions of the political system, but today the public perceives political parties quite negative; public is bothered with their connections with powerful economic lobbies and their confidence is shaken by numerous money abuses for political purposes. To arrange the relationship between parties and donors, parties and the state as donor, but also to prevent the emergence of political corruption the party finance policy was developed. Although the party finance policy had its roots in 1960s, in the literature party finance is still largely seen as a part of politics rather than as public policy. This paper analyses regulative and distributive elements within party finance policy and its effects on political parties functioning.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2223 2013/12/16 - 03:24

The principle of non discrimination and the principle of equal treatment are today regulated by most of the national law systems, including the administrative documents. The principle of equal treatment enjoys maybe the longest period of regulation as it was inserted two centuries ago in a document of essential value for humanity, namely the Declaration of fundamental human and citizen rights in 1789. At the level of the EU, the equal treatment and non discrimination have the value of fundamental rights of the citizen, while within the European Code of Good Administrative Conduct they have the value of principles of administrative law. The consequence of non compliance with these principles is regulated in the Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union, according to which any discrimination based on certain criteria is unjustified, with exceptions when unequal treatments can be accepted for grounded situations. From this point of view, in the activity of the authorities of the public administration but also in the jurisdictional activity, the principle of non discrimination and equal treatment has been analysed from the perspective of other principles, such as the legality, proportionality, transparency and equivalence. This study focuses on the analysis of the forms of discrimination underlined by the legislation of the EU, being then underlined in the jurisprudence of the EU and mainly of the focus of the influence of the other principles on the non discrimination and equal treatment principles.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2219 2013/11/29 - 06:20

The principle of non discrimination and the principle of equal treatment are today regulated by most of the national law systems, including the administrative documents. The principle of equal treatment enjoys maybe the longest period of regulation as it was inserted two centuries ago in a document of essential value for humanity, namely the Declaration of fundamental human and citizen rights in 1789. At the level of the EU, the equal treatment and non discrimination have the value of fundamental rights of the citizen, while within the European Code of Good Administrative Conduct they have the value of principles of administrative law. The consequence of non compliance with these principles is regulated in the Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union, according to which any discrimination based on certain criteria is unjustified, with exceptions when unequal treatments can be accepted for grounded situations. From this point of view, in the activity of the authorities of the public administration but also in the jurisdictional activity, the principle of non discrimination and equal treatment has been analysed from the perspective of other principles, such as the legality, proportionality, transparency and equivalence. This study focuses on the analysis of the forms of discrimination underlined by the legislation of the EU, being then underlined in the jurisprudence of the EU and mainly of the focus of the influence of the other principles on the non discrimination and equal treatment principles.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/2219 2013/11/29 - 06:20

It is generally believed that the impact of Human Resource Practices on internal customer satisfaction can create comparative advantage for the organizational performance. The main objective of this study was to find out the impact of Human Resource Practices on internal customer satisfaction and organizational effectiveness. The impact of human resource practices on the overall performance of organizations has been a leading subject of research and the results have been encouraging, indicative of positive relationship between Human Resource practices and organizational effectiveness. Data was collected through personally administered questionnaire-based survey from 290 banking personnel of Pakistan. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the anticipated model. The results showed that some Human Resource Practices appear to be linked to internal customer satisfaction and organizational effectiveness. The implications for practitioners were to modify and emphasize certain human resource practices, and to emphasize the role of internal customers for organizational effectiveness enhancement. These findings revealed the importance of internal customers in enhancing employee morale, organizational commitment, employee productivity, turnover rate and the organization’s ability to attract talent.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1800 2013/08/13 - 08:12

It is generally believed that the impact of Human Resource Practices on internal customer satisfaction can create comparative advantage for the organizational performance. The main objective of this study was to find out the impact of Human Resource Practices on internal customer satisfaction and organizational effectiveness. The impact of human resource practices on the overall performance of organizations has been a leading subject of research and the results have been encouraging, indicative of positive relationship between Human Resource practices and organizational effectiveness. Data was collected through personally administered questionnaire-based survey from 290 banking personnel of Pakistan. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the anticipated model. The results showed that some Human Resource Practices appear to be linked to internal customer satisfaction and organizational effectiveness. The implications for practitioners were to modify and emphasize certain human resource practices, and to emphasize the role of internal customers for organizational effectiveness enhancement. These findings revealed the importance of internal customers in enhancing employee morale, organizational commitment, employee productivity, turnover rate and the organization’s ability to attract talent.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1800 2013/08/13 - 08:12

At the beginning of the 21st century, the research and the knowledge of the maritime market prove to be as important as the other elements of the Marketing from the maritime domain. The research of the maritime market can be considered as the first step in tackling the research problems in the Marketing from this domain, which cannot be avoided or ignored. This thing is necessary due to the permanent increase of the competition on the maritime market, to the permanent entrance of new ships and shipping companies, to the development of new transport routes.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1896 2013/08/13 - 08:12

At the beginning of the 21st century, the research and the knowledge of the maritime market prove to be as important as the other elements of the Marketing from the maritime domain. The research of the maritime market can be considered as the first step in tackling the research problems in the Marketing from this domain, which cannot be avoided or ignored. This thing is necessary due to the permanent increase of the competition on the maritime market, to the permanent entrance of new ships and shipping companies, to the development of new transport routes.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1896 2013/08/13 - 08:12

The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the impact of leadership in redressing the failed state status of Nigeria with a focus on the present administration (between 2010 and 2012). For the past three years, Nigeria has been keeping the ugly company and ranking consistently as the fourteenth on the list of failed states, but the governing elites have been making spirited campaigns and slow haste in explaining away this situation. Through heavy reliance on secondary sources of data, the utilization of elite theory as framework, backed by the analytical approach to the issues raised/discussed, the paper observed that the ranking of Nigeria on the failed state index ignores some historical facts and current situational realities which make the failed criteria suspect and questionable. There is therefore the need to rethink and tinker with some of these criteria to reflect socio-economic and political performance in realistic terms. Purposeful and people –centered approach to governance capable of redressing the dysfunctions of the Nigerian state is also canvassed.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1985 2013/08/13 - 08:12

The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the impact of leadership in redressing the failed state status of Nigeria with a focus on the present administration (between 2010 and 2012). For the past three years, Nigeria has been keeping the ugly company and ranking consistently as the fourteenth on the list of failed states, but the governing elites have been making spirited campaigns and slow haste in explaining away this situation. Through heavy reliance on secondary sources of data, the utilization of elite theory as framework, backed by the analytical approach to the issues raised/discussed, the paper observed that the ranking of Nigeria on the failed state index ignores some historical facts and current situational realities which make the failed criteria suspect and questionable. There is therefore the need to rethink and tinker with some of these criteria to reflect socio-economic and political performance in realistic terms. Purposeful and people –centered approach to governance capable of redressing the dysfunctions of the Nigerian state is also canvassed.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1985 2013/08/13 - 08:12

The last decade has changed again the face of electronic world: from Web 2.0 to open source software; from e-(electronic) to m-(mobile) and now to touch. For Web developers is a real challenge to make compatible interfaces to all existing Internet browsers. This proves to be even more expensive than the application itself (Softnet; 2012; SIVECO, 2012). From the point of view of the big software development companies these events are just new challenges because they afford to have many employees with different skills and by that being able to cope with market demands. But what happens with the e-government projects at the local level? Budgets are small, so hiring a company specialized in Web application development is sometimes too expensive, this responsibility usually falls in many cases on the employees of the IT department (Vrabie, 2011). If we add to this software component the hardware required for hosting the Web page inside, the budgets are already completely exceeded (or obviously they can choose some other cheap solution but whose reliability is very poor – reason for dissatisfaction among citizens). The importance of the Web platforms for interacting with citizens is very well known (Friedman, 2005; Craig; 2006; Baltac, 2011). In this context, this paper aims to examine in terms of costs, the investments in open-source applications in parallel with the use of social networks as used today. The research methodology is using for the first time an adapted version of cost-effectiveness analysis. Empirical research will be carried out on two platforms of e-Government – one of them developed inside on an open-source solution - used to support a complete interaction with the citizens. The working hypothesis starts from the fact that open source software is cheaper than those developed inside – but of course this is a question to debate at.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1897 2013/08/13 - 08:12

The last decade has changed again the face of electronic world: from Web 2.0 to open source software; from e-(electronic) to m-(mobile) and now to touch. For Web developers is a real challenge to make compatible interfaces to all existing Internet browsers. This proves to be even more expensive than the application itself (Softnet; 2012; SIVECO, 2012). From the point of view of the big software development companies these events are just new challenges because they afford to have many employees with different skills and by that being able to cope with market demands. But what happens with the e-government projects at the local level? Budgets are small, so hiring a company specialized in Web application development is sometimes too expensive, this responsibility usually falls in many cases on the employees of the IT department (Vrabie, 2011). If we add to this software component the hardware required for hosting the Web page inside, the budgets are already completely exceeded (or obviously they can choose some other cheap solution but whose reliability is very poor – reason for dissatisfaction among citizens). The importance of the Web platforms for interacting with citizens is very well known (Friedman, 2005; Craig; 2006; Baltac, 2011). In this context, this paper aims to examine in terms of costs, the investments in open-source applications in parallel with the use of social networks as used today. The research methodology is using for the first time an adapted version of cost-effectiveness analysis. Empirical research will be carried out on two platforms of e-Government – one of them developed inside on an open-source solution - used to support a complete interaction with the citizens. The working hypothesis starts from the fact that open source software is cheaper than those developed inside – but of course this is a question to debate at.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1897 2013/08/13 - 08:12

The life cycle of a ship represents an issue which the ship owner must take into consideration because he must know a series of aspects connected to the exploitation period until the moment of the current and capital repairs, the degree of use of the ship and separately for each installation, the moment of its taking out from service and especially how it can be extended its duration of exploitation. These aspects are not easy to be calculated because there appear a series of aspects connected to the shipping zone, the type of the transported goods, the way of exploitation and maintenance performed by the crews, the number of the exploitation days and many more others. The life cycle of the service performed by the ship, in fact the type of the transported goods is very important taking into account the changes on the maritime market, the competition between shipping companies, the development of the international economy and the requests of the customers of the shipping companies. In this paper, there are analysed the two aspects which a ship represents, as ”a product” and as a performed ”service” and it is presented a type of analyse for a maritime ship.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1898 2013/08/13 - 08:12

The life cycle of a ship represents an issue which the ship owner must take into consideration because he must know a series of aspects connected to the exploitation period until the moment of the current and capital repairs, the degree of use of the ship and separately for each installation, the moment of its taking out from service and especially how it can be extended its duration of exploitation. These aspects are not easy to be calculated because there appear a series of aspects connected to the shipping zone, the type of the transported goods, the way of exploitation and maintenance performed by the crews, the number of the exploitation days and many more others. The life cycle of the service performed by the ship, in fact the type of the transported goods is very important taking into account the changes on the maritime market, the competition between shipping companies, the development of the international economy and the requests of the customers of the shipping companies. In this paper, there are analysed the two aspects which a ship represents, as ”a product” and as a performed ”service” and it is presented a type of analyse for a maritime ship.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1898 2013/08/13 - 08:12

In the process of adapting the global social system to the competitive market economy, risk factors have multiplied and undue benefits tend to be a structural phenomenon, specialized and professional, which by the informal networks of organizations and individuals can start corrupting the decision makers at higher levels in the political, legislative, administration and judiciary area. The malignant connection with a complex of antisocial deeds, such as: large-scale fraud, embezzlement, tax evasion, increases the sizes of social danger. The underground economy, the gaps or ‘out of sync’ moments of political and normative acts, the economic malfunctions and axiological and moral mutations also feed this phenomenon. This study aims to capture by analysis, the incidence of improper benefits received by the public official in various states.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1899 2013/08/13 - 08:12

In the process of adapting the global social system to the competitive market economy, risk factors have multiplied and undue benefits tend to be a structural phenomenon, specialized and professional, which by the informal networks of organizations and individuals can start corrupting the decision makers at higher levels in the political, legislative, administration and judiciary area. The malignant connection with a complex of antisocial deeds, such as: large-scale fraud, embezzlement, tax evasion, increases the sizes of social danger. The underground economy, the gaps or ‘out of sync’ moments of political and normative acts, the economic malfunctions and axiological and moral mutations also feed this phenomenon. This study aims to capture by analysis, the incidence of improper benefits received by the public official in various states.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1899 2013/08/13 - 08:12

Objective - This study aims to explore the communication process within local public administration as a determinant of citizens` satisfaction. Prior work - Several authors had examined if having contact with certain service providers will affect people’s attitudes toward the service quality, but the researchers have not focused yet on the effect of citizens` contact to local authorities on satisfaction. Approach - This research seeks to address this field using an exploratory approach. Following a quantitative methodological approach, a survey was applied to a sample of 380 citizens within Western Romanian. Findings - By analyzing data it was possible to determine citizen satisfaction and to assess its relationship with costumer contact. In addition it was revealed that in Crisana Region city hall is the most frequented local public institution. Implications – The results showed a negative effect of frequency of access to local authorities on overall customer satisfaction. The effect of citizens` contact to local authorities received less attention from the academic researchers, as a need in the literature is to expand this field. Value - This research is the first to specifically examine the contact to local authorities and the effect of frequency of addressing on citizen satisfaction within Crisana Region.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1970 2013/08/13 - 08:12

Objective - This study aims to explore the communication process within local public administration as a determinant of citizens` satisfaction. Prior work - Several authors had examined if having contact with certain service providers will affect people’s attitudes toward the service quality, but the researchers have not focused yet on the effect of citizens` contact to local authorities on satisfaction. Approach - This research seeks to address this field using an exploratory approach. Following a quantitative methodological approach, a survey was applied to a sample of 380 citizens within Western Romanian. Findings - By analyzing data it was possible to determine citizen satisfaction and to assess its relationship with costumer contact. In addition it was revealed that in Crisana Region city hall is the most frequented local public institution. Implications – The results showed a negative effect of frequency of access to local authorities on overall customer satisfaction. The effect of citizens` contact to local authorities received less attention from the academic researchers, as a need in the literature is to expand this field. Value - This research is the first to specifically examine the contact to local authorities and the effect of frequency of addressing on citizen satisfaction within Crisana Region.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1970 2013/08/13 - 08:12

Migration is a phenomenon which experienced an unprecedented scale in the last twenty years. The socio-geo-political and economic changes which took place in Europe after 1990 led to an influx of people from east to west. Most often those who left their countries came from among the former socialist countries. This paper is a continuation of a study published last year entitled “Employment of Labor Force in Albania and Moldova - Evolution and Trends” in which was made a” snapshot “of the labor situation in the two countries aspiring to accede to the European Union. In this paper, we focused on the Republic of Moldova as Romania’s neighbor, followed by a future study to address the phenomenon of migration in Albania. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the phenomenon of migration from the Republic of Moldova and its immediate consequences upon Romania and the European Union. The hypothesis from which we started this study is that: Romania, as a friend and neighbor country of the Republic of Moldova, attracts a large number of Moldovan citizens who become full citizens, Romanian or of other nationalities in the EU. The study was conducted during 2001-2010 and was based on: the census in Moldova in 2004 (last done in this country), information from the National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova, the statistical database respectively, and information processed from the Romanian Statistical Yearbook 2008.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1971 2013/08/13 - 08:12

Migration is a phenomenon which experienced an unprecedented scale in the last twenty years. The socio-geo-political and economic changes which took place in Europe after 1990 led to an influx of people from east to west. Most often those who left their countries came from among the former socialist countries. This paper is a continuation of a study published last year entitled “Employment of Labor Force in Albania and Moldova - Evolution and Trends” in which was made a” snapshot “of the labor situation in the two countries aspiring to accede to the European Union. In this paper, we focused on the Republic of Moldova as Romania’s neighbor, followed by a future study to address the phenomenon of migration in Albania. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the phenomenon of migration from the Republic of Moldova and its immediate consequences upon Romania and the European Union. The hypothesis from which we started this study is that: Romania, as a friend and neighbor country of the Republic of Moldova, attracts a large number of Moldovan citizens who become full citizens, Romanian or of other nationalities in the EU. The study was conducted during 2001-2010 and was based on: the census in Moldova in 2004 (last done in this country), information from the National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova, the statistical database respectively, and information processed from the Romanian Statistical Yearbook 2008.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1971 2013/08/13 - 08:12

Objectives: In the democratic states, the assertion and respect of the fundamental rights of the citizens represent an essential characteristic, both at the national, and at the international level. In this paper, we shall analyze the relations that are established with the Parliament, the executive power, the judicial power, the Constitutional Court and the non-governmental organizations. These relations are of collaboration, control or information, depending on the activity performed by the respective institution or structure. Prior work: I’ve tried to find and debate hermeneutical new regulations and doctrinal opinions in this domain very important for those who practice Administrativ law and Constitutional law. Results: In European Union and Member States, the enforcement decisions of Ombudsman is viewed with great interest, being considered an important public authority. Value: We believe that the role of ombudsman is accentuated by the importance given to it by the public authorities, but also by the degree of the institution’s reception by the public opinion. In this sense, the relations between Ombudsman and the non-governmental organizations are of collaboration, focused, mainly, on two directions: in the field of preventing possible breaches of the citizens’ rights and liberties and in the field of the actual protection of the rights breached. 

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1654 2012/12/16 - 11:25

Abstract Building of executive functional powers in service to the citizens has been and still remains one of the main objectives of the Republic of Macedonia since its independence. The path of state- building and rule of law, transformation of the society from the monist state to a pluralistic and democratic state seemed very difficult considering the economic crisis as well as the political and ethnic problems. Despite numerous difficulties, the main objective still remains the creation administrative bodies that will be in service to the society but above all in service to the citizens.  The European and international experiences have been useful and the only way in the direction of creating a state where will be applied the rule of law.  

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1628 2012/12/16 - 11:25

Fifteen years ago, Agenda 21, the United Nations' call to action for sustainable development, envisaged that the necessary harmonization and extension of existing policies and plans would occur through the adoption of an identifiable strategy for sustainable development. Since then, sustainable development is a widely used phrase and idea and it has many different meanings and therefore provokes many different responses. The aim of the article is to explore the role of the emerging South-Eastern administrations in the sustainable development under the changes and rules imposed by the European Union pressure. We will analyze both concepts, emerging administrations and sustainable development from the perspective of system theory and  we will make the link with the concept of emergence, which is utilized to research and to analyze the nature of the changes in the public administration starting from the approach of the systemic theory. The research will be focused on the states form the south-eastern Europe, thus in the case study we will make a coparison between Romania and Bulgaria, as new member states of the European Union.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1624 2012/12/16 - 11:25

Agriculture sector plays an important role for the economic development of Pakistan. Wheat has special importance in this sector because it is an essential ingredient in food commodities. Pakistan is producing a large quantity of wheat crop for the fulfillment of domestic needs. Therefore, credit is considered a basic input like other agriculture inputs i.e. seed, fertilizer, irrigation, machinery and labor etc for farming. Majority of the farmers are poor and they are not able to fulfill the cash requirement of farming, therefore credit has become their dire need. This study depicts the impact of credit borrowed from Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited on production of wheat crop. Therefore, credit along with other variables seeds, fertilizers and pesticides were taken as independent variables. The study was conducted in District Faisalabad through the selected villages by simple random sampling method. The data was analyzed through Cobb Douglas Production Function. It was found that credit and other independent variables were positively significant on per acre wheat production with the values of 0.321, 0.226, 0.161 and 14.9 respectively. The significant values of R2 and F-statistics are 0.744 and 84.76 respectively which show that all selected independent variables are highly significant on production of wheat crop.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1631 2012/12/16 - 11:25

Contemporary crisis brought new challenges for policy-makers. Alarming increase in public spending, combined with a high level of debt has forced the governments to seek new ways to intervene in the economic activity, without affecting normal economic cycle. The main purpose of this paper is to analyze state involvement in the economy through various means depending on existing political doctrine at some point. Secondary goal is to identify the best way forward in the current economic and political world. In our investigation we will use a research strategy based the documentary and content analyses.

http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/administratio/article/view/1657 2012/12/16 - 11:25